The Brown V. Board Of Education Essay

The Brown V. Board Of Education Essay

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Introduction
History plays a tremendous role in the present-day. Awareness of one’s history aids in understanding the significance of its effects. The Brown v. Board of Education case is a landmark in the history of the United States society and the judiciary system. It drastically affected education systems, the civil rights movement, and is known as one of the first cases to acknowledge social science results. This Brown v. Board of Education case took place over sixty years ago, and its affects continues to influence many aspects of today’s society, and more specifically today’s education systems. Despite its numerous accolades, it is still argued that Brown v. Board of Education failed to successfully accomplish its goal of desegregating schools, while others view Brown v. Board of Education as a success in most aspects.
Plessy v. Ferguson to Brown v. Board of Education
The Plessy v. Ferguson decision, which stated that separation of blacks and whites were legal as long as the facilities were equal, was overturned by the Brown v. Board of Education ruling. The Plessy v. Ferguson case took place in Louisiana in 1896 when a man who was one-eighth white, Homer Plessy, was arrested for sitting in a white-only car. As a result, he argued to the courts that both his thirteenth and fourteenth amendments right were violent. Unfortunately, John Ferguson, the judge presiding over the case, ruled that separate facilities were legal as long as they were of equal quality.
The Plessy v. Ferguson case which enforced “separate but equal” affected the education system. The NAACP, led by Thurgood Marshall, persuaded the courts to overthrow the Plessy v. Ferguson ruling of 1896, and rule that separate education facilities were unequal u...


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...mber of blacks attending desegregated schools doubled or tripled every year in the early 1960s. The largest increases in desegregation, in absolute numbers, came in Texas, where the state attorney general declared unconstitutional the 197 law that required a referendum before desegregation, and in the border states of Maryland, Delaware, and Kentucky.
Although by 1963 the increased pace of desegregation was unmistakable, only 1.06 percent of southern black students yet attended desegregated schools. In the Deep South states of Georgia and Louisiana, desegregation had yet to expand beyond a few larger cities. In Alabama, South Carolina, East Texas, desegregation had just begin that fall and was also restricted to the largest cities. In Mississippi, it would not commence until the following year. Nowhere in the South has desegregation penetrated far into rural areas.

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