Cardiomyopathy : Symptoms And Treatment Essay

Cardiomyopathy : Symptoms And Treatment Essay

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Cardiomyopathy, by definition, means the weakening of the heart muscle. The heart is operated by a striated muscle that relies on the autonomic nervous system to function. Cardiomyopathy is diagnosed in four different ways based on what caused the illness and exactly what part of the heart is weakened. The four main types of cardiomyopathy are dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy, and arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. One other category of cardiomyopathy that is diagnosed is “unclassified cardiomyopathy.” Unclassified cardiomyopathy is the weakening of the heart that does not fit into the main four categories.
Dilated cardiomyopathy is the most common diagnosis among the other three cardiomyopathies. It occurs mostly in men ages 20-30. Dilated cardiomyopathy affects the ventricles and atria in the terms of the walls of the atria and ventricles stretch and become thinner. This causes the inside of the chamber to enlarge. The disease usually starts in the left ventricle and continues to the right ventricle and then to the atria as the disease worsens. When at its worst, the heart will be immobile except for a very small portion of the heart that is what keeps blood moving.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the thickening or enlarging of muscles cells which is the common cause of the heart attack in young adults. The thickening of the muscle cells do not necessarily have to change the size of the ventricles, but can narrow the blood vessels inside the heart. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can be grouped into two categories: obstructive HCM and non-obstructive HCM. With obstructive HCM, the septum (the wall that divides the left and right sides of the heart) becomes thickened and blocks ...


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...hs of birth, certain toxins, and certain drugs are all diseases or substances that contribute to the factor of having dilated cardiomyopathy. With hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, the disease is usually inherited due to a mutation in the gene coding to make cardiac proteins. High blood pressure or aging can also factor in to the development of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Similar to dilated cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy can be caused by certain diseases and factors. Hemochromatosis (where too much iron builds up in the body), sarcoidosis (where tiny lumps of cells form in the body’s organs), amyloidosis (where abnormal proteins build up in the body’s organs), connective tissue disorders, and some cancer treatments (such as radiation and chemotherapy) are causes of restrictive cardiomyopathy. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia is an inherited disease.

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