The brown spider monkey or variegated spider monkey (Ateles hybridus) is a critically endangered species of spider monkey from northern Colombia and north-western Venezuela. The taxonomic history of the brown spider monkey has been a bit confusing, as it have been sited to be either a subspecies of either the Geoffroy’s spider monkey and/or the White-fronted spider monkey. They were named such because they often use all four legs as well as their tail to move about in the trees, and when all of their limbs are stretched out they look like spiders. Like all spider monkeys, they have long, slender arms and tails, referred to as prehensile or gripping tails, that allow them to move quickly and gracefully through the forests from branch to branch and tree to tree. Their arms and legs (fore limbs) have hooked-shaped hands and their strong, gripping tail are also an important asset to them assist them in moving throughout the trees, because they have no thumbs, and can almost be called a fifth limb. Their tails have special tips/ends that are hairless, extremely flexible and have special skin grooves which improves grip on tree branches and is adapted to its strictly arboreal lifestyle. Brown spider monkeys live in evergreen, semi deciduous and mangrove forests and very rarely go down to ground level. They live in the upper canopy of the rain forest, which are the highest parts of the trees. The brown spider monkey has brown and/or ...
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... al., eds (2009) (PDF). Primates in Peril: The World's 25 Most Endangered Primates 2008–2010. Illustrated by S.D. Nash. Arlington, VA.: IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group (PSG), International Primatological Society (IPS), and Conservation International (CI). pp. 1–92. ISBN 978-1-934151-34-1.
6. National Geographic - Spider Monkey Ateles
7. Rowe, N. (1996) The Pictorial Guide to the Living Primates. Pogonias Press, Rhode Island.
8. THE BROWN SPIDER MONKEY (ATELESHYBRIDUS)
CONSERVATION PROGRAM 2006-2010
A. Morales Jimenez'" and A. Link'''
'Stuyvestand Town, 6 Oval, App lA, Manhattan, 10009, New York, NY, USA,
'New York University, 'Fundacion Biodiversa Colombia
9. The IUNC Red List of Endangered Species - Ateles fusciceps
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