Brown vs. Board of Education is one of the most known cases today. It was not just a simple one time case, it lasted for years. It lasted from 1952 to 1954, being officially decided on May 17, 1954. This case took place at Topeka, Kansas at the Board of Education office. The citation number of this case was 347 US 403, docket number 1. Little did the arguers know they would make history and would change everything for the future.
The brown v. board of education was not just one court case it was a combination of 5 court cases that was named Brown v. Board of Education. The main issue in each of the court cases was segregation in public schools. Thurgood Marshall, the NAACP Legal Defense and the Educational Fund handled these cases. In 1952 they came before the US Supreme Court. The court then put all five cases under the name of Brown v. Board of Education. All five Supreme Court cases had the issue of “equal protection clause” form the constitution the fourteenth amendment. During the Brown v. Board of Education case Thurgood Marshall had Kenneth Clark to perform a sociological test on some black children. He would have two dolls on a table a black doll and a white doll, then he would ask “which doll is the pretty on?” or “which one do you wish you were?” The children would answer him by pointing to the white doll for those two questions. This proved Kenneth Clark and Thurgood Marshalls point that black children feel inferior to the white children. In December, 1953 the Supreme Court decided to rehear the case, then a few months before the case was going to be reargued the Chief Justice Fred Vinson died. Earl Warner the governor of California was appointed to be the new Chief Justice.
Brown v. Board...
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...eat hired the NAACP and Education Fund to help with his case. The Supreme Court later sided with Mr. Sweat and he was admitted into the University of Texas (uscourts.gov).McLaurin v. Oklahoma Board of Regents of Higher Education (1950), George McLaurin a black man was admitted into the University of Oklahoma to the doctoral program. McLaurin had to be separated from everyone else because he was black, he thought this was wrong and hired the NAACP and Education Fund. McLaurin sued the school and the case went to the Supreme Court and the court decided that it was “affecting his ability to learn and ordered that they cease immediately (uscourts.gov).” All of these cases had issues of “separate but equal” in the schools, which violates the fourteenth amendment. This was the start of racial issues which led up to the five court cases that are Brown v. Board of Education.
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