Each of the five cases was appealed to the Supreme Court not by the states, but by the plaintiffs because each case had been defeated in lower courts. Even so, there was some dissent in the lower courts. In South Carolina, judge J. Waties Waring ended his career by stating that segregation in education is, “an evil that must be eradicated (Greenspan, 2014).” He retired in 1952, the same year the Supreme Court consolidated the cases under the name of Brown v Board (Greenspan, 2014).
A unanimous decision was crucial to the success of the decision because, according to Chief Justice, “a dissent would encourage resistance in the South. However, it would seem that the South needed no encouragement for resistance. According to Greenspan (2014), “By early 1964, only about 1 percent of black children in the former Confederacy attended school with whites, and those who did often endured constant harassment. Desegregation efforts would not get going in earnest until the later part of that decade.”
Even today many school systems across the United States from New York to Milwaukee to Lo...
... middle of paper ...
... days, it is doubtful that any child may reasonably be expected to succeed in life if he is denied the opportunity of an education. Such an opportunity, where the state has undertaken to provide it, is a right which must be made available to all on equal terms (Warren, 1954).
The clear language laid out in this opinion is non-accusatory and clearly focused on creating a better society. This is tactful writing on a contentious issue, and it still rings true today. It is now highly doubtful that any child can be expected to succeed without an education. One could even contend success is doubtful unless the education continues beyond high school. This opens a new can of worms: do we have equal opportunity and access to continuing education? We are denying this opportunity to our most vulnerable citizens, and if so, can we reasonably expect them to succeed in life?
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- African Americans are still facing segregation today that was thought to have ended many years ago. Brown v. Board of Education declared the decision of having separate schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional. As Brown v. Board of Education launches its case, we see how it sets the infrastructure to end racial segregation in all public spaces. Today, Brown v. Board of Education has made changes to our educational system and democracy, but hasn’t succeeded to end racial segregation due to the cases still being seen today.... [tags: Brown v. Board of Education]
2324 words (6.6 pages)
- Brown vs. Board of Education Brown vs. Board of Education is one of the most known cases today. It was not just a simple one time case, it lasted for years. It lasted from 1952 to 1954, being officially decided on May 17, 1954. This case took place at Topeka, Kansas at the Board of Education office. The citation number of this case was 347 US 403, docket number 1. Little did the arguers know they would make history and would change everything for the future. The brown v. board of education was not just one court case it was a combination of 5 court cases that was named Brown v.... [tags: Brown v. Board of Education]
1030 words (2.9 pages)
- Brown V. Board of Education (1954) Brown v. Board of Education was a significant case that began many debates and movements across the United States of America. The basis of the argument was that “separate but equal” schools for white and African-American children were unconstitutional. This case was first filed as a class action suit, which took it to court at a state level, but after the jurisdiction was seen as unfair, was then brought to the Supreme Court. This case was supposed to be the beginning of the end of national segregation of colored people.... [tags: Brown v. Board of Education]
1198 words (3.4 pages)
- Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1951-1954), which was originally named after Oliver Brown, was a United States Supreme Court case that overturned Plessy v. Ferguson decision and ended tolerance of racial segregation. The Plessy v. Fergusion decision upheld the constitutionality of segregation under the “separate but equal” doctrine. ***** The Brown v. Board of Education case took on segregation within school systems. Brown v. Board of Education was the name given to five separate court cases that concerned the issue of segregation in public schools.... [tags: Brown v. Board of Education]
1266 words (3.6 pages)
- “We must make the federal government a friendly vigilant defender of the rights and equality of all Americans.” The NAACP addressed this notion in 1947 regarding their civil rights for racial equality in public schools during conservative American angst. Brown v. Board of Education was the famous case in 1954, in which the U.S. Supreme Court declared racial segregation in public schools as unconstitutional. These cases served as crucial steps in ending segregation. Many individuals put their lives in danger in these cases especially African Americans and their attorneys fighting for their equality.... [tags: Brown v. Board of Education]
1208 words (3.5 pages)
- Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas was a milestone in American history, as it began the long process of racial integration, starting with schools. Segregated schools were not equal in quality, so African-American families spearheaded the fight for equality. Brown v. Board stated that public schools must integrate. This court decision created enormous controversy throughout the United States. Without this case, the United States may still be segregated today. Although the Fourteenth Amendment, when adopted in 1868, gave certain rights to blacks, including citizenship, equal protection of law and other freedoms, African-Americans were considered inferior by whites in this country.... [tags: Brown v. Board of Education]
1158 words (3.3 pages)
- Brown vs. Board of education was actually five cases from five different states rolled into one. The states were Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia, Delaware, and the District of Columbia. The reason it was done this way is because the Supreme Court wanted to answer once and for all the question about whether it was possible to have “separate but equal” school systems. Bringing five cases together into one was also done “so that the decision would not smack of being purely a southern one (Greenspan, 2014).” They didn’t want to make this seem like the North imposing its will on the South, they wanted this to be about justice and equality under the law.... [tags: Brown v. Board of Education]
1160 words (3.3 pages)
- Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka was an historic Supreme Court case in 1954. The outcome from this case was the court’s unanimous decision that, in the words of the Warren Court, “separate educational facilitates are inherently unequal”. Furthermore, they declared separate schools to be unconstitutional “we hold that the plaintiffs and others similarly situated for whom the actions have been brought are, by reason of the segregation complained of, deprived of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment”.... [tags: Brown v. Board of Education]
818 words (2.3 pages)
- Before World War II and the Cold War, federal support of public education was “limited” or non-existent. But after these two particular wars and with the launch of Sputnik, federal support of education, in general, expanded. A pivotal turning point in U.S. history and in public education is the famous Supreme Court case Brown vs. Board of Education of 1954. Federal involvement grew with the “desegregation requirements in the Brown vs. Board of Education provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964” (Provenzo, 2009.... [tags: Brown v. Board of Education]
1190 words (3.4 pages)
- Imagine having to walk twelve miles in the snow or ride a bus thirty minutes just to get to school in the morning when there is a school two miles away from your house, how about having to use a textbook that has not been updated for years. That is exactly what it felt like to be an African American child during times of segregation in our country. In this paper I am going to explore the reasons for the Brown v. Board of Education case, the case itself and the affect it had on society then and our society now.... [tags: Brown v. Board of Education]
1589 words (4.5 pages)