British Influence on Malaysian Vernacular Architecture and Modern Mosques

British Influence on Malaysian Vernacular Architecture and Modern Mosques

Length: 1475 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Positioned across two separate, immediate islands, Malaysia has always been primed for a strong foreign influence through rich international trade. The influences of Hindu India, Christian Europe, and the Islamic Middle East, converged to create a diverse populous. However, Malaysia's exposure also granted vulnerability and eventual colonialism under multiple countries, most notably Great Britain. Through Britain's tenure, Western and Eastern ideology and design fused together to bring fourth major changes that would forever leave a distinctive mark on Malaysian history, design, and culture. This paper presents a comparative analysis of Britain's influence on mosques built during different periods in the Malaysian history and analyzes the changes in the mosque architecture between vernacular, colonial, and modern periods.
Traditional Middle Eastern Mosques, known as hypostyle and originally widespread throughout Malaysia, generally consisted of a minaret1 calling tower, a court yard, domes, flat roofs, and a mihrab2, all constructed from either sand or stone. The heavy weight of the sand and stone was often supported by long rows of slender, embellished columns. As hypostyle Mosques began to dilapidate from the harsh tropical weather in Malaysia, with flat roofs flooding and sand constructed minarets crumbling, Indonesian architecture began to take over. With heavy rainfall and warm sunshine occurring all year round, the design of Indonesian-Malaysian, vernacular architecture mosques reflected most of the characteristics of the traditional and tropical Malay houses. Four major factors including climatic conditions, availability of building materials, craftsmanship and ethnic background influenced design. In response to the tro...


... middle of paper ...


...ons

Community center
Services
Colonial Rule

How when why
Government
Technology impact
Western Culture infusion
Illustrating Colonial impact with evidence in modern malaysia

Sultan Abu Bakar State Mosque

Western Design influences in minaret, etc.
materials
functions
Conclusion

Malaysia's transformation

Britain's influence
Major design changes in mosque
Thesis
Conclusion

When describing and picturing Islam, most rely on the image of white cloaked people trotting hills of sand. However, most Muslims reside by the exotic rain forests and beaches in the islands of South East Asia, a violative and contrasting setting from the Middle East. Malaysia is the most populated country in South East Asia.
Through its history and influence, Colonial mosques should be embraced as historical landmarks and reserve their purpose in Malaysian society.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Analysis of the Malaysian Electoral System Essay example

- According to the Election Commission (EC) of Malaysia (“Process of election”, n.d.), there are six steps for the Electoral process in Malaysia. It consists of the issuance of the writ, nomination of candidates, election campaign, polling, counting of votes and announcement of results. Firstly, a writ to the Returning Officers (RO) will be issued by the Election Committee under the Elections Act 1958 (“The election process - 13th Malaysian”, 2013) after the dissolution of the Parliament or a State Legislative Assembly or in the event of a casual vacancy (“Process of election”, n.d.)....   [tags: malaysia, election commision, malaysian politics]

Powerful Essays
938 words (2.7 pages)

Vernacular architecture Essay

- Mankind has always struggled to seek shelter and was extremely resourceful in providing it. Vernacular architecture is the main result of this most basic human necessity. Vernacular buildings were designed in accordance with certain fundamental principles which included comfort, durability, functionality, aesthetic beauty and affordability. The sustainability in such buildings lies in the fact that they are built to adapt to the regional inhabitants and their needs, and regional conditions, including availability of local materials and building techniques, the climatic conditions and the socio-cultural factors....   [tags: Architecture]

Powerful Essays
1147 words (3.3 pages)

Essay on Vernacular Architecture

- Mongolian Ger For the majority, the region of Mongolia is a high flat landmass with extreme temperature changes, strong winds and low levels of humidity; conditions of a continental climate. This climate brings about great seasonal differences with winter being long and cold while summer is short and warm. The harsh, open terrain of Mongolia is unsheltered from the winds and major storm systems, and as the latitude increases, precipitation is limited to smaller amounts where trees yield to grasslands and treeless plains....   [tags: Architecture]

Powerful Essays
896 words (2.6 pages)

