Breast Milk Is Enriched With Growth And Immunological Factors Essay

Breast Milk Is Enriched With Growth And Immunological Factors Essay

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Breast milk is enriched with growth and immunological factors, and also macronutrients, and micronutrients. A few examples of growth factors include Neuronal growth factors and Epidermal growth factors. Neuronal growth factors such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial cell-line derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) allow the enhancement of peristalsis, which is the movement of food, and increases the survival and outgrowth of neurons (Ballard and Morrow). Epidermal growth factors is highest in early milk and decreases during the duration of lactation. These factors contribute to the maturation of the intestines, the intestinal microbiota, and the healing of the intestinal lining due to any trauma or illnesses. About 80% of the the immunological factors in early breast milk are breast milk macrophages, which allows the ability of phagocytosis (Ballard and Morrow). Thus, this enhances a child’s body to increase T-Cell activity, suppressing pathogens and foreign objects. Some of the nutrients of milk originate by synthesis in the lactocyte, the milk producing cell, by the diet of the mother, and from the mammary glands itself. In average, breast milk contains 0.9 grams per deciliter of protein, 3.5 grams per deciliter of fat, and 6.7 grams per deciliter of lactose (Ballard and Morrow). Overall, a mother’s breast milk is one of the most nutritional foods an infant will first consume.
According to a study conducted by Andreas Plagemann in 2002, this is stated other wise. Plagemann evaluated 112 offspring of diabetic mothers who have been breastfed and analyzed their body weight and glucose tolerance within the age of two years. The mothers were typically type 1 diabetes or gestational diabetes, contracting diabetes afte...


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...he weight statuses of theses children were quite lower. Similar to the results at 2 years, at 4 years obesity was highly common for children who were introduced to solids at 4 months (19.1 %) compared to children who consumed solids at 4–5 months (12.3 %) or 6 months (13.8 %) (Moss and Yeaton). These percentages indicated that over time, a children’s weight status will fluctuated as they age. At 2 years and at 4 years, children given solid foods at 4 months were less likely to have healthy weight status than those introduced later (Moss and Yeaton). Since the early introduction of solids shows a higher percentage of adipose production, the early introduction of solids in fact increases the chance of obesity, which can eventually lead to more harmful effects as the child ages. Therefore, the immediacy of feeding an infant solids is risky and should not be seen lightly.

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