Historians refer to the period 1759-1763 as the Bourbon Latin America, due to the praised reform activities that took place during this period. These reforms were developed and facilitated by enlightened government leaders and reformers like Jose Patino and Princes of the House of Bourbon. The importance of these reforms has made the earlier periods of Bourbon Latin America and the later periods of Habsburgs rule to be used together. Historical studies in this topic majorly base their interests on the first Bourbons that were slightly involved in the Spanish Succession War that took place in 1702 to1713. Habsburgs’ regime had devastated Spain as a result of the high number of wars and defeats the empire had realized both internally and externally. This country had faced bankruptcy; Spain soldiers even became weak in wars and escaped from the battles. Spain suffered in America from colonization of the English, the Dutch and the French. This enlightenment era and its effects came to be realized in the eve of Spain’s independence from its colonizers. The Bourbons were inspired to create a New Spain using mercantilist policies that were employed by regimes in the early modern world to revive their economies.
Filipe V succeeded in this Succession War, which allowed the Bourbon Monarchy to initiate reforms in effort to centralize Spain’s government; reform country’s financial systems; reinstate and reinforce the country’s military forces. The House of Bourbons had three princes, Filipe V (1700-1746), Ferdinand VI (1746-1759) and Charles III (1759-1788) that worked together to facilitate these reforms that modernized Spain completely. These reforms e...
... middle of paper ...
...restructure their laws and traditions. The whole country became enlightened by spreading around French related materials that influenced other Spanish nationals in the country. Spain began also developing commercial relations with the French that later improved the colonial economical activities that had been initiated earlier through Bourbon’s reforms.
Summary and Conclusion
Bourbons’ monarchy and their reforms agenda greatly transformed the Spanish empire that had been formerly ruined by the Habsburgs’ regime. The country’s structural changes effected imposed increased tensions to the colonies since most of these reforms were targeted at eliminating colonial organizations that had dominated significant positions of the country. These reforms were later reinforced by the ideas borrowed from the French revolution that strengthened the Spain’s independence efforts.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Thesis: The policies instituted under the rule of the Bourbons heightened social tensions between the creoles and pennisulares, and when combined with enlightenment ideas from Europe led to South American Independence led by revolutionary leader Simon Bolivar. I. Introduction: Social Hierarchy that laid the ground for revolution. A. Social hierarchy based on origin and blood. 1. Peninsulares, Creoles , and Mestizos . B. Hierarchy system was very complex. 1. Hard for people to mobilize their social position, and led to social tensions.... [tags: Spanish-America Republics]
2507 words (7.2 pages)
- America has a plethora of achievements to be proud of weather it is marriage equality, our troops, freedom of religion , or even just the fact you can call yourself American. While those are just a few reasons America has made such a name for ourselves. Another reason takes us back a few years to the making of The Declaration of Independence. A document known to many and a huge part to our independence today. Without the knowledge and effort of five important men it would not be here today. Therefore, that brings us to Fourth of July a holiday known to many Americans as a day of freedom and respect to our country.... [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]
721 words (2.1 pages)
- The policy mandates that school reforms and practices should be grounded on “Scientifically Based Research” and employ educators that are “Highly Qualified” (Manna & Petrilli, 2008, p. 63). The “Scientifically Based Research” (SBR) and “Highly Qualified” (HQ) teachers are supposedly, fruits of collaboration between educational researchers and the policy makers. Regretfully, the overuse phrases have become mantras and in the process the real definitions of the words or how they are supposed to be implemented is convoluted.... [tags: Education reform, educational reform]
1544 words (4.4 pages)
- The Agrarian Reform Law Decree 900 was enacted in 1952 under President Jacobo Árbenz’s government. President Árbenz wanted Guatemala’s financial system to grow and he wanted to transform the rural population through land redistribution and by giving them agricultural privileges. However, these ideals for land reform were short-lived; coming to an end with his coup in 1954. This essay will explain what the Agrarian Reform law in Guatemala was as well as what were its effects on landowners and rural hacienda workers, while touching on why the reform failed despite its progressive ideals.... [tags: Land reform, Agrarian reform]
1390 words (4 pages)
- The four main parts of the Declaration of Independence are: the Preamble, the Declaration of Natural Rights, List of Grievances, and Resolution of independence by the united States. The purpose of the Preamble was to kindly state that nature itself calls for separation of people from their country, and that in many times through out history, ties will be broken, and new ones shall be formed. The purpose of the Declaration of Natural Rights is to explain that people have certain inalienable rights which governments should protect.... [tags: The Declaration of Independence]
894 words (2.6 pages)
- Never undervalue the power of words. Nations have been inspired to do extraordinary things through the influence of words. War and peace meetings with enemies and alliances have made decisions that affected many. In the course of the history of our nation, multiple letters and speeches have brought to pass high levels of anger and harmony of its people. Two prime examples of such documents are The Declaration of Independence, written by Thomas Jefferson as a letter to the king of Great Britain, and the Gettysburg Address, written by Abraham Lincoln as a dedicatory speech in an effort to unite the United States of America.... [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]
1397 words (4 pages)
- We Are Created Equal Declaration of Independence of the United States is a political document of the thirteen colonies declaring independence and free of King’s tyranny. Human rights and liberties of American citizens were officially announced to the public for the first time. The sovereignty principle of the Continental Congress was a challenge to the British colonization in North America as well as it affected to other tyrannical monarchies that dominated throughout the European continent. The document was drafted by Thomas Jefferson, Congress edited to produce the final version.... [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]
1229 words (3.5 pages)
- Reasons for Writing the Declaration of Independence Every July 4, Americans celebrate the signing of the Declaration of Independence, but do we really understand why it was written in the first place. The Declaration of Independence, written by Thomas Jefferson and adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776 is by far one of the most important historical documents for the United States of America (Stockdale, 2016). In Jefferson 's words, the Declaration was written, "In order to place before mankind the common sense of the matter in terms as plain and simple as to command their assent." The authors of this document addressed the philosophy of natural rights, compiled a length... [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]
704 words (2 pages)
- The document Declaration of Independence signed July 4, the year 1776 and written by one of the country’s ancestors Thomas Jefferson. It was a time in history that declared independence a manuscript written for this occasion which introduces five separate sections that include the introduction which states it is vital to take action on Britain for the colonies. However, the preamble a popular part articulate “’all men created equal’’ that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights.... [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]
1077 words (3.1 pages)
- Within the context of the period 1847-1947 to what extent was Indian independence primarily the result of the growth of Indian nationalism. The decision to grant independence to India was not the logical culmination of errors in policy, neither was it as a consequence of a mass revolution forcing the British out of India, but rather, the decision was undertaken voluntarily. Patrick French argues that: “The British left India because they lost control over crucial areas of the administration, and lacked the will and the financial or military ability to recover that control”.... [tags: Indian Independence Essays]
3241 words (9.3 pages)
- The Bloody Chainsaw
- Are we Alone In the Universe
- Decision Makeers Use Decision Support Systems to Identify and Solve Problems
- Paratextual Features and Functions: Mapping Amorphis Tales from the Thousand Lakes
- The Interesting, Complex Digestive System
- Hospital Illness of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia