Couples who are in “intact relationships and possibly living together” are seen as less dangerous than split relationships; but police officers, contrary to their training, believe the opposite of this (Dawson & Hotton, 2014, p. 677). Police believe that the best way to avoid endangerment to someone, is to remove the threatening individual — usually by arresting them (Dawson & Hotton, 2014, p. 677). This is the first thing that the Criminal Justice System (CJS) can do to protect a victim. In Canada, we have multiple organizations within the community to assist and protect victims. Shelters, which can be very critical, are not the only form of protection for victims today. Court processes specifically for IPV cases help to avoid revictimization, developing police policies, and changes to the Canadian criminal law over the years have significantly improved protection for victims of intimate partner violence (Blackell & Johnson, 2012, p. 313). Research has shown that the greater amount of charges laid against the perpetra...
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...protection and emotional support; but they are not always the most effective. A study by Pajak et al., (2014) goes over what these services are and how survivors felt about each of the services. Some of these services include “crisis helplines and shelters, transitional housing, legal support, financial assistance, and health care” (Pajak, et al., 2014, p. 2572). Focusing on the Canadian Criminal Justice System, services that relate to our justice system will be reviewed. This study found that 38% of women who were victims of abuse obtained help from police services or legal services (Pajak, et al., 2014, p. 2573). Pajak et al., (2014, p. 2583) also found that both the police and legal systems were discussed by women more often then any other service and that the general experiences with Criminal Justice System were more often negative (Pajak, et al., 2014, p. 2583).
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