Principal beliefs and teachings are what guide Buddhists onto a path towards enlightenment. These principal beliefs form the basis towards the reasoning behind the significant practices of Buddhists and are key fundamental ideas which allow adherents to understand the ethical issues of society and be able to make morally right decisions. One of the first teachings of the Buddha are the Four Noble Truths which is taught in all variants of Buddhism. These Noble Truths contain the essence of the Buddha 's teachings and it were these four principles that the Buddha came to understand during his meditation under the bodhi tree. These truths include: the truth of suffering (Dukkha), the truth behind the cause of suffering (Samudāya), the truth of the end of suffering (Nirodha) and the truth of the path leading to the end of suffering (Magga). From these truths, other principal teachings were formed such as The Noble Eightfold Path or Middle Way derived from the Fourth Noble Truth. These teachings are what adherents practise to rid themselves of suffering and attain enlightenment supported by Buddhist scholar Buddhaghosa saying that Nirvana “can...
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...ist community have opened up to the idea of abortion in very specific circumstances. The Dalai Lama is one key Buddhist figure who has said how “abortion, from a Buddhist viewpoint, is an act of killing and is negative, generally speaking. But it depends on the circumstances. … [Where an] abortion should be approved or disapproved according to each circumstance”. This statement by the Dalai Lama premises abortion in the circumstance that if the birth results in the child having a serious medical condition that cause it to suffer and the act of abortion will remove this suffering then the abortion may take place. It is where in conjunction with the teachings of significant people such as the Dalai Lama and the understanding of principal beliefs and teachings a Buddhist adherent is able to make a much more considered decision behind key ethical topics such as abortion.
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