Canada Is A Country That Was Built By Immigration Essay

Canada Is A Country That Was Built By Immigration Essay

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Canada is a country that was built by immigration. Every year, thousands of hopeful immigrants come to Canada in order to have a better life. And for some, a better life can be achieved. However, for many others, this is simply not the case. In recent years, the number of visible minority immigrants has increased. And while this country’s ethnic diversity has benefitted from this influx, the economic landscape has shifted in a way to disfavor them. This economic disparity can be found through the income inequality that many immigrants face due to their educational background, low social and cultural capital, and occupational choices. It is these factors that have led to an overqualified work force, higher unemployment rates, and a widening wage gap.
For years, education has been touted as the key towards economic freedom. Each year, thousands of Canadian citizens attend post-secondary institutions with the hopes that they will be employed after graduating. In fact, many studies have shown that university graduates tend to earn more money than high school graduates. However, when someone is educated in a foreign country, this is often not the case. The “value of immigrants’ foreign-acquired schooling is about two-thirds of the value of a similar amount of education for the native-born” (Reitz, 2007, p. 18). This indicates that Canadian employers view credentials obtained from regions outside of North America and Europe as inferior. And this may be due to the fact that many people equate expensive to being of high quality. The top educational institutions in the world are often the most expensive and they are often located in Western countries as they can afford to invest in better education systems. However, many third-world count...


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...usually means less money. However, this problem is much more complicated than working hours.
According to Grant (2009), two-thirds of university-educated immigrants work in occupations that usually required, at most, a college education or apprenticeship. For native-born Canadians, the most skilled university-educated graduates will usually wait to enter the labour force until they get the best job offer. High skilled individuals have higher reservations and wait for a longer period than the least skilled graduates, who tend to choose the first job offer they get. However, immigrants don’t have the luxury of waiting around as their education and experiences tend not to count for much in the Canadian labour market. Although they are highly educated and skilled, they are forced to take the first job offer made available to them, thus giving rise to over qualification.

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