Essay on The Cancer : Cancer And Cancer

Essay on The Cancer : Cancer And Cancer

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The cancer is a general name use to many diseases. The cancer is a group of abnormal cells begin to divide without control. That is the beginning of all types of cancer. Actually, the cancer can be almost in any part of the human body. There are many forms of cancer. The most common form of cancer in the women is the breast cancer. While in the men, the most common form is prostate cancer. Also, there are lung cancer, osteosarcoma (bone cancer), and melanoma (skin cancer).
There are different causes of cancer such as genetic, X-ray radiation, smoking, and ultraviolet radiation. All these things can effect on the body and cause gene mutation. The cancer can arise from a list of error during cell division. The gene that caused cancer called Oncogene. The cancer is caused by an accumulation of multiple genes over a period of years. The Examples of these genes are mutations in proto-oncogene and mutation in tumor suppressor gene. When the abnormal cell continues dividing, it will increase in the size and swell called cell tumor. There are two types of tumor. One is the benign tumor and the other is a malignant tumor. The malignant tumor considers a cancer, and when it becomes metastasis, it will be spread to the other sites in the body. The cancer cells use the bloodstream or lymph vessels to spread in the body. Also, some viruses can cause cancer such as Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The cancer is named according to its location such as colon cancer, breast cancer, and lung cancer.
There are several treatments for the cancers such as surgery which include removing the tumor directly, chemotherapy which use the chemical to destroy the cancer cell, and radiation therapy...


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...nk it will develop more in the next years. Also, they work on developing a vaccine for breast cancer. On new study made at Washington University School of Medicine, they work on a vaccine that stimulate the immune system to attack tumor cells in the breast and work on slow its development. The stimulating immune system will attack a protein called mammaglobin-A, which only found in the breast tissues. The scientists think that vaccine will help in eliminating cancer cells in the early stages, or it will help in preventing the breast cancer. Also, the scientists work on researches for developing cancer treatment with minimum side effects. They build those researches on a new discovery about enzyme named cytidine deaminase which enable the cells to recycle the old DNA into new, and that will help cell divide and growth. So, this is the possible treatment in the future.

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