There is little evidence, if any at all, that supports the fact that capital punishment deters crime rates. In a study on capital punishment and its deterrence effects by Lawrence Katz, Steven D. Levitt, and Ellen Shustorovich, presented with little systematic evidence that the execution rate influences crime rates (Katz, Levitt, and Shustorovich 318-343). There are many reasons why the death penalty does not deter crime rates such as the prolonged time period on death row, usually ten years, the ease of appealing to reduce sentences to life in prison, and the fact that some criminals do not have the education to be rational enough to think about the punishment before committing the crime. Some proponents of capital punishment argue that if executions were delivered swiftly, then...
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... individuals but governments as well (Prejean ). The United States must lead by example and make responsible decisions and policies in order set examples so that citizens may follow suit.
Drehle, Von. "Life in Prison One-Sixth as Expensive." Miami Herald 10 July 1988: 12A, col. 1. Print.
Katz, Lawrence, Steven Levitt, and Ellen Shustorovich. "Prison Conditions, Capital Punishment, and Deterrence." American Law and Economics Review. 5.2 (2003): 318-343. Print.
Murray, Frank. "Innocents on Death Row." Insight on the News. 15.43 (1999): 30. Print.
Prejean, Helen. Dead Man Walking. United States: Library of Congress, 1993. Print.
Smykla, John, and Watt Espy. "Capital Punishment in the United States." National Archive of Criminal Justice Data. N.p., 1987. Web. 6 Jul 2011.
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