Though there are many types of cancers, there are four main cancers that effect today’s society. These cancers include prostate cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer and colon/rectum cancer. Of the 1,529,560 new cases of cancer in 2010, 217,730 were prostate cancer, 209,060 were female breast cancer, 222,520 were lung cancer, and 142,570 were colon/rectum cancer. The majority of people who have cancer will have one of these types of cancer.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men. This cancer effects a gland only in males called the prostate. This gland can be found in below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The purpose of the prostate is to make a portion of the fluid that protects and nourishes sperm cells in semen. The urethra runs through the prostate and carries urine and semen out through the penis.
Almost all prostate cancers develop form the gland cells in the prostate that make the seminal fluid. While some prostate cancers can grow rapidly, most are slow grow. This cancer can grow so slow that older men who have died from othe...
... middle of paper ...
...obules, paget disease of the nipple, which starts in the breast ducts and spreads into the nipple, and inflammatory breast cancer, which makes the breast very tender to the touch instead of forming a lump.
Breast cancer I often caused by inheritance. A mutated gene for breast cancer is passed down to other generations. This makes a person for likely to acquire breast cancer. Some breast cancer is caused by acquired mutations to the breast tissue from radiation, or cancer-causing chemicals. The most common treatment for breast cancer is surgery. This is the removal of partial, or all of the affected breast. This can seem like drastic measures for most women because they are having a part of them that makes them women taken away. Therefore, other forms of treatment include, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy, and bone-directed therapy.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- “Since 1990, over 6 million Americans have died of cancer, more than the combined casualties from the Civil war, WWII, and the Vietnam and Korean conflicts combined” (Faguet, p. 5). According to American Cancer Society projections, there were 1,529,560 new cases of cancer in 2010. Cancer is becoming more and more common around the world. New cancers are constantly being discovered. Researchers are finding new ways to detect cancer and treat it so that the fatality rate does not rise. However, there are some cancers that researchers have not yet discovered a cure for.... [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Prostate cancer]
1297 words (3.7 pages)
- Patients in the early stages of cancer, prior to metastasis, can often be cured by surgically removing the tumor. On the other hand, patients with advanced cancer that has already metastasized must be treated with systemic therapies. Common therapies used today are radiation and chemotherapy. Although in some cases these treatments are effective at removing tumors, they are not selective against cells within the tumor and are frequently toxic to the patient. A relatively new approach towards cancer treatment is targeted therapy: drugs that inhibit specific molecules involved in tumor development.... [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Chemotherapy, Lung cancer]
1699 words (4.9 pages)
- Cancer The number of new cases of cancer is 454.8 per 100,000 men and women per year based on 2008-2012 cases. In 2016, an estimated 1,685,210 new cases of cancer will be diagnosed in the United States and 595,690 people will die from the disease. Survival rates are improving for many people with cancer, especially for those diagnosed at younger ages but, cancer is still a leading cause of death in the United States, but advances in radiation, chemotherapy and targeted treatments have improved survival, especially for cancer of the breast, prostate, lung, liver and colon (Rosen, 2016).... [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Chemotherapy, Radiation therapy]
1859 words (5.3 pages)
- In the past few decades, cancer has become a part of everyday life in Western culture. The most well known and effective treatment is Chemotherapy. This form of treatment is essentially a chemical treatment. It was first used in the 1940’s by use of nitrogen mustard. The treatment has evolved since then and now makes use of other treatments and medicines. Chemotherapy is used to target the cancer cell and kill it. It controls, shrinks and manages tumours. There are over 100 drugs within the chemotherapy treatment.... [tags: Cancer, Chemotherapy, Oncology, Breast cancer]
1080 words (3.1 pages)
- With the rising incidence of cancer worldwide and advances in treatment, there has been an increase in number of patients living with debilitating complications of chronic cancer. The most common cause of cancer-induced pain arises from bone metastases. Nearly 60-84% of patients with advanced cancer experience varying degrees of bone pain. Cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP) involves both neuropathic and inflammatory pain, but with distinctive modifications to the tissue, peripheral nerves along with neurochemical changes at spinal cord level. The establishment of animal models have helped to understand the relationship between tumor, pain and neural interactions. This in turn can h... [tags: Cancer, Metastasis, Prostate cancer, Breast cancer]
905 words (2.6 pages)
- This year an estimated 1,685,210 people will be diagnosed with cancer in the United States. Out of those new cases 595,690 will die from this deadly disease. There are many forms of cancer, including but not limited to breast cancer, bladder cancer, cervical cancer, lung cancer, skin cancer, and numerous other types. The treatment for cancer and the ways it can help you is very important. There are many people we look at in movies or TV that had this disease and survive. Cancer is a cell that grows abnormally and crowds all of the normal cells.... [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Cancer staging, Oncology]
1099 words (3.1 pages)
- Cancer is one of the fastest growing diseases in America today. It causes more and more Americans to lose their lives daily. Cancer is a group of abnormal cells that grow out of control. Studies shows if cancer is left untreated it can cause serious illness or even death. The human body is made up of millions of living cells. A normal cell grows, divides, then dies. Normal cells carry DNA, and when the DNA within the cell is damaged, the cell will either repair itself or die. However, in a cancer cell, if the DNA becomes damaged, the cell will not repair itself or die, but it will continue to grow into an abnormal cell (Kenny 2014).... [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Lung cancer, Metastasis]
1532 words (4.4 pages)
- ("Melanoma - SkinCancer.org"). When taking cancer treatments always be aware that there will be side effects. The side effects affect healthy tissues or organs. They might vary depending on the person, even among those receiving the same treatment. The type of treatments that are received, as well as the amount or frequency of the treatment, age, and other health conditions the person might have been also factors into the side effects that they may have. Common side effects caused by cancer treatments include : Anemia, Appetite Loss, Bleeding and Bruising, Constipation, Diarrhea, Edema, Fatigue, Hair Loss, Infection and Neutropenia, Lymphedema, Memory or Concentration Problems, Mouth and Th... [tags: Cancer, Leukemia, Bone marrow, Metastasis]
1384 words (4 pages)
- The diagnosis of any type of cancer is devastating news. The stress on the individual and their family can be overwhelming. It is essential patients become educated in their cancer diagnosis and available treatment options. This paper will explain why a diagnosis of cancer is made, how cancer is staged and some complications that are common with cancer, along with recommendations that address the physiological and psychological side effects of treatment. In order to receive the best quality of care, it is imperative for cancer patients to be involved in making decisions about their own care, staying informed and knowledgeable is the first step in an integrative team approach.... [tags: Cancer, Cancer staging, Oncology, Lymph node]
2288 words (6.5 pages)
- Maternally there is only my mother and her sister living and Paternally I do not have much history because I was raised by my step-father whom I knew as Dad. Cancer is frequent on the maternal side of my family. My Great-Grandmother, Grandmother, and Aunt were diagnosed with Cancer. My Dad was diagnosed with small cell lung Cancer although, not biologically related because he smoked in the home it put me as risk for Cancer due to environment or second hand smoke. Since I have had so many maternal family members that were diagnosed with Cancer and being at risk for environmental Cancer; I will focus on the risk of Cancer and how I plan to decrease or eliminate that risk.... [tags: Lung cancer, Cancer, Passive smoking, Family]
1164 words (3.3 pages)