Ethiopia was granted rights to Eritrea in 1952 by the United Nations (UN), most likely due to its valiant efforts against the Axis Powers, specifically Italy, during World War II (The World Factbook, 2012). Ethiopia then annexed the smaller country as its province in 1962. Radical opposition to this overthrow of the country’s sovereignty began soon after, with the Eritrean Liberation Movement (ELM) acting as the main force against Ethiopian occupation (Abbink, 2003, p. 408-11).
The ELM engaged in clandestine political activities intended to cultivate resistance to the centralizing policies of the imperial state. The death of the ELM by Ethiopian forces was only the beginning of the conflict; wars between Ethiopia and Eritrea’s guerilla forces have spanned over 30 years as Eritrea attempted to gain independence, joined by Ethiopian guerilla forces that were also fighting against the harsh dictatorships constantly in place (Shah, 2000). ...
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...n, W. (2012, March 16). Eritrea Says Ethiopia Military Raid Marks Decade of Aggression. Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/news/2012-03-16/eritrea-says-ethiopia-military-raid-marks-decade-of-aggression
Foreign & Commonwealth Office (2012). Ethiopia. Foreign & Commonwealth Office. Retrieved from http://www.fco.gov.uk/en/travel-and-living-abroad/travel-advice-by-country/country-profile/sub-saharan-africa/ethiopia/
Lorton, F. (2000). The Ethiopia-Eritrea Conflict: A Fragile Peace. African Security Review, 9 (4), 101-11.
Shah, A. (20 Dec 2000). “Conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea.” Retrieved from http://www.globalissues.org/article/89/conflict-between-ethiopia-and-eritrea
U.S. Department of State (10 November 2011). Background Note: Ethiopia. U.S. Department of State. Retrieved from http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2859.htm
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