Essay PreviewMore ↓
I. The British Commonwealth of Nations-
The period between the wars brought: Culmination of Canada's growth to independent nationhood within the British Commonwealth. Prime Minister Borden - Included in the Imperial War Cabinet in London. He piloted- the dominions "should be recognized as autonomous nations of an imperial commonwealth." At the end of 1919 the Canadian government acquired
A. Decades of discord
Social labor history, national politics and relations in the empire.
Young people in this era grew up w/out stability (harsh war, unstable economy, and great depression)
1. Post War Recession
1919 Winnipeg General Strike was Canada's most influential labour action. After World War I many Canadian soldiers returned home to find few opportunities, all while companies had enjoyed enormous profits on war contracts. Wages and working conditions were dismal and labour regulations were mostly non-existent.
J. S. Woodsworth of Winnipeg, who had organized their political movement after the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919. Meighen had played a key role in violently suppressing the strikers and this earned him the animosity of organized labour.
Intention of overthrowing Canadian capitalism through a series of crippling general strikes.
Attempted to unionize -workers from both industries went on strike to gain union recognition.
The strike was generally non-violent. The majority of the strikers were reformist, ("revolutionary socialism", which believes that there must be a revolution to fundamentally change a society.) not radical. They wanted to amend the system, not destroy it and build a new one.
1920s - Spiraling expansion of business.
Technical and industrial advances paced the rising standard of living.
II. National Politics
Since the 1911 election, the country had been governed by the Conservatives, first under the leadership of Robert Borden, and then under Arthur Meighen.
Bordon, conservative 1911-20 (Union Government). Conscription means unity.
Meighan (1920-21, Union Government)
MacKenzie King, spirituarlist, liberal, union gov't disbanded, absorbed into conservative part.
Organized labour thereafter was hostile towards the Conservatives, particularly Meighen and Robertson, for their forcefull role in putting down the strike. Combined with high tariffs in the federal budget passed in the same year which farmers disliked, this contributed to the Conservatives' heavy defeat in the 1921 election. Succeeding Liberal government, made sure that the Winnipeg General Strike resulted in much improved working conditions for millions of Canadians. Liberal government under the young leader William Lyon Mackenzie King.
The election was the first in which the majority of Canadian women were allowed to vote.
How to Cite this Page
"Canada between the Wars 1919-1939." 123HelpMe.com. 19 Feb 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Canada between the Wars 1919-1939 I. The British Commonwealth of Nations- The period between the wars brought: Culmination of Canada's growth to independent nationhood within the British Commonwealth. Prime Minister Borden - Included in the Imperial War Cabinet in London. He piloted- the dominions "should be recognized as autonomous nations of an imperial commonwealth." At the end of 1919 the Canadian government acquired A. Decades of discord Issues: Social labor history, national politics and relations in the empire.... [tags: Canada History Canadian]
1222 words (3.5 pages)
- In this world there are many challenges that generations of people have had to face over the many years. In previous generations some of the challenges included WW1, WW2, and the Cold War. What are the greatest challenges facing our generation today (Mark Thomas, 2012). Is it technology competitions, economy prices rising, or natural resources decreasing. The following information will discuss the effects the wars had on the soldiers, family members, and friends and how they dealt with it. It will also discuss the fears of the different challenges my generation will face including the decreasing availability of natural resources.... [tags: technology competitions, wars]
1195 words (3.4 pages)
- ... The country stretches over six time zones. The Canadian flag is made up of red field with a white square in the middle, and in the middle of the entire flag is a single, 11-pointed red maple leaf. The color of red symbolizes the sacrifice during both World Wars, and the white symbolizes the peace, tranquility and neutrality of the country. As for the leaf, it is has been a historical symbol of Canada for centuries, even during the British rule. In the overall domain of Canada is lavished with sovereignty enigma and the beautiful forests.... [tags: United States, Canada, North America]
893 words (2.6 pages)
- It’s difficult to visualize how anyone could describe the 1920’s as anything but extraordinary. It was the decade when Canada really began to change in many ways. Many changes that enable us to live the lives we live today happened during the 1920’s. When you think back to the 20’s, so many things happened that made it roar, including technology, women’s rights, entertainment, and more. “Electricity”─ It’s a word you did not hear often before the 1920’s. With the invention of the hydroelectric dam in the early 1920’s many citizens could now afford electricity in their homes.... [tags: Canada, history, ]
770 words (2.2 pages)
- Cultural Change in Canada Pierre Trudeau stated that English Canada didn't have a culture and he wanted to give it one. He wanted Canada to be a strong country when Canadians of all provinces felt at home in all parts of the country, and when they felt that all Canada belongs to them (Trudeau, 1971) Trudeau encouraged immigration and thought these immigrants will assimilate and strengthen Canada. He wanted Canada to be a society where people were all equal and where they can share some fundamental values based upon freedom.... [tags: Canada]
1515 words (4.3 pages)
- The Wars by Timothy Findley Justification. Defined as the act of justifying something. To serve as an acceptable reason or excuse for our actions, based on actual or believed information. Throughout the history of not only the modern world, but certainly back to the “barest essentials of reason” our species have made decisions that have effectively shaped our world into what it is today. Or have not. The judgments made in the past may also have been relatively insignificant to a larger picture, but would still be important in one persons or a group of people’s day-to-day life.... [tags: Justifying Wars Timothy Findley Essays]
1192 words (3.4 pages)
- Wars and Rumors of Wars Is it possible for a person to study and follow terrorism well enough to predict what is to come in the Middle East, or is this person sent by God to prophecy of what is to come. The books, The Las Jihad, The Last Days, and Ezekiel’s Options have been called, by some, prophetic books; this is because of the author’s bizarre writings. The circumstances the author would write over in these “fictional books” would often come very close to being true events.... [tags: Terrorism Wars Literature]
