The first article is “Breastfeeding in Preterm and Term Twins—Maternal Factors
Associated With Early Cessation: A Population-Based Study” by Åsa Östlund, RN, MSc, Maria Nordström, RN, MSc, Fiona Dykes, RM, PhD, and Renée Flacking, RN, PhD. It is describing a study from Sweden that looks at how long both preterm and term twins breastfeed for, and some of the reasons mothers stop breastfeeding before 6 months (Östlund, Nordström, Dykes, & Flacking, 2010). Even though this study is from Sweden, I feel as if the findings can apply to mothers and twins anywhere, including Canada. The statistics given may not be accurate for other countries, but the factors that affect the statistics are still important.
The study contained 695 twins who worn born early, and 962 twins who were born on time (Östlun...
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...of twins can have different eating styles (Bennington, 2011). One may eat more than the other, and one may eat faster than the other. It is important to not let one twin lead the other in feedings (Bennington, 2011). Just because one is hungry, does not mean the other one is. It is a good idea for the mother to maintain a record for the first little while of how long they are feeding, and how much they are voiding (Bennington, 2011). This can make sure that both twins are getting the nutrients that they need.
This article is important because it highlights a lot of information that is pertinent to know before caring for twins who are being breastfed. It is important for nurses to be well informed so that they can educate the mothers. This is important so that the mothers can make an educated decision that is right for her and the twins in regard to their situation.
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- Many people are aware of the concept of premature births, but most people do not know all of the details. It is common for people to be ignorant towards why they happen, if and how they can be prevented, possible surgeries the child could have to face, or even long-term health problems. The complications, unfortunately, do not end there. Depending on the severity, the parents and the child could have a long road ahead of them. The parents will have a constant job of monitoring their child’s health and development.... [tags: Childbirth, Pregnancy, Cervix, Preterm birth]
1478 words (4.2 pages)
- Effect of Maternal Stress During Pregnancy on the Risk for Preterm Birth Today, there are many different reasons that contribute to preterm births. “Multiple pregnancies, vaginal bleeding during pregnancy, and polyhydramnios or oligohydramnios are all associated with an increased in premature delivery” (Lilliecreutz, Laren, Sydsjo, & Josefsson, 2016, p. 2). Typically, these factors are related to preterm pregnancies. In addition, factors such as having high levels of stress during pregnancy can also lead to having preterm births.... [tags: Childbirth, Preterm birth, Pregnancy, Cervix]
733 words (2.1 pages)
- State the results of the research The results of the study by Dale, Bakketeig, and Per Magnus (2016) regarding alcohol consumption among first-time mothers and its effects on preterm birth do not indicate a clear risk reduction for drinking during pregnancy. The surveys issued at gestational week 15 received a 94.9% response rate, with a sample size of 101,769 for the questionnaire and 108,327 from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRM). Collected data was narrowed to a total of 46,252 participants who met the criteria of primiparous women with singleton pregnancies who delivered between week 22 and 43 of gestation.... [tags: Childbirth, Pregnancy, Prenatal development]
702 words (2 pages)
- Conception- After ovulation the Biological mothers egg lives for 12 to 24 hours and must be fertilised in this time in order for a woman to become pregnant. When the egg is released at ovulation, it gets covered in sticky cells and this helps the fallopian tube to catch it. The egg and sperm meet in the fallopian tube where the sperm starts to digest the sticky cells, several sperm attach to the outer shell and the membrane of the egg before one can enter and fertilse. After fertialization has occurred the egg and sperm merge quickly and divide to become an embryo and chemicals are released to stop another sperm from entering.... [tags: Pregnancy, Uterus, Embryo, Parent]
1124 words (3.2 pages)
- Scientists and psychologists everywhere study twins. The argument most commonly studied is nature versus nurture. The focus of this essay, however, is whether or not to separate twins in schools. Some believe the separation is demeaning and traumatic to the twins. The side about to be proved however that is this separation is a necessary step in the individualization of twins. Often, separation sparks the path to individualization. There are two types of twins. One type of twins, called identical twins, is exact clones of each other.... [tags: Identical Twins, Fraternal Twins]
1985 words (5.7 pages)
- Preterm Birth: Preterm birth is defined as a baby who is born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. In 2006, the infant mortality rate in the United States due to prematurity/low birth weight accounted for 17 percent of all infant deaths (M.Bitler & Currie, 2011). It is not only problematic emotionally for the family involved; it is also problematic financially for both the family and the economy. According to the March of Dimes, in 2009 the average medical costs for a preterm baby was more than 10 times higher than when a woman had a healthy full-term infant (Peristats - March of Dimes, 2009).The average costs were $49,033 and $4,551 respectively (Healthy People 2020).The more risk factors that are... [tags: Health, Pregnancy]
1563 words (4.5 pages)
- Research on Preterm Infants Giving birth can be a stressful situation for some parents, especially if the infant is coming earlier than expected. Most parents will worry if this situation will affect their child’s development now and in the future. Researchers have also pondered this question giving them the idea to perform tests on young infants to see if there really is any true effect of having a late preterm baby. Summary The article, Development of exploratory behavior in late preterm infants, explores the idea of late preterm infants developing differently from that of a term infant.... [tags: Childbirth, Preterm birth, Infant]
901 words (2.6 pages)
- ... Many times, the undeveloped portion is stillborn and must be surgically removed for the wellness of the healthier twin. If the less formed twin does survive, it depends entirely on the larger twin to survive. This abnormality is possible when one embryo overtakes the uterus, forcing the other embryo to stop developing completely, or develop slower. Therefore when the twins are born, there will be an asymmetrical pair. The place where these twins unite varies each case. Sometimes the twins will connect just like symmetric conjoined twins in the heart or digestive system.... [tags: identical twins joined in utero]
1795 words (5.1 pages)
- Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes A complication of pregnancy that is often seen in obstetrical triage is premature rupture of membranes, according to Friedman (2013). Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is a condition in which the membranes spontaneously rupture before the onset of active labor. Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is PROM before 37 weeks gestation (Friedman, 2013). According to the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2009), 3% of all pregnancies present with PPROM, including approximately 1/3 of all preterm births.... [tags: pregnancy, fethal chorion]
949 words (2.7 pages)
- Adolescent pregnancy is viewed as a high-risk situation due to the serious health risks that this creates for the mother, the baby, and society at large. Describe various risk factors or precursors to adolescent pregnancy. Research community and state resources devoted in adolescent pregnancy and describe at least two of these resources. Research the teen pregnancy rates for the last 10 years for your state and community. Has this rate increased or decreased. Discuss possible reasons for an increase or decrease.... [tags: Pregnancy, Teenage pregnancy, Childbirth]
772 words (2.2 pages)