Essay on Britain 's Control Of India

Essay on Britain 's Control Of India

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"Britain was fully in control of India by 1914" How far do you agree? (20)
Britain was not fully in control of India by 1914, this was evident through the social, economic and political systems operating throughout India, and how they were not conformed to British rule. Examples of such were, the religious differences between both Indian society and the British, the caste system, and its influence from religion, and the economical aspects and exports from India.
Religious difference throughout India showed that the British did not have full control by 1914. Whilst Britain had control of India to an extent, they were not fully in control. Throughout India, 80% of the population were Hindu, followed by 13% being Muslim. This showed a clear dominance of a Hindu society. Due to this, it reduced British control as many social traditions were maintained absolutely throughout the time period. However, despite this, Britain was show to have partial control of social constraint throughout India, for example the Hindu tradition of Sati, burning widows, was outlawed by the British. Whilst there were protests toward this outlawing, the law was upheld and maintained. This shows that Britain had some control of Indian society, to an extent, however due to the Hindu dominance in the population, they could not have been fully in control. Furthermore, the extent of British control in society did not go much further than this as the integration of a religious, Hindu society conflicted with the British reign which were predominantly Christians. This was shown as many British Christians tried to preach within India, however this resulted in a negative response as it was seen as an imposition on regular life and they were unwelcome. Moreover, the se...


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...s, India 's economic structure was heavily linked with India 's social construct, and the vast amount of those in a low caste, resulted in a lack of British control over agricultural exports, and the majority of people were working as labourers.
In conclusion, Britain was not fully in control of India by 1914, this is shown through the existence of the caste system, the dominance of certain religions, and the prevalence of agricultural exportation in India. Whilst they did have partial control in some sectors of India, for example the social removal of the sati and the political control of princes, they were not fully in control of the aforementioned sectors. This was due to the sovereignty of religion throughout Indian society as it meant that British control was drastically depleted, due to external interference being seen as an imposition upon traditional life.

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