Candide, The Enlightenment Period And The Birth Of Tolerance Essay

Candide, The Enlightenment Period And The Birth Of Tolerance Essay

Length: 1237 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In chapter 5 of book Candide, the Enlightenment period and the birth of tolerance were on full display. In Candide, the Enlightenment thinkers’ view of the optimum world is challenged through satiric examples of the Lisbon Bay and Lisbon Earthquake. Voltaire continues to use ironically tragic events to test Pangloss’s contention with the phenomenon of evil. The use of grotesque and naive behavior between individuals in this chapter makes you really question their irrational thinking with the cause and effects of the events that just transpired.
As chapter 5 begins, the ship was in the midst of a tempest and its crew feared for their lives. As Voltaire used vivid imagery to described the individuals aboard the ship as “making loud outcries, or betook themselves to their prayers; the sails were blown into shreds, the vessel was a total wreck”. As events transpired, James pulled the evil sailor back to safety only to have a sudden jerk of the ship send him overboard. This was the first instance of irony, as James forgave the sailor for the slamming him mere seconds ago and went on to save him for no apparent reason, only to get thrown overboard. This instance refers to the Christian Church and its relevance in the spiritual, social and political world, and hampers on the fact that there was no divine justice for James. This scenario connects with Leibniz and his philosophy on optimism and god. Leibniz argued, “that if God was perfect then he must have created a perfect world”(wordpress). Voltaire did not accept this philosophy because it allowed for people to accept suffering as in the case of James, for it is just part of the world we live in and we should just acknowledge it and move on. This event also dealt with the idea of resu...

... middle of paper ...

...a way because he continued to use Leibnizian philosophy, which Voltaire satirized because it appeared futile, irrelevant, and absurd in the midst of human pain and suffering (Lecture)”.
As an Enlightenment thinker takes a look at this book, they don’t see the satiric examples Voltaire lays out. They don 't see the examples because they have an optimistic view of the world and a connection to God that uses this unusual cause and effect reasoning to explain these bizarre events. Voltaire is dumbfounded by their reasoning and produces satiric examples of Lisbon Bay and the earthquake to attack the Enlightenment thinkers’ views as lacking a sense of deductive reasoning. The imagery and unemotional concern of Pangloss and Candide represent an attack on the people of the Enlightenment period, and how they just shifted the burden of personal responsibility onto God.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Candide, The Enlightenment And The Birth Of Tolerance Essay

- In chapter 5 of Candide, the Enlightenment and the birth of tolerance were on full display. In Candide, the Enlightenment thinkers’ view of the optimum world is challenged through the shipwreck and the satiric explanations of the Lisbon Bay and Lisbon Earthquake. Voltaire continues to use ironically tragic events to test Pangloss’s optimistic philosophy, which attempts to explain evil. The use of grotesque and naive behavior between individuals in this chapter makes the reader question Pangloss’s irrational thinking with the cause and effects of the events....   [tags: Age of Enlightenment, Voltaire, Candide, Logic]

Strong Essays
1176 words (3.4 pages)

Summary : ' Candide ' Essay

- Shawheen D. Yazdani Hist 102 Candide Book Review Francois-Marie Arouet 's (Voltaire) book Candide satirically criticizes French thinking during the Enlightenment period, specifically commenting on the role religion and Philosophy, Aristocracy, wealth, and women had during the transition. Voltaire 's Candide tells the story of a bastard to a noble mother and a slightly less noble father, of which the mother refused to marry the father due to his less noble lineage. Candide is instructed by Pangloss, Candide 's philosophy instructor, under the housing of a Baron....   [tags: Candide, Voltaire, Age of Enlightenment]

Strong Essays
1499 words (4.3 pages)

Candide Is A Representation Of The Enlightenment Essay

- Candide is a representation of the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment was an era of change, the way people think changed, scientific ideas changed along with many other beliefs. Voltaire was an Enlightenment philosopher that changed the meaning of the word optimism, wrote many books to spread new ideas throughout the area. Candide is about a man that lives during the Enlightenment, as he travels and lives through the Enlightenment he realizes that the world should be changing. when Jacques drowns Candide’s response is why was it you of all men, men that shouldn’t have drowned in the very harbor....   [tags: Candide, Voltaire, Best of all possible worlds]

Strong Essays
1000 words (2.9 pages)

