Brain Structure and Post Traumatic Brain Injury Essay

Brain Structure and Post Traumatic Brain Injury Essay

Length: 2424 words (6.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) have been shown to have a great impact on several specific structures in the brain of both immediate and long-term damage. Often preoccupation can be focused into the immediate outcomes. The immediate concerns of TBI are without doubt important but this often creates ignorance in terms of the long-term consequences that may follow an individual impacted by TBI into subsequent years. As one will come to recognize, this is of particular concern in terms of children who survive TBI. It was once believed that due to development, children were less vulnerable to TBI in comparison to mature, adult brains but research of childhood TBI has found this conjecture to be false (Beauchamp et al., 2011). As discussed in the article “Lights Out”, research on rats in enriched versus normal stimulating environments, have allowed researchers to presume that enrichment such as classroom education might not actually be encouraging brain growth or dendrites to make connections, post TBI in children (Yeoman, 2004). As a result, the brain may not be able to grow properly during the developmental periods experienced in childhood that are required to be able to be at the expected levels of childhood capacities, such as cognitive function, that a child who has not experienced a TBI would achieve in normal, unaffected development (Yeoman, 2004).
When considering the seriousness of pediatric TBI, one must not forget that the brain is still developing, therefore TBI injuries both immediate and long-term consequences, may pose threats neurologically, psychologically, behaviorally and socially. It is important to note that a “good recovery” is possible as 22% of severe cases, 36% of moderate and 57% of mild TBI experience little...


... middle of paper ...


...M. A., Bigler, E. D., Wilde, E. A., Johnson, J. L., Hunter, J. V., Li, X., Hanten, G., et al. (2008). Morphometric MRI Findings in the Thalamus and Brainstem in Children After Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. Journal of Child Neurology, 23(7), 729-737. doi:10.1177/0883073808314159
Gale, S. D., & Prigatano, G. P. (2010). Deep White Matter Volume Loss and Social Reintegration After Trauatic Brain Injury in Children. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 25(1), 15-22. doi:10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181c39960
Hadhazy, A. (2008, September). Concussions exact toll on football players long after they retire. Retrieved from http://www.ScientificAmerican.com/
Kalat, J.W. (2009). Biological Psychology (10th Ed.). Toronto: Thomson Nelson.
Yeoman, B. (2004). Lights Out. Discover, 68-73.
Roberts, R. J. (2009). Impact on the Brain. Scientific American Mind, 50 - 57.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Traumatic Brain Injury And Its Effects On Speech And Language

- Numerous research studies have been conducted on the topic of traumatic brain injury and its effects on speech and language. Traumatic brain injury, or TBI, is a very common cause of speech and language problems. In fact, it is one of the top causes of speech and language problems following a cardiovascular attack, or stroke. Traumatic brain injuries are more prevalent in children and adolescents. Ciccia states that, “Children and adolescents experience the greatest number of TBI-related emergency room visits of any age group” (p....   [tags: Traumatic brain injury, Concussion, Neurotrauma]

Powerful Essays
1598 words (4.6 pages)

The Social Dysfunctions Of Traumatic Brain Injuries Essay

- The topic that I chose to focus on for this assignment was the social dysfunctions such as; learning and behavior in relation to traumatic brain injuries. I specifically wanted to research this within young adults and children. These traumatic injuries can range from a concussion to cracking one’s skull open during a fall. After reading the articles listed in the reference page, I have learned that those suffering from traumatic brain injury (TBI) have a drastic change in their quality of life. It becomes harder for these children to act the way they are supposed to or learn the way they did prior to the incident (Ryan, N., Catroppa, C., 2016 )....   [tags: Traumatic brain injury, Brain, Injury, Concussion]

Powerful Essays
1074 words (3.1 pages)

Concussion Is A Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Essay examples

- Concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). Mechanism of injury is a direct blow to the head, neck, face, or somewhere to the body causing a biomechanical force to the brain. Symptoms can be grouped into 4 categories: physical, cognitive, emotional, and sleep. Sleep disturbance is common, but most athletes complain of fatigue and sleeping more often. The two most common signs are headache and dizziness. Signs and symptoms usually go away in about ten days. Taking a detailed history is key to assessing a TBI....   [tags: Traumatic brain injury, Concussion]

