At the beginning of the novel Buck is portrayed as a pampered house-dog who is the head dog at Judge Miller’s place. Judge Miller, Buck’s owner, is portrayed as a wealthy landowner in California. Buck has asserted himself as the alpha male at his home and spends most of his day relaxing at the house. When Buck is not relaxing he likes to engage in exercise, “But he had saved himself by not becoming a mere pampered house-do. Hunting and kindred outdoor delights had kept down the fat.” (19). Although Buck thinks he is not a pampered house dog his forms of wild exercise do not compare to the real struggles of living in the wild. Subsequently he is still an inexperienced house-dog, that wil...
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...n from a house-dog to a survivalist wild dog.
Buck begins the book as a moral house-dog who has not experienced the outside world because he is always on Judge Miller’s land. Then over the course of the novel Buck transforms into a wild dog as a result of being thrown into the Klondike regions of Canada. While in the wild Buck abandons morals in order to survive because in the wild the strongest dogs rules and there is no right or wrong. Through Buck’s transformation the differences between the wilderness and civilization are highlighted. In civilization people abide by the rules and act based on their moral opinions. However in the wild the strongest man will survive while the weak will not thrive. Darwin’s theory of survival of the fittest has a strong relevance in the book because Buck a young strong dog conquers and rules over the older dogs and the weaker ones.
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