Analysis Of Voltaire 's ' Candide ' Essay

- Many people are asked the question if they are optimist and they will usually respond yes, no, or something else ,but what actually is an optimist, and is a good thing. Today optimist is defined as someone who always sees the bright side of any situation — a trait that can be either encouraging or annoying, depending on your frame of mind. In the enlightenment an optimist was defined as someone who believed that everything happened for the greater good, because of God. Many great writers of the enlightenment period,such as Voltaire, created literary works to criticize the overly optimistic society in which they lived in....   [tags: Voltaire, Candide, Optimism, Age of Enlightenment]

Strong Essays
850 words (2.4 pages)

Voltaire : Voltaire 's Candide Essays

- Voltaire. Candide. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Classics, 1947. Print. François-Marie Arouet, or Voltaire was an Enlightenment thinker, whose ideas are portrayed in his satiric novel, Candide. In this short novel, Voltaire critiques French society of the time, and attacks Leibnizian optimism through his sarcastic representation of Professor Pangloss, one of the optimist philosophers. Throughout the book, he describes the reality of society, which is that of misery and pain. This novel was written in 1759 during the Age of Enlightenment, when Voltaire was already a known writer who was famous for his satirical wit....   [tags: Voltaire, Age of Enlightenment, Candide, Optimism]

Strong Essays
2064 words (5.9 pages)

Voltaire 's View Of Enlightenment Essay

- One of the main purposes of the Enlightenment was to promote reason and rationalism as a way to improve society and politics. However, Voltaire, an influential and famous philosopher and writer during the period of the enlightenment, repeatedly criticized certain aspects of Enlightenment philosophy. In his short story, Candide, Voltaire somewhat harshly attacks the optimism that was so popular between philosophers during this time and instead he decides not to disregard the inescapable presence of the evil that is in nature and humans....   [tags: Candide, Age of Enlightenment, Voltaire, El Dorado]

Strong Essays
2308 words (6.6 pages)

The Theory Of Individualism And The Enlightenment Period Essay

- Prior to the Enlightenment period, many individuals relied on God to spare man from igniting the evil spirit within their conscious. Whereas, the nineteenth century sparked a turning point in the ideology that characterized individuals as their own saviors. This idea stemmed from the Counter Enlightenment Movement. These Counter Enlightenment thinker’s believed that previous policies have damaged man, misguided individuals from fulfilling their true destiny. Intellectuals began to redefine the self and strip all external banisters from existence....   [tags: Age of Enlightenment, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

Strong Essays
2267 words (6.5 pages)

Essay on Voltaire’s Candide: A Typical Enlightenment Work

- Candide as a Typical Enlightenment Work       Candide on the surface is a witty story. However when inspected deeper it is a philippic writing against people of an uneducated status. Candide is an archetype of these idiocracies, for he lacks reason and has optimism that is truly irking, believing that this is the best of all possible worlds. Thus Voltaire uses a witty, bantering tale on the surface, but in depth a cruel bombast against the ignoramuses of his times.               Candide has reason only in the form of a companion upon which he relies for advice....   [tags: Candide essays]

Strong Essays
673 words (1.9 pages)

An Analysis of Candide Story by Voltaire Essay examples

- Voltaire “Candide or Optimism” was written in the enlightenment era. Voltaire story is published in The Norton Anthology of Western Literature. Voltaire’s character, Pangolss, is a philosopher who teaches about God morals. Pangolss is also a mentor to Candide, who is the main character of the novel. Candide has a good heart but is also feel s very hopeless in life. Pangloss takes Candide under his wing and teaches him that “best of all possible worlds.” The enlightenment movement is seen closely in Voltaire writing style on page 378....   [tags: voltaire, enlightment era, candide]

Strong Essays
1336 words (3.8 pages)

Candide: A Satire On The Enlightenment Essay

- Candide: A Satire On The Enlightenment Works Cited Missing Candide is an outlandishly humorous, far-fetched tale by Voltaire satirizing the optimism espoused by the philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment. It is the story of a young man’s adventures throughout the world, where he witnesses much evil and disaster. Throughout his travels, he adheres to the teachings of his tutor, Pangloss, believing that "all is for the best in the best of all possible worlds." Candide is Voltaire’s answer to what he saw as an absurd belief proposed by the Optimists - an easy way to rationalize evil and suffering....   [tags: Voltaire Candide Essays]

Free Essays
596 words (1.7 pages)