Carbohydrates as Macronutrients in Relation to Protein and Fat for Body Weight Control

Carbohydrates as Macronutrients in Relation to Protein and Fat for Body Weight Control

Length: 788 words (2.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Astrup A. 2006. Carbohydrates as macronutrients in relation to protein and fat for body weight control. International Journal of Obesity [Internet]. Cited 2013 September 20. Available from:

• Women's Health Initiative dietary trial concluded that those who participated in a fat reduction diet, which is decreasing dietary fat by 37-27% of total calories, lost 3-5 kg of weight and kept a lower body weight in the span of 9 years compared to individuals participating in a normal fat diet
• Driving force behind the diet is providing greater amounts of food for less calories, which allows the individual to feel full without consuming excess calories.
• Glucose in solid food provides the same amount of satiation as starch, however sugar in drinks seems to insignificantly inhibit more food intake.
• Proven that a gram of carbohydrate holds not more than half the energy of 1 gram of fat, thus notably less calories are taken in in a meal high in carbohydrates than a meal high in fats.
• Study in European multi-centre trial Carmen demonstrated that the low-fat diet high in complex carbohydrates resulted in an average reduction of body weight of 2.4 kg, compared to a 1.6 kg body weight reduction for those on a simple carbohydrate diet.

How does this article relate to your topic or influence the design of your experiment?
In this experiment, it is evident that individuals consume fewer calories in a meal high in carbohydrates than a meal high in fat, resulting in a greater weight loss for people participating in a carbohydrate rich meal. Since hamsters are very similar to humans in terms of our genetic make-up, feeding the hamsters a diet rich in saturated fat should result i...

... middle of paper ...

...n the Low group

According to this experiment, the hamsters that consumed medium LDL cholesterol concentrations in either cocoa butter or coconut oil gained a substantial amount of weight compared to those in the Low group. Since coconut oils contain an extremely high percentage of saturated fats, which led to weight gain in these hamsters, we can assume that the hamsters we will be feeding a diet high in saturated fat will also experience rapid weight gain. Additionally, the hamsters in the experiment had built up inflammatory cytokines in their arterial walls, due to their high consumption of saturated fats. Thus, our hamsters participating in the high saturated fat diet should be less healthy and active compared to the hamsters that will be participating in the diet high in carbohydrates and unsaturated fats, because of their increased cholesterol accumulation.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Orlistat: A New Option in Weight Control Essay

- Orlistat: A New Option in Weight Control Orlistat is a lipase-inhibitor drug designed to help obese individuals lose and maintain their body weight. The drug in combination with a healthy low-fat diet and exercise can help in the treatment of obesity. Reducing fat intake is critical when attempting to reduce body fat. Orlistat reduces body fat by increasing the amount of fat passed through the body. The drug has already been approved in Europe and is expected to be approved by the FDA in the US in 1999.There have been scientific studies which support the effectiveness and low risks of Orlistat....   [tags: Pills Weight Loss Orlistat Essays]

Free Essays
1579 words (4.5 pages)

How to Lose Weight Essay examples

- Americans are more overweight today than ever before. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), more than one third of U.S. adults – over 72 million people, were obese in 2007-2008. This includes 32.2% of men and 35.5% of women (CDC 2). With the high rate of obesity in the United States, dieting and weight loss is on the minds of many Americans. In the text book, “Nutrition – an Applied Approach”, Thompson and Manore describe a healthful diet as one that offers a variety of foods, is balanced, and that also provides an appropriate amount of nutrients to maintain a healthy weight (39)....   [tags: Diet, Weight Loss, Instructional Essay]

Better Essays
1709 words (4.9 pages)

The Effects Of Obesity On Body Weight Essay

- We don’t have complete control over our body weight but we do have control over our body weight. Genes can cause obesity but it still doesn’t explains why obesity has increased in the recent years. The simple calculation of calories intake and calories burned can tell us why obesity has been increasing in the past years. The genetic package can affect our weight but in the end it depends on the individual to manage the weight. Every overweight and obese person can improve their conditions by following a particular diet and while also doing activities to burn calories....   [tags: Nutrition, Obesity, Health, Dieting]

