Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder
The symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder symptoms include mood swings with periods of intense depression, irritability, and/or anxiety that can last a few hours up to a few days, inappropriate, intense, and/or uncontrollable anger, impulsive behaviors such as shoplifting and excessive spending, Recurring suicidal threats, non-suicidal self-injurious behaviors like cutting, unstable, intense personal relationships, persistent uncertainty about self-image, long-term goals, friendships, and values, chronic boredom, feelings of emptiness, and frantic efforts to avoid abandonment (NAMI, 2012). Borderline Personality Disorder is also characterized by having stress-related paranoid thoughts or severe dissociative symptoms, such as feeling cut off from oneself, observing oneself from outside the body, or losing touch with reality (Hazlett, Speiset, Goodman, Roy, Carrizal, Wynn, Williams, Romero, Minzenberg, Siever, 2007). Many of these symptoms can have devastating effects on a person 's personal life, career, and family life (NAMI, 2012). To meet a diagnosis of Borderline Personality Disorder under the DSM-V, you must show "a pervasive pattern of instability of in...
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...es self-destructive behaviors, and improves relationships (McMain, Pos, 2007). Schema-focused therapy combines elements of cognitive behavioral therapy with other forms of psychotherapy that focus on reframing schemas (Kellog, Young, 2006). A form of group therapy called Systems Training for Emotional Predictability and Problem Solving (STEPPS), is designed as a relatively brief treatment consisting of 20 two-hour sessions led by an experienced social worker (Blum, St. John, Pfohl, Stuart, McCormick, Allen, Arndt, Black, 2008). Scientists reported that STEPPS can help reduce symptoms and problem behaviors of BPD, relieve symptoms of depression, and improve quality of life (Blum, St. John, Pfohl, Stuart, McCormick, Allen, Arndt, Black, 2008). No medication has been approved the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat Borderline Personality Disorder (Binks, Fenton,
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