Essay on Borderline Personality Disorder

Essay on Borderline Personality Disorder

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Personality disorders are very defined and recognized in today’s society. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) published by the American Psychiatric Association provides common language and standards to classify mental disorders. The DSM is used by many people in varying disciplines in many other countries. In times past, people with disorders may have been misunderstood, outcast from community, or even persecuted. However, in our current culture the pendulum has swung in the other direction. People are tricky creatures to study due to the complexity and magical way our brain works. Very little is known, even less is understood about how and why we work the way we do.
1. One of the disorders identified in the DSM is Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). BPD was officially termed and recognized in 1980.1 The DSM defines borderline personality disorder (in Axis II Cluster B) as a pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image and affects, as well as marked impulsivity, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by five (or more) of the following: Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment; a pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation; identity disturbance: markedly and persistently unstable self-image or sense of self; impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self-damaging; recurrent suicidal behavior, gestures, threats or self-injuring behavior such as cutting, interfering with the healing of scars or picking at oneself; affective instability due to a marked reactivity of mood; chronic feelings of emptiness; inappropriat...


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...Psychiatry. 1st ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier;2008:chap 39.
13. Agrawal HR, Gunderson J, Holmes BM, Lyons-Ruth K. Attachment Studies with Borderline Patients: A Review. Harvard Review of Psychiatry. 2004;12(2):94–104. doi:10.1080/10673220490447218.
14. Arntz A. Introduction to special issue: cognition and emotion in borderline personality disorder. Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 2005;36(3):167–172.
15. American Psychiatric Association. Consumer & family information: borderline personality disorder. Psychiatric Serv. Dec 2001;52(12):1569–1570.
16. Cleary M, Siegfried N, Walter G. Experience, knowledge and attitudes of mental health staff regarding clients with a borderline personality disorder. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Ophthalmology. 2002;11(3). http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bsc/ano/2002/00000011/00000003/art00007. Retrieved on 27 Feb, 2015.

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