Borderline Personality Disorder and Substance Abuse Essay

Borderline Personality Disorder and Substance Abuse Essay

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This paper will examine the results of four studies: One is a prospective follow-up study, one is a prospective naturalistic study, one is a case control study and the last one is a randomized clinical trial. They are on borderline personality disorder and substance abuse articles by Walter et al. (2009), Zanarini et al. (2010), Gratz & Tull, (2010), and by Linehan, Schmidt III, Dimeff, Craft, Kanter & Comtois, (1999) respectively. The hypotheses, methods and results will be summarized. The future research areas suggested by Walter et al. (2009), Zanarini et al (2010), Gratz & Tull, (2010), and by Linehan et al. (1999) will be discussed along with the value of their studies to the field of psychiatric rehabilitation.
In conducting their study, Walter et al. (2009) examined the risk level of substance use disorders (SUDs) between people who have borderline personality disorder (BPD) and those who had other personality disorders (OPD). They also examined the risk of new onset of SUD between individuals with BPD that is remitted versus non-remitted. The researcher’s hypothesized individuals with BPD would have an increased risk of SUD when compared to those in the OPD group.
Participants in the study were part of an ongoing Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study. The OPD group combined Axis II diagnosis’s of: schizotypal personality disorder (STPD), avoidant personality disorder (AVPD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCPD), Identified are approximately 371 women and 200 men for a total of 571 participants. The participants who had BPD were placed I a group separate from those who had OPD. The BPD group had approximately 15% more men and women then the OPD group. The BPD group was subdivided into tw...


... middle of paper ...


...& Tull, M. T. (2010). The relationship between emotion dysregulation and deliberate self-harm among inpatients with substance use disorders. Cognitive Therapy and Research , 34, 544-553 . doi: 10.1007/s10608-009-9268-4
(Gratz & Tull, 2010)
Linehan, M. M., Schmidt III, H., Dimeff, L. A., Craft, J. C., Kanter, J., & Comtois, K. A. (1999). Dialectical behavior therapyfor patients with borderlinepersonality disorder and drug-dependence. The American Journal on Addictions, 8(4), 279–292.
(Linehan, Schmidt III, Dimeff, Craft, Kanter & Comtois, 1999)
Zanarini, M. C., Frankenbur, F. R., Weingeroff, J. L., Reich, D. B., Fitzmaurice, G. M., & Weiss, R. D. (2010). The course of substance use disorders in patients with borderline personality disorder and axis ii comparison subjects: A 10-year follow-up study. Addiction, 106, 342-348. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03176.x

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