Oceania is under control of a Totalitarianism form of government, meaning the government subordinates all aspects of society, and requires complete subservience to the state. The party uses various mechanism of control to maintain complete dominance over society. They maintain such control to an extent where even thinking a disloyal thought against the party is seen as a crime. Their aim was to remove any ability for independent thought.
Surveillance is one of the main elements used to maintain control within Oceania (internal control). The largest facet of surveillance used by The Party is the Telescreen. This was used to monitor the activities in the homes of all citizens, except the ‘proles’, who were not deemed powerful enough to be constantly scrutinized. The Telescreen adopts the idea of the Panopticon, which was introduced my Michel Foucault. It is a circular prison with a large tower in the middle where the prison guards were situated. It was designed so the prison guards could see out, but the prisoners could not see inside the tower. It is a round the clock surveillance machine, in which prisoners could never know when they being surveyed or not. (Orwell, 1949, p.176)"It was terribly dangerous to let your thoughts wander when you were in any public place or within range of a telescreen.” The private sphere of life is completely obliterated. It is an instrument of...
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...a, and breaking his vow to never betray her.
At the end of the novel, Winston comes to realize that he in fact ‘loved Big Brother’, a figurehead which he had despised before being tortured. This torture was so vigorous that the party could make you believe whatever they wanted you to. It was an extreme form of control but effective nonetheless.
The Party utilizes various effective mechanisms of control to maintain loyalty from the citizens and dominance over Oceania. They do this through propaganda, surveillance, instilling fear, rewriting history, maintaining obedience and obliterating independent thought. By making people believe that they will get caught and punished for rebellious actions allows them to regulate any insubordination towards their regime.
Orwell, G., 1949. Nineteen Eighty Four. In Nineteen Eighty Four. London: Penguin Books.
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