Better Essays
894 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on How to Control Your Weight

- One of the easiest ways to control your weight is to control what you eat and how much you eat. However, feeling of hunger and desire of delicious foods seems to be the impenetrable barrier for many people who are trying to lose weight. Consumption of high dietary fibre (DF) foods contributes to weight control and weight loss by three mechanisms: (Slavin, 2008)  High-fibre foods are usually also the low in fat and calories, such as fruit, vegetables and cereals.  High-fibre foods help increase satiety, and thus prevent over eating....   [tags: diet, fiber, diabetes]

Free Essays
637 words (1.8 pages)

Food for Health Healthy Carbohydrate Sources Essay

- ... Keep in mind also that this type of carbohydrate also provide a stimulus of serotonin in the body, which is a compound that controls emotions and appetite. And what are the food sources of complex carbohydrates for your health. 1. Potato Solanum Tuberosum L is a plant of the Solanaceae tribe that has edible tubers and stems commonly called potato. For European society potato tuber used as a staple food. but initially potato originated in the United States. Potato fruit is naturally low in calories and contains no sodium, fat or cholesterol....   [tags: energy, sugar, potato, carbohydrates]

Better Essays
597 words (1.7 pages)

How Your Body Actually Makes You Gain And Lose Weight Essay

- It 's time to learn how your body actually makes you gain and lose weight. Many medical studies have looked at this complex subject in detail. There are however some simple principles at work which I 'll explain here. Remember, this is a simplified model I 'm showing you, if you want to learn about this subject in more details, consider reading some of the books mentioned later or search the web for insulin. The gut digests and absorbs proteins, fats, sugar and other carbohydrates (carbs from now on) and releases nutrients into the bloodstream....   [tags: Glucose, Carbohydrate, Insulin, Nutrition]

Better Essays
1487 words (4.2 pages)

There are Three Main Types of Sports Drinks: Isotonic, Hypotonic and Hypertonic

- Sports drinks are used to supplement the loss of electrolytes, water and energy after exercise, helping the athlete recover quicker by replacing the key ionic-substances back into the body. They are designed to give the athlete an equal amount of carbohydrates and fluids to provide an almost instant rehydration and refuel during physical activity. This essay will explain the purpose of the contents of sports drinks and their uses in the human body. There are three main types of sports drinks; Isotonic, Hypotonic and Hypertonic....   [tags: carbohydrates and fluids]

Better Essays
779 words (2.2 pages)

Medical Advancement And Its Effects On The Human Body Essay

- Today’s medical advancement has benefited many people in multiple ways. Plenty of lives have been saved because of our wonderful doctors and advanced medical treatments; there is no doubt about that. Now, think about the lives that have suffered because of doctors habitual practices of prescribing pharmaceutical medication. An umpteen amount of United States citizens have deteriorated under the wrath of pharmaceutical drugs. What many people do not understand is this simple fact: healthy food can help any physical, mental, and social ailment affecting the human body....   [tags: Nutrition, Human body, Health, Food]

Better Essays
974 words (2.8 pages)

Weight Gain and Misconceptions and Tips for Weight Management Essay

- ... Men naturally have more muscles than women, and the more muscle we have, the faster we lose weight. Therefore, it is perfectly natural that men make slimmer physiques than women. Another factor is the difference in age. Age affects our metabolism. As we age, our muscle mass diminishes, which lowers our resting metabolic rate (RMR), and we get exhausted easier. In other words, older people will slowly get inactive and gain more weight. After all, it is just the law of the nature that older people will eventually lose their strength, hence reducing activities that they felt are too strenuous to bear....   [tags: staying lean and fit]

Better Essays
2270 words (6.5 pages)

Weight Management Essay examples

- Weight management has been thought of as only weight loss by many. Weight management covers all aspects of attaining and maintaining optimum weight for a healthy lifestyle. Health professionals now realize that prevention of weight gain as well as weight loss and improving health status are important goals. These goals must be individualized for success. At the outset of treatment, the patient and health care provider should discuss and agree upon goals. The goals must take into account the food habits, exercise behaviors, psychological outlook and support systems of the individual....   [tags: essays research papers]

Better Essays
1279 words (3.7 pages)