1492 words (4.3 pages)
- Animal Imagery in Timothy Findley’s The Wars Sigmund Freud once argued that "our species has a volcanic potential to erupt in aggression . . . [and] that we harbour not only positive survival instincts but also a self-destructive 'death instinct', which we usually displace towards others in aggression" (Myers 666). Timothy Findley, born in 1930 in Toronto, Canada, explores our human predilection towards violence in his third novel, The Wars. It is human brutality that initiates the horrors of World War I, the war that takes place in this narrative.... [tags: Timothy Findley Wars Essays]
1465 words (4.2 pages)
- The Outbreak of War in 1939 There were many things that may have cause the inevitable war. One of the first things is the foreign policy of Hitler. Firstly he used to just make it look like he was just putting right the treaty of Versailles but in 1938 when he took over Czechoslovakia and also made a deal with the Soviet Union to split up Poland, Britain and France did not like this and got ready for war. The biggest problem was that Hitler was almost stronger than both of those two countries but they did not have the help of the U.S.A.... [tags: Papers]
603 words (1.7 pages)
- Canada Canada, is the world's second largest country and it is the largest country in the Western Hemisphere. It comprises all of the North American continent north of the United States, with the exclusion of Alaska, Greenland, and the tiny French islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon. Its most easterly point is Cape Spear, Newfoundland and its western limit is Mount St. Elias in the Yukon Territory, near the Alaskan border. The southernmost point is Middle Island, in Lake Erie and the northern tip is Cape Columbia, on Ellesmere Island.... [tags: Geography Canada Expository Essays]
2067 words (5.9 pages)
B. Parliament split
King's Liberals won a majority government Quebec, much of the Maritimes, and a good portion of Ontario.
The Progressive Party won the second largest number of seats, dominating the West, and winning almost a third of the seats in Ontario. Progressive stood for : free trade, farmer's rights, and competition in railways
The Conservatives won only a few fewer seats than the Progressives and formed the official opposition. They also won a good section of Ontario and had some support in the Maritimes and British Columbia.
III. The Empire
Whenever Britain went to war Canada had to follow: i.e. Boar War, WWI. Treaty of Versailles, 1919 has own signatory. What is going on with British the empire at this point?
Cost a lot to keep an empire, financial strain after WWI, Imperialist adventures too costly, and Empire wanted to loosen its grip w/Britain.
1922 Crisis at Chanak, Canada did not want to participate in another British conflict
1926 Balfar Declaration confirmed Declaration of Equality: United Kingdom as well as the dominions
"Autonomous Communities within the British Empire, equal in status, in no way subordinate one to another." however, "united by a common allegiance to the Crown,
Resolutions - confirmed 1931 in the Statute of Westminster. Statue meant - Canadian sovereignty thus had been achieved by a long process of peaceful constitutional evolution, LEGAL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT TO MAKE FOREIGN POLICY. BENCH MARK DATE FOR THE NEWFOUND INDEPENDENT CANADA.
IV. Crisis of Western Capitalism
1929 - Industrial production began to slow significantly. October - stock market crash, unemployment and financial ruin across Canada, as it did elsewhere in the world.
Economic & industrial nations were faltering in Europe after WWI. "Staples" economy in Canada suffered after US. Industrial industry dried up. Candida and US were fare more integrated after WWI. Britain used indirect investment, i.e. Buy stock where US used direct investment, i.e. Buying and moving branch plants' into Cda.
1930 elections, King (defeated)
Conservatives - Richard Bedford Bennett, Responsibility of dealing with the Great Depression. His inability to deal with the crisis, coupled with the severe drought in the prairies, led Canadians to desert the Conservatives.
1935 elections, Liberals back, a position held for 22 years.
Canada's New Deal put the gov't into the driver's seat' Offered: broader farm credit b/c people were leaving the farms, food supply was down, and cities were overpopulated. Minimum wage laws, unemployment and social insurance, natural resources transfers' to the prairie provinces, give them the abilities to attract investments, trust regulations, increase continental trade.
1936 Start of modern welfare state to stimulate growth, preparing roads, bridges, and forestry work.
IV Continuity vs Change
As Cynthia R. Comacchio explains it well in The Infinite Bonds of Family Canada , there is a large social and economical system in Canada. Family bond represents a large portion of why Canadian's reacted the way they did during the post WWI era and why National Policy was not in the peoples' best interest during this period of time.
Prior to WWI Canada created their model citizens through Immigration. There was rural space for farmers, and urban space for the rapid industrialization offered by technology, and factory work available for those that wanted it.
Cultural life was available through the theater. Even though there was the lack of state intervention, and the federal government didn't have a great influence in helping the Canadian family, the people still had the church to help or influence them. The people were mostly content with life.
National Policy created uneven development. Regionalism created a lack of Canadian experience, and unity unraveled. National politics in Canada needed to change both politically and socially. The structure of the country, the breaking down of the infinite bonds of the family, and Canada itself needed a fixed. The people of Canada were not happy with their government and what it represented. As in Two Solitudes Hugh McLennan dealt with 20 years of history. The national and international views of the French and the English, the duality, and separation of language, land, and nationality caused disunity. The rural to urban migration, social inequality, the geographical shield, and the role of religion all represented factors for the idea that WLM King and McQueen shared idealism. They both believed Canadian nationalist could joint together, but saw fascism abroad. Canada had to step up to the plate because problems in the rest of the world; therefore, the agenda for a better Canada between 1919 and 1939 was to become a diplomatic country that could represent and support itself as one, and help maintain peace in the rest of the world as well as their own.