Cancer begins in individual cells within a tissue that reproduces abnormally as a direct result of genetic changes and in response to an abnormal cause. Abnormal cells arise in the ductal tissue of the breast in ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). This condition may progress to invasive infiltrating ductal carcinoma if the tumor breaks through the lining of the milk ducts and invades the fatty tissue of the breast. In the normal process of development during puberty, the ductal tissue develops in response to the hormone estrogen that is produced by the ovaries. Similarly, the growth of lobular tissue in the breast is stimulated by the hormone progesterone. Tumors that arise in this tissue are called lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). This type of cancer begins in the lobules that produce milk and may progress to infiltrating invasive lobular carcinoma. During the process of development or tissue renewal, cells of the breast may undergo genetic changes that ultimately give...
... middle of paper ...
...on or replication in dividing cells by producing changes in the structure or integrity of the DNA molecule. Unlike radiation, chemotherapy is a systemic form of cancer treatment that is directed at metastatic tumors and cancer cells that may have spread to various sites within the body. Many chemotherapeutic drugs have been used in the treatment of breast cancer and may be administered intravenously, either individually or in combinations, over a period of weeks to months in an attempt to destroy any remaining cancer cells following surgery or radiation. Both radiation and chemotherapy may produce significant side effects, such as anemia, hair loss, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, weight loss, and mouth sores. These side effects occur because radiation and chemotherapeutic drugs target not only cancer cells but also all cells within the body that are actively dividing.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- About 12% of women in the United States will develop breast cancer in their lifetime, more than any other type of cancer (www.breastcancer.org, 2015). Many people lack the knowledge of how breast cancer is developed. Some people think they will not get cancer because they do not smoke cigarettes, but this is not the only cause of cancer developing in the breast. Anyone can get cancer. Everyone is potentially at risk for developing some form of Cancer (American Cancer Society, 2015). Some risk factors cannot be changed such as age, race, and gender.... [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Cancer staging]
948 words (2.7 pages)
- Breast cancer is a disease in which cells in the breast tissue grow and divide without normal control. The continued growth of cells forms a lump or mass called a tumor. Tumors can then be either classified as benign or malignant which influence the regulation of the cell growth on surrounding tissues. Breast cancer is commonly viewed as a single disease, but the disease has variation among tumor size, location in the breast, or presence/absence of estrogen receptors. Incidence of breast cancer globally has risen due to increased urbanization, and life expectancy.... [tags: Breast cancer, Cancer, Breast, Estrogen]
823 words (2.4 pages)
- Receiving a verbal confirmation with a diagnosis of breast cancer can impact a woman in many ways, one of which is her sexuality. A diagnosis of breast cancer for women younger than the age of 45 years may have a greater burden on their sexuality (Trogdon, Ekwueme, Chamiec-Case and Guy, 2016) Part of how a woman identifies with her inner sexuality is with her outer physical appearance. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the anatomy and physiology of breast cancer and how it may affect the patients physical, emotional, or psychological sexual functions, and how treatments or surgeries may create sexual difficulties Breast Cancer Anatomy and Physiology The anatomy of the breast of very c... [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Sexual arousal, Breast]
1081 words (3.1 pages)
- One battle that is not easy to fight, but winning the battle is worth it all is breast cancer. The reason I chose to write about breast cancer is because my aunt who means a lot to me was diagnosed with it a few years ago. Many people hear and discuss about breast, but they do not what it means and why it is important. When a tumor that is malignant is found in the cells in the breast and its spreads through the surrounding tissues in the breast is known as breast cancer. Most women are not usually alert if they have the disease because they do not know how to check for lumps in their breasts.... [tags: Cancer, Chemotherapy, Breast cancer, Breast]
1156 words (3.3 pages)
- Each year, thousands of women die due to breast cancer. Beside skin cancer and lung cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer among American women. According to the Breastcancer.org, about 1 in 8 of U.S women (about 12 %) will develop invasive breast cancer over her lifetime (Breastcancer.org, 2016). In 2015, about 30 percent of American women were diagnosed with breast cancer and in 2016, it is expected an estimated 246,660 new cases of invasive breast cancer to be diagnosed in women in the U.S along with 61,000 new cases of non-invasive breast cancer (Breastcancer.org, 2016).... [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Metastasis, Oncology]
1303 words (3.7 pages)
- Breast cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the breast of women and men. However, breast cancer affects women more than men. It is actually the most common cancer diagnosed in women in the United States (Huether & McCance, 2012). One out of every eight women will be affected by this disease (Huether &McCance, 2012). It kills more women in the United States than any other cancer except lung cancer (Huether &McCance, 2012). Breast cancer, as you are aware, is a very passionate topic for me.... [tags: Breast cancer, Cancer, Cancer staging, Oncology]
1780 words (5.1 pages)
- According to the American Cancer Society, Each year, more than 200,000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer; furthermore Twelve percent of all women will contract the disease, and 3.5% of them will die from breast cancer (American Cancer Society, 2005). There are risk factors that may lead to breast cancer. There are 4 stages of breast cancer and several treatments, although treatments vary from types and stages of breast cancer. Breast cancer is the leading cause of death among women who are 40 to 55 years old (Breast Cancer, 2009).Cancer occurs when cells divide uncontrollably.... [tags: Breast Cancer]
1438 words (4.1 pages)
- Humans are more prone to certain diseases as we age, and one of those diseases is breast cancer. The association we often make between breast cancer and women is prevalent, but we must remember that it affects a small number of the male population as well. Before learning its symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatments, we will look at cancer in its broad picture and specifically breast cancer at the biological level. Cancer is a group of more than 100 different diseases, and it is rooted in different alterations of genes within the human cells.... [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Oncology, Metastasis]
981 words (2.8 pages)
- Asma is 38 years old, married and has 3 boys. She was diagnosed with breast cancer stage II in 2012. She had a lumpectomy, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Initially, Asma was very measured in her responses, and sought clarification of the questions. When I asked her to tell me her story of breast cancer, she was nervous and asked if there is a particular thing I need to know. I told her that I’m interested to know her story with breast cancer before, during and after breast cancer treatment.... [tags: Cancer, Cancer staging, Oncology, Breast cancer]
1978 words (5.7 pages)
- Breast cancer gene: BRCA2 gene I am writing this paper about the BRCA2 gene. I choose this topic because, earlier this year, my friend?s mother died due to breast cancer. That made me gain more interest in trying to know more about carcinogens and other cancer causative agents when I came across the gene of interest. The BRCA2 is known as the Breast Cancer gene found in the species Homo sapiens. The normal function of the BRCA2 gene is to provide instructions for making a protein that acts as a tumor suppressor.... [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, DNA, BRCA1]
1735 words (5 pages)