In “Nature and Revolution”, Marcuse tells us that capitalism destroys external nature and human nature. External nature is our environment. Marcuse mentions, nature is a part of history, “man encounters nature as transformed by society, subjected to a specific rationality which became, to an ever-increasing extent, technological, instrumental rationality, bent to the requirements of capitalism” (260). That is, human beings force nature to become tools for the purpose of the development. The increasing of technology and industrialization transform nature into man-controlled resources. In order to achieve the growth of human society, nature has been transformed from nature into an environment for the human beings. To specify his argument, he writes, “Commercialized nature, polluted nature, militarized nature cut down the life environment of man, not only in an ecological but also in a very existential sense” (260). From this quote, he explains that nature has lost its origins in a visible le...
... middle of paper ...
...ert Marcuse argues that capitalism destroys natural environment and human nature, Edward Hopper’s painting Nighthawks reflects Marcuse’s argument that capitalism destroys nature through color contrasts and the unnatural environment; it also echoes Marcuse’s argument that capitalism destroys the human nature through emotionless people. While the growth of capitalism brings new technology to human society, the dehumanized power starts to destroy nature and human nature. Indeed, civilization brings human society up to a new level. Yet, the way of the growth destroys our natural environment and human nature. We should find a better way of expansion that can keep developing and protecting nature at a same time.
Marcuse, Herbert. "Nature and Revolution." The Continental Aesthetics Reader. Ed. Clive
Cazeaux. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 2011. 258-269. Print.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Evils of Capitalism Exposed in Catch-22 "That's some catch, that Catch-22" (47). Some catch indeed, for Catch-22 "is the best there is" (47). A strange paradox preventing men from being grounded under any circumstances, Catch-22 eventually evolves into a justification for doing virtually anything. After all, it "says [anyone] can do anything [that] we can't stop them from doing" (416). A less obviously stated, but equally powerful, validation for one's actions is the guarantee of profit.... [tags: Catch-22]
1532 words (4.4 pages)
- Much of Karl Marx’s Communist Manifesto discusses the relationship between how a capitalist society produces its’ goods and how this affects the social structure of the society. Throughout the manifesto, Marx used the term mode of production to refer to how a given society structures its’ economic production, it also refers to how a society produces and with what capital the society produces. Human capital plays a large part in Marx’s communist manifesto, concerning himself with the relations of production, which refers to the relationship between those who own the means of production (bourgeoisie) and those who do not own the fruit of their labor (proletariat).... [tags: society, replacing capitalism]
899 words (2.6 pages)
- Human nature is the characteristics, feelings and behavioral traits of humankind. Humans are capable of expressing different kinds of emotions such as joy, frustration, despair, remorse, and other forms of emotions depending on the situations they are encountering. In the film ‘Minority Report’, various kinds of human characteristics have been portrayed. The view of human nature posited in this film is assuming that all humankind is likely to commit crimes regardless of their position. The film ‘Minority Report’ demonstrated that despite using the system of having pre-cogs topredict futurecrimes was thought to be perfect, it is still proven in the end that the system is flawed, where someon... [tags: Human Nature]
580 words (1.7 pages)
- The human civilization evolved from a primitive living condition to our modern society over several millenia. Although our needs and motives have changed in form and complexity, we stay basically tied to our innate biological necessities. We are still motivated by search for food, sex, security, exploratory and pleasure-seeking behaviours more than anything else. Our understanding of those essential needs and motives may help to make us more in harmony with our human nature and less inclined to exaggerate our needs or our desires.... [tags: Artificial Needs, Human Nature]
833 words (2.4 pages)
- Michael Novak once said , " Capitalism must be infused by that humble gift of love called caritas . " While this is a very moving and true concept , this is not the reality we live in . Our modern free enterprise , which derived its structure from the Catholic Church of the eighteenth century , is infused with many things , and love most certainly is not one of them. Although , Capitalism is essential for us to continue progressing into a modern future; at some point in time, Capitalism lost its artlessness.... [tags: Capitalism]
818 words (2.3 pages)
- Human nature is that quality that sets us apart from other living things; it is the definition of what we are. The concept of human nature in international relations is embedded in the theories of international relations. Every International relations theory has its specific assumptions about human nature. The basic premise of these theories has its roots in human nature because in understanding the world and how it works, human nature is first considered. Philosophers maintain that in order for a political theory to hold any weight, it must first explain the concept of human nature.... [tags: theory, realism, constructism, human nature]
602 words (1.7 pages)
- Modern sciences have either directly emerged from philosophy or are very closely related to multiple philosophical questions. Understanding philosophy, as well as the way problems are addressed by philosophers, is the key to understanding science as we know it today and in the future. There are as many definitions of philosophy as there are philosophers – perhaps there are even more. Philosophy is said to be the mother of all disciplines. It is also the oldest of all disciplines and has given a rise to modern science, both social and natural conclusions.... [tags: Human Nature Essays]
2002 words (5.7 pages)
- Authors' Conceptions of Human Nature Philosophers, politicians, and writers throughout all of the western world and across all of our written history have discovered the importance of knowing human nature. Human nature is responsible for our definitions of abstract concepts that are surprisingly universal across the western world like justice, equity, and law. Human nature must also be carefully studied in an effort to understand, obtain, or maintain power within society. Finally, human nature must also be carefully understood so as to protect it from being manipulated and to understand its place in society.... [tags: Human Nature Philosophy Essays]
3888 words (11.1 pages)
- The Roots of Human Nature The roots of human nature are sunk deep into our history and experiences. When in our own lives we are to find the basis of our human nature, we must look to our early years, the formative years. Now take for example if we placed a newborn in the wild or in a high-class, well-mannered, wealthy family. The human nature of the newborn in the wild will be exactly that, wild and chaotic. While on the other hand the newborn in the well-mannered society will be well mannered and moralistic.... [tags: Human Nature Humanity Civilization Essays]
690 words (2 pages)
- Human Beings and Their Control Over Nature in the Twentieth Century Throughout the history of western civilization, the human race has had a continuing relationship with nature and the environment. Progress has improved the way in which human beings use natural resources and the ways in which they work together to improve the quality of life. Developments in science and technology of the twentieth-century have greatly improved the way that humans interact. As the technological advancements of the twentieth-century progressed from the discovery of vaccinations to computer age technology, humans have learned to take a considerable amount of control over their lives and the environment a... [tags: Human Nature Control Essays]
1744 words (5 pages)