Problem to be investigated:
Billions of pathways become active in the brain every time someone feels, thinks, or does something. Every time a particular task is practiced, or a particular emotion is felt, these pathways are strengthened and the activity becomes easier to be performed. However, when someone thinks differently, learns a new task, or feels a new emotion, a new pathway begins to develop. The more a new action, thought, or feeling is repeated, the easier it is for it to become second nature. The brain is rewired as old pathways weaken and new connections are formed. We therefore will investigate differences in brain function of elite athletes in comparison to that of novices.
Review of the literature:
The brain continues to reorganize itself throughout life by forming new neural connections. Through the process of neuroplasticity, the neurons in the brain can compensate for injury and modify their activity in response to new conditions or changes in their environment. Undamaged axons sprout new nerve endings to reconnect neurons whose links were damaged in a process called “axonal sprouting,” which allows brain reorganization to occur. Undamaged axons can also grow new nerve endings to connect with other undamaged nerve cells to form neural pathways. By reorganizing and forming new connections between intact neurons, the brain compensates for damage caused by exposure to unfamiliar settings or environments. “Brain plasticity” refers to these structural changes in the neural organization.
The term “plasticity” in neurosciences was first introduced in 1906 by an Italian psychiatrist Ernesto Lugano . During the last decade, there have been numerous studies highlight...
... middle of paper ...
...of signals from hand to brain “not only changes or shuts down the neuronal activity in that micro-region, but also leads to rearrangement of the linkages among the neurons themselves” .
The medial nerve was cut in one experiment, and in a more extreme intervention, the middle finger served by that nerve was amputated. As a result, the corresponding brain area became inactive. However, some months later, that area was remapped in the monkey and “found to respond (light up the MRI image) to stimuli in adjacent areas of the hand served either by the radial or by the ulnar nerve” . The neurons no longer receiving signals from the “medial nerve had been appropriated by the networks responding to signals from the other, still functioning nerves” . In the adult monkey brain, unused neuronal processing capacity was reassigned over a short period of time .
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... Looking for physiological traits and testing for specific genes can also be beneficial for competition itself. Programs that provide such testing have already been implemented in the U.K., Australia, and China (Epstein 49). These have been proven to work with their increase in medal haul during the Olympics. In Australia, prior to the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, the country began a National Talent Search program in which children between the ages of fourteen and sixteen were genetically screened, examined for body size and general athleticism (Epstein 49).... [tags: changes in sports, elite athletes]
1539 words (4.4 pages)
- Over the past few decades, American society has become more and more obsessed on performance outcomes and winning; being declared the best has become most important (Crain, 2004). Winning is often viewed as an all or nothing virtue, whereby greatness is a descriptive term reserved only for those whose names appear at the top of the list (Hanchon, 2011). This evolving mindset communicates to our youth that despite his or her efforts, only the final results matter. For many individuals the ideas of achievement, excellence, and self-worth have become highly dependent upon the perceived outcomes of the competitions or events in which they engage (Hanchon, 2011).... [tags: Athletes ]
2448 words (7 pages)
- College athletes are considered the elite or the best in their own sport among young adults and some will go to any length to be just that. According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, an athlete is defined as "a person who is trained or skilled in exercises, sports, or games requiring physical strength, agility, and stamina ("Athlete 85). If a person is not at his/her best physical strength, agility, and stamina, can they be labeled as an athlete. The health of athletes "has become of increasing concern as a growing subpopulation of athletes is suffering from anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and other disordered eating patterns (Thompson 317).... [tags: Eating disorders, Anorexia nervosa]
1317 words (3.8 pages)
- Every elite athlete makes it look easy. Splashing through the water or striding gracefully down the track making it look effortless. Some people assume they are “naturals,” that their perfect DNA sequence is what has brought them to this level. Others argue that hard work and drive is what has made the difference, separating the elite from the average. These thoughts are the ones that give rise to the age-old nature vs. nurture debate. Countless hours of studies and research has concluded: it’s both.... [tags: gene, dna sequence, ability]
1290 words (3.7 pages)
- Are elite athletes/sports men or women being paid too much if not how are there high salaries justified, if so, why, and how could there money be put to better use. To most people one million dollars a lot of money, to most people one thousand dollars is a lot, but even though it is hard to believe, to some people these figures mean nothing. It is no secret that professional athletes particularly those who play soccer, golf, and race F1 cars make big bucks, but people do not realize to what extent.... [tags: essays research papers]
979 words (2.8 pages)
- The Problem Of Elite Regulation There is a long standing problem in political theory that can be best summed by the Latin phrase “Quis custodiet ipsos custodies?” which roughly translates to “Who will guard the guards themselves?” (Juvenal 347-8). This refers to the idea of any government-like body needing a certain set of rules that dictate how the body can function, thus keeping its members’ supremacy in control. Hence, the problem of elite regulation, in its bare form, is that while a subset of authoritative figures is essential for society to function, it is their very authority that can harm the society that they govern, and thus they need to be delimited in ways that have positive, r... [tags: Confucianism, Confucius, Elite, Sociology]
1743 words (5 pages)
- Contemporary research has confirmed that the pulmonary system may in fact limit VO2max depending on certain circumstances (REFERENCE). Dempsey et al displayed that trained athletes experience arterial O2 desaturation during Maximal work load compared to untrained athletes, due to trained athletes having a higher maximal cardiac output than untrained athletes, therefore leading to a decrease in the transition time of red blood cells being saturated by o2 which will be transported to the capillary.... [tags: Blood, Red blood cell, Heart, Vein]
722 words (2.1 pages)
- One player out of every institutionalized collegiate sport’s team experiences a concussion during the team’s sport season. A concussion is a traumatic brain injury caused by a blow to the head that intervenes with brain functioning. Most concussions occur with athletes that play contact sports. There is no particular treatment for a concussion, but with proper rest and pain medication, an athlete can return to play once their clinician has followed the concussion protocol. However, some clinicians are pressured to return players back to play before time.... [tags: Traumatic brain injury, Concussion, Sex]
700 words (2 pages)
- In order to be considered an elite athlete, you must have the best time, speed, agility and endurance. You must be able to perform above average and you must be able to crush your opponent; after all, there is no such thing as second best. Sadly, this pressure of being the champion is forcing many athletes all over the world to turn to supplements to help them achieve this goal. The problem is, some of these supplements have little research to back them up or are entirely illegal. Thus making the journey for perfection, a very dangerous and treacherous one.... [tags: HIV, hepatitis, blood transfusion]
1518 words (4.3 pages)
- For about a decade, the debate between whether collegiate athletes should be paid while playing has been contemplated. Now, the focus has moved from all sports to two specific areas, football and men’s basketball. Sprouting from many court cases filed against the NCAA to some ugly sandals dealing with the athletes themselves. In the 2010 – 2011 time frame, this controversy really sparked up chatter; eventually leading the current pled for sport reformation. Our student athletes are the ones who are at the expense here stuck in between this large argument.... [tags: ncaa, college sports, student athletes]
1557 words (4.4 pages)
- The Typology Test Indicate I Possess Characteristics From The Enfj And Infj Types
- Personal Statement : Attend Lakeland Community College
- The Giving Tree By Audrey Penn And Disney 's Storybook Collection
- Addiction : The Essential Outline Of The Addiction Process
- My Family Home At The Acres Of Desert Coverage
- Management Theory And Management Science Theory