The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms explicitly states that sexual orientation is an unacceptable grounds for discrimination, which signifies that “equality is one of the fundamental legal values on which Canada 's system of law and governance is based” (Craig, 2013, p. 150). While Craig does not contest TWU 's right to exist as a religious educational institution, she states that its proposed law degree program should not be recognized by the Federation because it would be incompatible with the best interests of Canadian citizens (p. 152-153). She insists that a university such as TWU, which openly discriminates against gays and lesbians in both admissions and hiring procedures, could not impart to its students the essential Canadian legal values of “justice, equality, non-discrimination, inclusivity, and anti-oppression” (p. 158).
Were TWU 's religious freedom not guaranteed by British Columbia 's human rights legislation, “its policies would ...
... middle of paper ...
... support in empirical terms” (p. 192). He further claims that this expectation “[confuses] the value of judicial independence with the impossibility of judicial impartiality (p. 192). The same can be said of any legal professionals, and not solely judges. Craig argues that lawyers with degrees from TWU would be incapable of respecting equality rights in light of their education from a university with discriminatory policies. However, there is no such thing as an unbiased lawyer. This is precisely why codes such as that offered by the Bar Association exist, so that the unattainability of neutrality does not prevent ethical practice within the legal profession. If there is no need to question the ethical competence of all lawyers, who are necessarily partial, then Craig 's worry that lawyers from TWU would have particular difficulty respecting human rights is unfounded.
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