Canines Provide Advances in Epilepsy Research Essay

Canines Provide Advances in Epilepsy Research Essay

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In spite of the many claims by animal rights activists, it is quite undeniable that animal-based research has contributed to a substantial amount of improvement not only in the length but also the quality of human lives [3]. Animal models have served in a variety of purposes in the medical field today. They have been used to evaluate possible values of treatments against different types of diseases, and preclinical efficiencies. Chronic studies using animals can serve different purposes, for example, the evaluation of drug effectiveness in treatments, tolerance, and side effects during administration. Animal models can be used to determine the actions of old and new treatments, and certain models can be used to study drug resistance [3].
Epilepsy is considered one of the major neurological problems related to seizure disorders not only in humans, but also in a lot of different animals as well. Recognized in ancient times, epilepsy is a naturally occurring and spontaneous condition difficult to diagnose correctly resulting in repeated seizures over time [1]. Another form is idiopathic epilepsy meaning there is an underlying cause that cannot be determined. Seizures may occur as a onetime event for a variety of reasons. Anything that damages a specific area of the brain can cause epilepsy. Idiopathic epilepsy can be caused by a stroke too small to be detected with a brain scan [1]. Genetic factors have been expected to play a role in the development of epilepsy in as many as 40% of epileptic patients [2]. Being one of the most common neurological diseases, epilepsy has been recorded to affect about 1-5% of the human population at some stage in their life.
In order to properly diagnose epilepsy, a doctor begins with a patient’s h...

... middle of paper ...

...esearch Means Medical Progress." Americans for Medical Progress. Americans for Medical Progress, 2010. Web. 06 Apr. 2014.
4. Korey, Saul R., and Dominick P. Purpura. "Animal Models of Early Life Seizures and Epilepsies." Neurology Association. Neurology Asia, 2 Mar. 2013. Web. 6 Apr. 2014.
5. Martle, Valentine, Luc Van Ham, Robrecht Raedt, Kristl Vonck, Paul Boon, and Sofie Bhatti. "Non-pharmacological Treatment Options for Refractory Epilepsy: An Overview of Human Treatment Modalities and Their Potential Utility in Dogs." Science Direct. The Veterinary Journal, Mar. 2014. Web. 6 Apr. 2014.
6. Loscher, W. "Animal Models of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures." Antiepileptic Drugs. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 1999. Web. 06 Apr. 2014.
7. Yliopisto, Helsingin. "New Epilepsy Gene Located in Dogs." University of Helsinki, ScienceDaily, 23 Mar. 2012. Web. 06 Apr. 2014.

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