Bystander Effect After The Murder Of Kitty Genovese Essay examples

Bystander Effect After The Murder Of Kitty Genovese Essay examples

Length: 1616 words (4.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Bibb Latané and John Darley, two psychologists, studied the bystander effect during their experimentation after the murder of Kitty Genovese. The Bystander Effect refers to the effect that bystanders have during the intervention of an emergency. Latané and Darley used a series of experiments to look at different aspects of the bystander effect; The series of experiments included smoke, a lady in distress, hand in the till, stolen beer, “children don’t fight like that,” and fit to be tried (Latané & Darley, 1970). Latané and Darley asked, “What is the underlying force in mankind toward altruism?” and “what determines in a particular situation whether one person will help another?” Their hypothesis was that “the number of other people present at an emergency may have important effects on whether any individual will intervene” (Latané & Darley, 1970, p. 42). This current article will discuss and critique the original experiment of the Bystander Effect by Latané and Darley, social psychology, and how other research has added to the bystander effect theory.
Latané and Darley set up most of their experiments in a similar fashion. The samples of the participants in the experiments were from Columbia University and were asked by the researchers to be interviewed or placed in an irrelevant study. When the participants were situated in their seats, they were asked to begin filling out forms such as a questionnaire. When the participant began to fill out the forms, the “emergency” experiment was presented to the participant. Each experiment presented different emergencies and variables. For example, one experiment tested a subject to see if he would react to the existence of smoke in a vent (Latané & Darley, 1970, p. 46). The completion...


... middle of paper ...


...arch by other researchers may have been impacted. Critics say that Latané and Darley did not look far enough into demographic influences on their research. However, their research has stemmed many experimental studies and theories. Psychologists today now have a better understanding of how bystanders influence others. The possibilities for future research are highly likely. One possible study that can be looked at today can be how bystanders on social media affect the chances of bullying to their peers. Psychologists can look at how group bullying compares or contrasts with personal bullying. If it weren’t for the unfortunate murder of Kitty Genovese, social psychologists may still be contemplating why witnesses did not intervene and help her escape from her attacker. The Bystander Effect is still an important discovery in the field of psychology and other sciences.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The Kitty Genovese Murder Case

- On March 13, 1964 a woman by the name of Catherine “Kitty” Genovese was coming back to her apartment in Queens, New York at 3:00 a.m. when she was impaled to death by a serial killer. According to the news, the said attack was about 30 minutes long. During the attack, Kitty Genovese screamed for help numerous times. The killer left the scene when the attention of a neighbor was attracted. Ten minutes later, the killer returned to the scene and murdered Genovese. It came to attention that 38 people witnessed the attack and murder, but all thirty-eight failed to report it until after the murder....   [tags: the bystander effect]

Better Essays
2234 words (6.4 pages)

The Bystander Effect On Social Psychology Essay

- The bystander effect is a key issue of interest in social psychology. A variety of theories have been suggested by psychologists in an attempt to explain this social phenomenon which describes cases where the presence of others inhibits individuals helping a victim. One such theory suggested is the diffusion of responsibility (Latané & Darley, 1968). This essay will explain, assess and evaluate supporting and disputing evidence before concluding whether the bystander effect is caused by the diffusion of responsibility....   [tags: Bystander effect, Kitty Genovese]

Better Essays
1809 words (5.2 pages)

Effect Of Bystander Effect On Children Essay

- Bystander effect refers to the instance in which there is an emergency and people witnessing don’t respond when there are others around witnessing the same event. This happens because of pluralistic ignorance which is when people assume that there is nothing wrong because others surrounding them don’t look concerned. Two researchers, Latan and Darley, conducted an experiment to further study the bystander effect. In this experiment, Latan and Darley took multiple college students and one at a time, put them into cubicles....   [tags: Bystander effect, Kitty Genovese, Witness]

Better Essays
1037 words (3 pages)

Who Was Kitty Genovese And Why Is Her Death Still Discussed Through Criminal Justice Studies Today?

