1) In your opinion, what causes people to turn a blind eye when they see others in danger?
I think that due to the reactions of others, some people may not want to look foolish by coming to the aid of someone that may be play acting. They may believe that if something serious was truly happening, someone else would definitely have done something about it already. Also, if there are indeed others around, it is common to look to them to gauge their reaction towards the situation. If they are reacting calmly, it creates a sense that there is nothing serious occurring, surely no one could be calm otherwise. Some people may also believe that they are unfit to assist in the situation, that others would be more qualified to successfully help, such as someone of authority, a doctor, perhaps a police officer. However, if everyone assumes that someone more qualified will take care of the situation, there is much less chance of that actually happening. The study that Latane and Darley (1971) proved that the more people present when a crime takes place, the more the bystanders can distance themselves from the responsibility of coming to the victims aid. Oftentimes, when victims call for help, they call to anyone listening, hoping that someone will realize what is happening and come to their aid. In order to increase the chance that someone will intervene, it would be more helpful to look someone in the eyes, and request for their help, so that it places more of the responsibility on their shoulders; at least in their mind. Another option is to give specific instructions to specific people, this cancels out the diffusion of responsibility onto others.
2) Does the indifference of passers-by say something about soc...
... middle of paper ...
...ld have been an indicator that something was awry.
4) What would you have done in this situation?
I would likely be affected by the bystander effect at first, if I saw no one else reacting, I would assume that maybe there really was nothing to worry about. I would most likely check to see if it was a serious situation or not, however. For example, if someone had a gun and was threatening to use it against someone, I would probably be more helpful running to call police rather than try to take on the person physically, that would most likely not help the situation much. I could also yell something at the attacker, such as in the Genovese incident where someone yelled out of their window and scared the attacker off for awhile, giving the chance for Kitty to escape, at least until he came back for a second attack, which had also been ignored by bystanders.
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