Breast Cancer At The Biological Level Essay

Breast Cancer At The Biological Level Essay

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Humans are more prone to certain diseases as we age, and one of those diseases is breast cancer. The association we often make between breast cancer and women is prevalent, but we must remember that it affects a small number of the male population as well. Before learning its symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatments, we will look at cancer in its broad picture and specifically breast cancer at the biological level.
Cancer is a group of more than 100 different diseases, and it is rooted in different alterations of genes within the human cells. Abnormal cells divide at an uncontrollable rate and order, then eventually develop into either a benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous) tumor. Different types of breast cancer include ductal carcinoma, lobular carcinoma, infiltration (invasive), and metastatic cancer. Metastatic is when cancerous cells spread to other parts of the body. When cancerous cells enter the lymphatic system via the bloodstream, they could be found in different parts of the body, such as lymph nodes, bones, liver, or lungs (National Cancer Institute, 1998).
One could perform self-exams to look for possible signs of breast cancer, but professional exams will confirm its presence. Changes in appearance and texture of the breast, as well as any irregular discharge, could indicate the disease. Tenderness, pore enlargement, or breast thickening could be signs of tumor development. One side of the breast could swell or shrink without any explanation. The skin of the breast or the nipple could turn red or scaly. Also, one could look for inward nipple shapes and abnormal nipple discharge that is clear or bloody. In most cases, asymmetrical breasts are normal in the human body, thus only under careful inv...

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...2016 Nebraska Comprehensive Cancer Control Program is developed by four major organizations in Nebraska, which make up the Nebraska Breast Cancer Control Partnership Network (NE Breast Cancer Control Partnership Network, n.d.). Last but not least, Nebraska Medicine provides numerous cancer support services such as social work, financial counseling, educational services, psychiatry & psychology consultations, etc (Cancer Support Services, n.d.).
Being a woman raises one’s risk for breast cancer, but the probability of developing the disease in men is not eliminated. When we pay attention to our body and notice its irregular changes, especially near the breast area, we could notify our health providers for further assessment. Having breast cancer might not be pleasant, but with the treatment team and available services, one could partially feel comforted and relieved.

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