Campylobacter Jejuni Essay

Campylobacter Jejuni Essay

Length: 1623 words (4.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Campylobacter Jejuni is the most common type of food poisoning in the world that is widely distributed among domestic animals. Most Campylobacter cells are curved, S-shaped, or spiral rods that are 0.2 to 0.8 µm wide and 0.5 to 5 µm long. They are non-spore forming and gram negative. They are typically motile with a characteristic corkscrew-like motion by means of “a single polar unsheathed flagellum at one or both ends of the cell” [2]. Cells grow well under microaerophil condition and “have a respiratory and chemoorganotropic type of metabolism” [4]. The optimum atmosphere for C. Jejuni is 85% N2, 10% CO2, and 5% O2 with temperature 30ºC to 37ºC. The natural habitat for Campylobacter is the intestine of birds and warm-blooded animals [2].
Milk is much more than just a drink. It is our first and most basic food that has long been recognized for its essential role in maintaining strong bones, healthy heart and effective immune system. In contrast, there are numerous of food borne illnesses that are associated with the consumption of raw milk. The only way ensure that milk products do not contain harmful bacteria is pasteurization. Unfortunately, not everyone believes in pasteurization. They believe the heating process actually destroys enzyme, promotes unstable blood sugar, damages nutrients and kills beneficial bacteria. The lack of knowledge and understanding about raw milk eventually leads to an increase in the number food-borne illness outbreaks per year. “The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a study showing that states that permit raw milk sales have more than twice as many illness outbreaks as states where raw milk is not sold” [6].
The most recent and largest Campylobacter outbreak associated with...

... middle of paper ...

...bacter. "Campylobacter Outbreak Hits Saratoga Springs Utah – It’s the
Water”. Marler Blog. Marler Clark, May 18 2010. Web. 11 Mar 2012.
(9) P. Bhavsar M.Sc., Swati. "Virulence factors of Campylobacter." The Internet Journal of
Microbiology. Internet Scientific Publication, 2012. Web. 10 Mar 2012. .
(10) Shank, Edwin. "Current Event." Your Family Cow. Your Family Cow Farm, 5 March 2012.
Web. 10 Mar 2012. <>
(11) “Campylobacter Investigation”. Utah County Online. Utah County Health Department,
20 May 2010. Web. 11 Mar 2012.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Campylobacter Infection in Humans Essay

- Campylobacter jejuni, a motile, curved S or spiral shaped Gram negative rod, microaerophilic, is a common cause of human gastrointestinal infection (Garvis et al., 1996). Drinking water may be the common reservoir causing campylobacter infection in human and animals, including wild birds and poultry (Kapperud et al., 2003). Under coocked chicken seems to be linked with a great proportion of campylobacteriosis (Phillips et al., 1997). Poor hygienic conditions and the existence of animals in the house are also responsible for campylobacter infection (Rao et al., 2001)....   [tags: bacteria, diarrhea, children]

Powerful Essays
1164 words (3.3 pages)

Essay Campylobacter Species Kills Infants with Cholera Infantum

- 1. Introduction The Campylobacter species observed in 1886 from Theodor Escherich in the colonic mucus of infants who had died of “cholera infantum,” but they could not be cultured. (Miliotis & Bier 2003) Mc Fadyean and Stockman in 1909 first isolated Campylobacter fetus from aborted sheep fetuses. (Miliotis & Bier 2003) After that observed that the Campylobacter which called (Vibrio fetusovid), caused septic abortion in cattle. (Miliotis & Bier 2003) This pathogen bacterium starts to create problems dysentery in the cattle.( Miliotis & Bier 2003) In 1957 the King examined people which have bloody diarrhea the reason for the disease is the Campylobacter species....   [tags: diarrhea, bacteria, poison]

Powerful Essays
916 words (2.6 pages)

Pathophysiology of Guillian-Barré Syndrome (GBS) Essay examples

- Guillian-Barré Syndrome (GBS) derives from a disorder associated with a Campylobacter jejuni infection. Campylobacter is known with multiple pathologic forms of GBS, including the demyelinating and axonal forms. GBS can cause weakness in the limbs and an absence of reflexes. There is a weakness in proximal and distal, and often, respiratory cases are involved. GBS can lead to paralysis, depending on the virulence. If virulent enough, GBS will affect the respiratory system, which often leads to patients in ventilating machines due to difficulty in breathing....   [tags: axon degeneration, nerves, reflexes]

Powerful Essays
702 words (2 pages)

Essay on Industrial Antibiotics : A Foreign Sounding Ailment With No Cure

- Lucas Rusch Heather Hill 86129/English Comp 1 2 December 2014 Industrial Antibiotics Imagine contracting a foreign sounding ailment with no known cure, so contagious that doctors and Center for Disease Control (CDC) specialists lock you in quarantine with no hope for life. With the recent Ebola outbreak reaching U.S. shores, this is a reality for many Americans. What few know is that this type of medical quarantine has taken place in many U.S. hospitals for years, with little to no media coverage....   [tags: Antibiotic resistance, Bacteria]

Powerful Essays
1145 words (3.3 pages)

Essay on Guillain- Barre Syndrome

- Guillain- Barre Syndrome (GBS) is a rare, but very fatal auto- immune disease that specifically focuses on attacking the myelin sheath that surrounds the peripheral nerves in the human body. There are many different severities of this disease, but without treatment it can not only affect the entire nervous system but eventually shut down the rest of the body. The myelin sheath is a fatty substance that surrounds the axons of the nerves and provides protection. It allows messages to be sent rapidly and accurately to the axons from long distances (Serono, 2010)....   [tags: Medicine]

Powerful Essays
1448 words (4.1 pages)

Essay Common Factors Contributing to Food Poisoning

- Common Factors Contributing to Food Poisoning Food poisoning can be defined as: “An acute (arising suddenly and of short duration) gastroenteritis caused by the ingestion of food.” – Food poisoning is characterized by the following symptoms: · Abdominal Pain · Diarrhoea · With or without vomiting · With or without fever Major problems with food poisoning occur in the very young, the very elderly and those with otherwise reduced immunological defences....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
954 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on Practical Report - Infections of Gastrointestinal Tract

- Introduction :- Many children around the world , especially in third world countries suffer many bacterial infection of the gastrointestinal system as a result of lack of awareness and the spread of the disease in the less attention to hygiene and the environment . In order to explain this word gastrointestinal tract infection , especially the stomach and intestines , it can result from infection by bacteria or virus or other parasites (1) . Some of the causes of inflammation as a result of eating food poisoning , especially meat and eggs ....   [tags: Medical, Case Study, solution]

Powerful Essays
1030 words (2.9 pages)

Guillain-Barre Syndrome Essay

- Guillain-Barre Syndrome Guillain-Barre Syndrome, or acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, is a self-limiting disease characterized by areflexia and acute progressive motor weakness of at least one limb. Other symptoms include motor weakness of the extremities and face, loss or reduction of deep tendon reflexes, decreased sensation throughout the body,ophthalmoplegia, and ataxia. In severe cases respiratory failure and autonomic dysfunction may occur. Respiratory failure results from the demyelination of the phrenic and intercostal nerves....   [tags: Medical Science Scientific Medicine Essays]

Powerful Essays
1649 words (4.7 pages)

Essay about Background Information of Food Borne Illnesses

- Background Information of Food Borne Illnesses Food borne illnesses are occurring world wide with greater frequency than ever before and as a result, food safety is becoming an increasingly important public health issue. Governments all over the world are intensifying their efforts to improve food safety. Food borne illnesses are diseases, usually either infectious or toxic in nature, caused by agents that enter the body through the ingestion of food. "In industrialized countries, the percentage of people suffering from food borne diseases each year has been reported to be up to 30%....   [tags: Food Borne Illnesses Health Essays]

Powerful Essays
1651 words (4.7 pages)

Preventing Foodbourne Illnesses Essay

- 1.0 Introduction Foodborne illnesses pose serious public health threats worldwide. The United States Centre for Disease Control has estimated that 76 million foodborne illnesses occur in the United States each year with upwards of 325 000 people requiring hospitalization as a result (Nyachuba, 2010). The primary pathogens responsible for foodborne infections in the United States are caused by Salmonella spp., Campylobacter, Shigella, Cryptosporidium, and Escherichia coli O157 (Nyachuba, 2010)....   [tags: Food Industry, Consumer Health]

Powerful Essays
3675 words (10.5 pages)