A middle power is a country that uses its influence on issues which are perceived as “minor” in the scale of international politics – often because the great powers are too busy with other incidents1. influential through soft power and multilateralism. Soft power can be defined as having a culture and policies that appeal to other states2. A middle power is also influential because its policies are credible and it is an independent state3. Essentially what this means is that a middle power takes part in international politics (and in doing so, has an influential role) through international organizations and also through multilateral discussions – often during crises. Canada played the role of middle power exceptionally well in the two decades following World War Two by taking part in international organizations and playing an influential role in multilateral discussions.
International organizations such as NATO and the UN are essential not only for global peace, but also as a place where middle powers can exert their influence. It is understandable that since the inception of such organizations that many crises have been averted, resolved, or dealt with in some way thro...
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McKee, Alexander. Vimy Ridge. London: Souvenir P., 1966
McKenzie, Francine, and Margaret MacMillan. Parties Long Estranged: Canada and Australia in the Twentieth Century. Vancouver: UBC, 2003.
Morton, Desmond. A Short History of Canada. Edmonton: Hurtig, 1983.
Pearson, Lester B. Mike; the Memoirs of the Right Honourable Lester B. Pearson. Vol. 1. Toronto: University of Toronto, 1972.
Reford, Robert. Canada and Three Crises. Toronto: Canadian Institute of International Affairs, 1968.
Rudderham, M. A. "Middle Power Pull: Can Middle Powers Use Public Diplomacy to Ameliorate the Image of the West." YCISS. Feb. 2008.
Soward, F. H. "On Becoming and Being a Middle Power: The Canadian Experience." Pacific Historical Review 32.2 (1963): 111-36.
Thordarson, Bruce. Lester Pearson: Diplomat and Politician. Toronto: Oxford UP, 1974.
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