The first case of Brown v. Board of Education was the 1951 case Belton v. Gebhart. This was an unusual case because at the time of the litigation, Delaware was one of the seventeen states in the United States with a segregated school system so many were shocked by the courts decisions. This case regarded eight African American parents who requested their children admissions to the “white school” in Claymont, Delaware. Since Delaware law required segregated educational facilities, African Americans in this city had to attend an all black school, Howard High, which was twenty miles away in Wilmington Delaware and inferior to the white school. Both the state court and Delaware Supreme Court ruled in favor of the plaintiffs ordering the students to the white school, saying that the separate school was inferior under the separate but equal doctrine. However, Delaware Supreme Court points at the fact that modification might be available if the school facilities ...
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...dmission to the all white school; however, the Supreme Court later grants an immediate review stating the importance of this case. The Court ruled unanimously in favor of the plaintiffs, saying that racial segregation in public schools is a denial of the due process of law guaranteed by the 5th Amendment.
All five of these cases were crucial in ending racial segregation in public schools. Each case, with the efforts of heroic people, willing to risk their lives for racial equality, pushed the Supreme Court and the United States further towards the end of segregation as a whole. It’s astounds me thinking about how long it took, and all the steps African Americans had to take to in order to receive equality regarding their education. Sadly, even with the removal of segregation in public schools, to this day there still remains segregation in the United States.
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