Characteristics of the good
Chocolate is a sweet food preparation made of cacao seeds in various forms and flavors. It has large application in the food industry and can be consumed either as a final product or as a flavoring ingredient for a great variety of sweet foods. Its primary ingredient – cacao, is cultivated by many cultures in Mexico and Central America as well as in some countries in West Africa, such as Cote d’Ivoire.
The production of chocolate takes place in several stages. First, the bitter cacao seeds have to be fermented so that their intense bitter taste becomes milder. After fermentation, the beans are dried, cleaned and roasted. The cocoa mass is then obtained, which represents pure chocolate in rough form. When this mass is liquefied, it is transformed into chocolate liquor, which, on the other hand, may be further processed into cocoa solids or cocoa butter. Various chocolate products are produced as a result from different combinations of cocoa solids and cocoa butter as well as from adding other ingredients such as milk, sugar, all sorts of flavors, etc.
Cocoa solids are valuable for their flavanol antioxidants and alkaloids which have physiological effects on the body and influence the levels of serotonin in the body meaning that they simply bring the perception of “happiness”. Chocolate is one of the most popular foods in the world and is applied widely in the food industry.
International Trade of Chocolate
From 2008 to 2012, the exports value (in current prices) of chocolate and other food preparations containing cocoa increased on average by 5.6% to reach its peak of 24.1 bln US$. During the same period, imports showed a similar development with an average increase of 5.5% to amount t...
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“Slavery in the Chocolate Industry”, http://www.foodispower.org/slavery-chocolate/
“The Cocoa Value Chain”, http://coffeemeetscocoa.wordpress.com/2013/02/06/the-cocoa-value-chain/
“Welcome to Bulgaria’s Chocolate Heaven”, http://www.questbg.com/lifestyle/food-a-drink/963-welcome-to-bulgarias-chocolate-heaven.html
“What Is the Chocolate Industry?”, http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-chocolate-industry.htm
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