Call Of The Wild By Jack London Essay

Call Of The Wild By Jack London Essay

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Jack London’s classic novel, Call of the Wild, published in 1903, has been subject to censorship attempts. The most notable attempts of censorship are centered in Nazi Germany, Italy, Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union. The banning of Call of the Wild in these places has been for varying reasons but the predominant reason behind all the attempts is because of “[Jack London’s] socialist sympathies.”1 However, “violent portrayals [have also] led to the book’s banning”2 in different places other than Nazi Germany, Italy, Yugoslavia, and the Soviet Union.
Jack London, “The Boy Socialist of Oakland,”3 came to be socialist through the different places life took him. London’s journey to socialism starts with a harsh lifestyle. This harsh lifestyle continues to manifest itself into a worse lifestyle until:
On the road, he encountered former labour activists who talked to him about socialism and he began to see that the severe problems besetting the country required a collective response. Returning to his home in Oakland at the age of 19, he entered high school for the first time.
It was at this stage that he obtained a copy of Marx and Engels 's seminal 1847 document The Communist Manifesto. Suddenly, everything that had happened to him made sense. He joined Oakland 's Socialist Labor Party but, noting its middle-class composition, gravitated to the trade union movement. Later, along with the majority of the Oakland SLP, he joined the Socialist Party of Eugene Debs.
Although he had written a few pieces - one, inspired by his few months at sea, won a prize - during these years, it is clear that life itself made him a socialist before it made him a writer.4
London implements his new view of life—“human beings are one and the same despite thei...


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...e novel employs the uniformity of humankind but in The Soviet Union, the book was “confiscated.”21 The purpose was similar to Hitler’s intentions: “in the Jews [Hitler] had an enemy to explain everything imperfect in the world. In this respect Stalin was similar.”22 Stalin would have been unable to have such a large backing for his agenda if London’s novel and similar novels were in circulation. These novels explored an antagonist ideology in regards to Stalin’s and these novels could have easily created stronger opposition.
Novels are censored for many reasons. Jack London’s novel has been the target of censorship for its “violent portrayals”23 and for London’s “socialist sympathies.”24 Violence is always something that parents shelter their kids away from, and the uniformity of humankind is an idea that abusive and persecuting leaders try to keep from their people.

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