Powerful Essays
1374 words (3.9 pages)

Correlation Between Post Concussion Symptoms And Neurocognitive Performance

- Today, many contact athletes suffer from a common injury of concussion. The damage can cause serious side effects and permanently damaged. The shock posed by an impulsive force applied directly to the head or elsewhere on the body result in head injury, Which including linear, translational, and rotational forces with translational and rotational forces. The purpose of the study is to evaluate college athlete of type method of evaluation when concussed. The study expands over the years to show the damage or change in the athlete motor or cognitive skills....   [tags: Concussion, Traumatic brain injury, Cognition]

Powerful Essays
1774 words (5.1 pages)

Traumatic Brain Injury Essay example

- Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the result of an external force against the head that causes displacement of the cranial structures, either through impact with an object or through acceleration and deceleration. TBI is not isolated to a single ethnic group, socioeconomic class, or region (Berquist et al., 2009; Jang et al., 2013). In 2002, the United States had the highest incidence of reported TBI cases of any developed country. The incidence of hospital admissions due to closed head injuries in the United States was estimated to be approximately 200 per 100,000 people, and the number of penetrating head injuries was estimated to be 12 per 100,000—approximately 500,000 new cases in total...   [tags: mechanism, injury, brain]

Powerful Essays
1277 words (3.6 pages)

Concussions As A Traumatic Brain Injuries Essay

- In the past ten years, the number of reported concussions has more than doubled. (Meadows 108) Concussions are considered traumatic brain injuries (TBI) and can be brought on by any impact on the head (Brophy). In this season alone, more than 67,000 of the 1.2 million high school football players will be sidelined by concussions but the majority of concussions are seen in girls (Vance A36, Meadows 108). Experts assume that the reason behind the increase of reported concussions is: the players nowadays are bigger, faster, stronger and healthier with new advances in technology (Meadows 108)....   [tags: Traumatic brain injury, Concussion]

Powerful Essays
1097 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on A Traumatic Brain Injury

- A traumatic brain injury (“TBI”) occurs when the brain is somehow injured, rattled, or wounded from an external source of force. The means of acquisition and the severity of TBIs are unique to each patient; therefore, symptoms and rehabilitation can vary greatly depending on the patient’s condition following the incident and how they sustained the injury. The severity of a TBI is generally classified into one of three categories: mild, moderate, or severe, and this type of diagnostic criteria influences how a patient with TBI is treated by medical staff and rehabilitation specialists....   [tags: TBI, brain, rehabilitation]

Powerful Essays
1721 words (4.9 pages)

Microstructural Brain Injury in Post-Concussion Syndrome After Minor Head Injury

- The article Microstructural Brain Injury in Post-Concussion Syndrome After Minor Head Injury, by ****, studied post concussive symptoms relationship with innovative MRI imaging. Mean diffusivity, fractional anisotropy, and the presence of microhaemorrhages were used to indicate micro-structural brain injury in subjects with minor head injuries. Although they experienced symptoms participants’ CT (computed tomography) and normal MR images did not display any irregularities. Participants contained 21 MHI patients and 12 controls that were healthy who were matched to the ages (between the ages 18 to 50), genders, and educational levels of the MHI participants....   [tags: MRI, symptoms, CT]

Powerful Essays
1022 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Traumatic Brain Injury

- Overview Brain injury is the leading cause of death and disability in children and adults from ages 1 to 44. Motor vehicle crashes, sports injuries, or simple falls commonly result in brain injuries, events causing brain injury frequently occur on playgrounds, at work, or in the home. There are two different types of brain injury: traumatic brain injury and non-traumatic brain injury. Traumatic brain injury happens when a force acts rapidly on the head or neck of an individual causing direct physical injury to the brain....   [tags: leading cause of death and disability]

Powerful Essays
1508 words (4.3 pages)

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay example

- There are hundreds of different kinds of psychiatric disorders listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed. (DSM-IV). One of them is called Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Based on the research, post-traumatic disorder usually occurs following the experience or witnessing of life-threatening events such as military combat, natural disasters, terrorist incidents, serious accidents, or violent personal assaults like rape (Harvard Women’s Health Watch, 2005)....   [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]

Powerful Essays
1428 words (4.1 pages)