Before one can immerse themselves into the arguments surrounding artificial intelligence, it is necessary to understand artificial intelligence and the history of it to this point. Artificial intelligence is the spawn of advanced projects in the field of computer science, called “expert systems.” These systems are complex programs that do one task incredibly well, as if it were a human “expert” on the topic at hand (Graham 36). Such programs are not truly intelligent, but they possess enough programming to put on a semblance of such. A well-known example of an “expert system,” a program within “applied artificial intelligence,” is IBM’s Deep Blue, a supercomputer designed to beat Chess Grand Master Garry Kasparov (Bethell). ...
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...Mercury News 5 Sep. 2000: n. pag. SIRS Researcher. Web. 12 Oct. 2009.
LaChat, Michael R. “Artificial Intelligence and Ethics: An Exercise in the Moral Imagination.” AI Magazine Summer 1986: 70-79. Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. Web. 12 Oct. 2009.
Mullins, Justin. “Whatever Happened to Machines That Think?” New Scientist 23 Apr. 2005: 32-37. SIRS Researcher. Web. 12 Oct. 2009.
“Robots to get all emotional.” MX 27 Nov. 2008: 8. Newspaper Source. EBSCO. Web. 12 Oct. 2009.
Sofge, Erik. “Ultimate Fighting Machines.” Popular Mechanics Mar. 2008: 59-63. Print.
Studt, Tim. “We, Robot.” R&D Magazine Nov. 2000: 9. Business Source Premier. EBSCO. Web. 12 Oct. 2009.
Williams, Sam. Arguing A.I.: The Battle for Twenty-first-Century Science. New York: Random House, 2002. Print.
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