Vernacular Architecture Essay

- Mali is an African country. It is located in the hot desert in West Africa. The capital is Bamako .Mali has different type of Climate: tropical climate in the south and arid climate in the north. Droughts are frequent and the rainfall all over the country is negligible. It has two main seasons, the wet season from June to October and the cool and hot dry season the remainder of the year. We find some species of trees such as the doom palm, the baobab, and leguminous fruit bearing plants. History of Mali is very rich because of its very heterogeneous ethnic groups who did a lot in the past....   [tags: Mali, Dogon, Festival]

Powerful Essays
1116 words (3.2 pages)

Essay about African American Vernacular English ( Aave )

- In December of 1996, the Oakland school board recognized Ebonics or African American Vernacular English (AAVE) to be a legitimate language. Furthermore, Oakland proposed that students should be instructed in Ebonics in order to help transition into speaking and writing in Standard English. This resolution was met with controversy as the opposition views the language as “slang” or “broken English”. Although linguists disagree whether or not Ebonics is its own language or if it is a dialect of English, “All linguists, however, agree that Ebonics cannot correctly be called 'bad English ', 'slang ', 'street talk ', or any of the other labels that suggest that it is deficient or not a full-fle...   [tags: Education, Teacher, Sociolinguistics, Linguistics]

Powerful Essays
1114 words (3.2 pages)

The Malaysian Economy Essay

- 1. Economic Growth 2. Capital Market 3. Technology 4. Security 5. Politics and Development Part A A country’s economic growth is often regarded as the catalyst for stock market growth. Over the years, the stock market in Malaysia has developed into one of the fastest growing markets in the region (Ang 2009). The Malaysian economy ensures that the stock market is well structured as this will stimulate investment opportunities in the long run by recognizing and financing productive projects that leads to economic activity, allocation of capital proficiency and facilitation of exchange of goods and services (Mishkin 1998)....   [tags: market, investment opportunities]

Powerful Essays
1152 words (3.3 pages)

Essay on Malaysian Economic Miracle

- Malaysian Economic Miracle Malaysia is a country with developing economy. It belongs to group of the richest and developed countries among developing countries - to the group of New Industrial Countries. “In 2007, the economy of Malaysia was the 29th largest economy in the world by purchasing power parity with gross domestic product for 2007 was estimated to be $357.9 billion”-(from Wikipedia,free Encyclopedia). Nowadays Malaysia became the world’s largest producer of tin, rubber, and palm oil....   [tags: Economics Malaysia Economy]

Powerful Essays
1644 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on Islamic Mosques

- To God belongs the East and the West, wheresoever you look is the face of God. Qur'an 2:115 Islam has given the world some of the most beautiful things geometry, poetry, art and architecture. From the early sixth century all the way into current times, Islam has brought innovations in math, literature and art. Throughout its history Islamic art was ever changing. Creating new and interesting ways to not only look at the world but the way in which one represents god in all his glory. Islam Began in the Middle East, but their vast empire slowly grew to incorporate Spain, Northern Africa, and India....   [tags: Culture, Arquitecture, Traditions]

Powerful Essays
896 words (2.6 pages)

The Muslim Mosques Essay

- The Muslim Mosques The mosques are the most important centres in any Muslim community. From their Minbar are delivered the khutbah, arguably the most important weekly address regarding Islam, and around them the Muslims congregate and organise their affairs. It is no wonder, therefore, that the mosques have been caught up in significant controversy in Britain because of their important status, both for the Muslims who visit them and for the British government....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
4628 words (13.2 pages)

Malaysian Essay

- Malaysian PROTON'S bonnet badge shows a tiger, but a fish might be more appropriate because the state-backed Malaysian car-maker is going from being the largest resident in the small pond of its protected local market to being a minnow in the deep waters of the global car industry. the state-backed Malaysian car-maker is going from being the largest resident in the small pond of its protected local market to being a minnow in the deep waters of the global car industry Malaysia becomes a richer, more discerning car market with lower trade barriers Southeast asia's economy is growing again, and that has triggered record vehicle sales....   [tags: Business and Management Studies]

Free Essays
1844 words (5.3 pages)