Bronfenbrenner Bioecological Systems Theory: The Impact on a Child’s Development

Bronfenbrenner Bioecological Systems Theory: The Impact on a Child’s Development

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The birth of a new child usually brings jubilation to the parents. After all of the initial celebrations have ended, and the parents bring the infant home, this is when the child’s development begins. Even before the celebrations begin, the child’s development begins at the fetal stage (Boyd, Johnson, & Bee, 2009). Bronfenbrenner’s Systems theory describes how external environments and individuals affect the development of a child (Boyd, Johnson, & Bee, 2009). The relationships are interconnected among all individuals and their environments (Boyd, Johnson, & Bee, 2009). These environments are referred to as spheres. Bronfenbrenner classified the spheres; starting from the outside as the macrosystem, exosystem, mesosystem, and microsystem (Boyd, Johnson, & Bee, 2009). To illustrate the use of this theory, I will provide examples of past experience and present examples for each sphere.
Macrosystem
The macrosystems’ policies and beliefs are based on a sociological context that affects society as a whole (Boyd, Johnson, & Bee, 2009). This would include cultural norms, customs and policies that are passed on by organizations; such as educational institutions and governments (Sontag, 1996). In the past, I was taught the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms in elementary school. This would be the constitutional rights of any Canadian citizen; such as the freedom of expression, freedom of the press and the right to mobility (Government of Canada, 2011). As Canadian citizens, we were taught early in childhood, that we had fundamental freedoms to express our views publicly without any reprisal at the macrosystem level; schools are told by governments what to teach to the students (Sontag, 1996). Presently, there are new la...


... middle of paper ...


...my personal experiences as a child and how it relates to Bronfenbrenner’s Bioecological System’s Theory.



Works Cited

Boyd, D., Johnson, P., & Bee, H. (2009). Lifespan development (4th Canadian Edition ed.). Toronto: Pearson.
Government of Canada. (2011, May 26). Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Retrieved May 30, 2011, from Government of Canada Department of Justice: http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/Charter/page-1.html#anchorbo-ga:l_I-gb:s_2
Sontag, J. C. (1996). Toward a comprehensive theoretical framework for disability research: Bronfenbrenner revisited. The Journal of Special Education , 30 (3), 319-344.
Swick, K. J., & Williams, R. D. (2006). An analysis of Bronfenbrenner's bio-ecological perspective for early childhood educators: implications for working with families experiencing stress. Early Childhood Education Journal , 33 (5), 371-378.

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