Some characteristics in this study are worthy of featuring its strength. One of the strengths is providing a new insight in bystander effect. The study argued that researchers have previously neglected the potential benefit of bystanders and thus, the study provided a new horizon by proving reversed bystander effect through experiment. This allows us to be aware of the fact that someone may be providing help merely due to impression management. This arouses a doubt on whether the one who provides help is genuinely concerning a...
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... (1968). Bystander intervention in emergencies: Diffusion of responsibility. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 8, 377-383.
Fischer, P., Krueger, J., Greitemeyer, T., Kastenmüller, A., Vogrincic, C., Frey, D., Heene, M., Wicher, M., & Kainbacher, M. (2011). The bystander-effect: A meta-analytic review on bystander intervention in dangerous and non-dangerous emergencies. Psychological Bulletin, 137, 517-537.
James, H., & John, R. (2012) .Well being after the Virginia tech mass murder: The relative effectiveness of face-to-face and virtual interactions in providing support to survivors. Traumatology, 18(4): 3-12.
Levine, M., Prosser, A., Evans, D., & Reicher, S. (2005). Identity and emergency intervention: how social group membership and inclusiveness of group boundaries shape helping behavior. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 31(4), 443-453.
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- The bystander effect is a key issue of interest in social psychology. A variety of theories have been suggested by psychologists in an attempt to explain this social phenomenon which describes cases where the presence of others inhibits individuals helping a victim. One such theory suggested is the diffusion of responsibility (Latané & Darley, 1968). This essay will explain, assess and evaluate supporting and disputing evidence before concluding whether the bystander effect is caused by the diffusion of responsibility.... [tags: Bystander effect, Kitty Genovese]
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- Bibb Latané and John Darley, two psychologists, studied the bystander effect during their experimentation after the murder of Kitty Genovese. The Bystander Effect refers to the effect that bystanders have during the intervention of an emergency. Latané and Darley used a series of experiments to look at different aspects of the bystander effect; The series of experiments included smoke, a lady in distress, hand in the till, stolen beer, “children don’t fight like that,” and fit to be tried (Latané & Darley, 1970).... [tags: Bystander effect, Kitty Genovese]
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- Introduction Today a lot of individuals are praised for their bravery and their heroism. A lot of these people risk their lives to save or help others when those are in need. These people can range from firefighters who risked their lives to save innocent people from the 9/11 attack to an ordinary person who helps an old lady to carry her groceries to her house. Even though there are a number of instances when people help others who are in need, such as mentioned above, there are also a number of instances when those same people avoid helping and getting involved, such as; ignoring an old lady who slipped and fell down in the middle of the road, avoiding helping an old man to pick up his cha... [tags: Psychology ]
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- It was chilly dawn on March 13th, 1964 that 28-year-old bar manager Catherine Kitty Genovese was walking home. While she was walking towards her house, a 29-year-old machine operator came out and stabbed her twice in the back. Catherine was frightened and desperately screamed for help. There were 38 citizens who watched the killer stabbing the woman, but no one called the police as they did not want to be involved in the situation. As a result, Catherine died while her urgent cries were unanswered by 38 witnesses (Martin Gansberg, 1964).... [tags: Genovese syndrome, ethics, psychology, society]
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- Bystander effect, (Darley & Latane, 1970) refers to decrease in helping response when there are bystanders around relative to no bystanders. Referring to previous study stating that there are some cases of which group size may promote helping instead of hindering it (Fischer et al., 2011). Researchers then speculate the possibility of positive influences from bystanders by taking public self-awareness into consideration. Researchers proposed that high public self-awareness would reverse the bystander effect in this study with 2 independent variables which are bystander and presence on the forum.... [tags: experiment, research, intervention]
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