- 1. Who was Kitty Genovese and why is her death still discussed in criminal justice studies today. Catherine Genovese also known as Kitty was born in Brooklyn, New York on July 7, 1935. Her parents’ names were Vincent and Rachel Genovese. Kitty was known for the energy and enthusiasm of life. In her school, she was a popular person who enjoyed her English and music classes and was also known as a chatterbox. This young girl was charming and attractive that she was elected between her all girl high school and her graduating class of 712 students as the “Class Cut-Up” in 1953....   [tags: Bystander effect, Kitty Genovese]

Better Essays
917 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on The Bystander Effect Is An Element Of Social Psychology

- The bystander effect is a phenomenon in our society in which people will most likely not help a victim when there are other people around, making you a bystander. One of the most used examples was the case of Kitty Genovese. The New Yorker reported that she was stabbed to death in New York City, and 38 eyewitnesses did not try to help in any way. If people are informed about this social phenomenon then there is a better chance that more people will break this unwritten rule. The course would be largely based off studies already published, starting with the 1968 study based on Kitty Genovese’s murder case, Axel Casian, Esmin Green, Hugo Alfred Tale-Yax and other popular cases where individual...   [tags: Bystander effect, Kitty Genovese]

Better Essays
1041 words (3 pages)

Anomie : Catherine Genovese And The Lack Of Societal Responsibilities Essay

- Anomie: Catherine Genovese and the Lack of Societal Responsibilities Morgan R. Danke Pima Community College Author Note This Paper was prepared for Criminology, AJS 225, taught by Professor Morris. Abstract In 1964 Catherine ‘Kitty’ Genovese was murdered and raped outside of her New York apartment in the early morning hours of 3 a.m. Her case was one that shocked all of America to its very core. The killer and the witnesses to the crime show the start of disassociation within society in the three theories that are applied throughout the following pages: Rational Choice, Anomie and Routine Activity....   [tags: Bystander effect, Kitty Genovese]

Better Essays
1505 words (4.3 pages)

Essay The Kitty Genovese Case Analysis

- The Kitty Genovese case still shocks us to this day even after 50 years of its occurrence. Why is it that he story made the Genovese murder front-page news around the world. Maybe because after the story was published people were shocked at how 38 people saw the crime and did nothing to stop it. On the night of March, 1964 Kitty Genovese was brutally stabbed to death. There are at least three factors that make Kitty Genovese’s murder unforgettable. First, it was a random act without reason. Second, the brutality of the crime, which consisted of three separate attacks where she endured several stab wounds in a period of half an hour....   [tags: Bystander effect, Kitty Genovese, Attack, Ethics]

Better Essays
996 words (2.8 pages)

The bystander effect Essay

- In the early morning hours of March 13, 1964, twenty-eight year old barmaid Catherine "Kitty" Genovese was murdered and raped on the street in Kew Gardens, New York. The incident did not initially receive much attention until Martin Gansberg's infamous article, "Thirty-Eight Who Saw Murder, Didn't Call the Police", was published in the New York Times two weeks later. In reality, only twelve people witnessed the event yet each did nothing to significantly help Genovese until it was too late. The Genovese murder has become the definitive example of the "bystander effect", the social phenomenon in which individuals are less likely to help someone in distress if there are other people present....   [tags: Crime]

Better Essays
1226 words (3.5 pages)

Essay about Apathy And Neglect By J.k. Rowling

- Author, J.K. Rowling once stated, “Indifference and neglect often do much more damage than outright dislike.” Imagine you are waiting to cross a street, a blind man is standing in front of you.The begins to cross the street even though the light has not changed in his favor, he seems to be in no danger until you see a car about a half mile away speeding towards him. Totally unaware of the situation, the man continues walking across the street. As you and many others watch he is hit by the car....   [tags: Bystander effect, Kitty Genovese, Stoicism]

Better Essays
863 words (2.5 pages)

An Analysis Of Robert Frost 's Poem ' Mending Wall ' Essay

- Three Isolated Stories Human contact is considered to be one of the worst elements of life to be deprived of. In nearly all prison systems, isolation is the punishment given to inmates who commit the worst offenses. It shouldn’t come as much of a surprise that such reclusiveness is the theme of many literary works and essays. In one, a man insists a wall be kept up between himself and his neighbor, all because of his father’s mantra. In another, there 's a young woman, murdered brutally in the street, while all of her neighbors watch in horror, but make no move to help....   [tags: Bystander effect, Kitty Genovese, Girl, Woman]

Better Essays
1410 words (4 pages)