My paper will discuss the continuing influence of Booker T. Washington's writings on historically black colleges. While my paper will focus on the ways in which the historically black college continues to adhere to the model provided by Washington, it will also explore the ways in which it diverges from the early Hampton-Tuskegee ideal. According to James D. Anderson in The Education of Blacks in the South, both contemporary observers and later historians have portrayed the white south as taking a monolithic view of black education. However, many secondary schools in the south did not emphasize the kind of industrial education advocated by Washington. In the same manner, the historically black college no longer places the emphasis on vocational training it did at one time. However, there are still advocates for Washington's model although the training under discussion is in technical fields. Washington's influence can also be found in the importance often placed on action in historically black colleges, such as mine, which can undermine attempts on the part of faculty to pursue a life of the mind. At the same time, stimulating new influences emerging from African-American studies are changing and enhancing the campus culture enriching both students and faculty. My paper will conclude by considering the influence of honors programs as well as multi-ethnic and multi-cultural student bodies and faculties on the future directions of the historically black college.
The freedmen and women of the Ante-Bellum South had a thirst and hunger for knowledge known by few; often learning from another freedman who had just learned to read himself, freed...
... middle of paper ...
... bonds to a past and to an American tradition erase all personal feelings of self-aggrandizement and intellectual pride, a place where the self encounters the struggle of America's past, a place where the soul grows deep like the rivers.
Anderson, James D. The Education of Blacks in the South, 1860-1935. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1988.
Du Bois, W. E. B. The Souls of Black Folk. 1903. New York: Penguin Books, 1989.
Sims, Serbrenia J. Diversifying Historically Black Colleges and Universities: A New Higher Education Paradigm. Westport: Greenwood P, 1994.
Washington, Booker T. A Sunday Evening Talk. Tuskegee Institute, Alabama. 15. Jan. 1911.
Washington, Booker T. Up From Slavery. 1901. New York: Doubleday & Co., 1963.
Willie, Charles V., and Edmonds, Ronald R. Black Colleges in America. New York: Teachers College Press, 1978.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Dr. Carter G. Woodson once said, “When you determine what a man shall think you do not have to concern yourself about what he will do. If you make a man feel that he is inferior, you do not have to compel him to accept an inferior status, for he will seek it himself. If you make a man think that he is justly an outcast, you do not have to order him to the back door. He will go without being told; and if there is no back door, his very nature will demand one” (Woodson, 71). Taken from his pivotal work, The Miseducation of the Negro, this quote encompasses a reoccurring theme of socialized inadequacy on an institutional level.... [tags: culture, race, african]
967 words (2.8 pages)
- Black Colleges and Universities Introduction Tests measuring students’ achievement demonstrate that particular groups of students score far below students of other groups. Records indicate that the discrepancy in the academic dominance of certain groups over other groups is strongly associated with socio-economic status, with lower achieving students typically hailing from increased poverty-stricken backgrounds. While poverty is exclusive to no one particular ethnicity, it exists in disproportionately high rates among Hispanic and Black communities and their students.... [tags: Education Educational African American Essays]
3869 words (11.1 pages)
- ... On the opposite side of Washington’s argument for occupational training was W. E. B. Du Bois. Du Bois, who came from Harvard, had higher aspirations than occupational education, “with a conviction that Black life and culture should be a primary topic of Black thought and investigation” (Anderson, n.d. p.1). Considering the value of a general degree in comparison to a technical degree, Du Bois felt that intellectually, blacks can accomplish more than a general manual labor occupation. Throughout the following decades, other black leaders sided with Du Bois instead of Washington’s arguments for short term success plans (Anderson, n.d.).... [tags: segregation, minorities in colleges ]
1187 words (3.4 pages)
- Abstract The days of picking cotton and the hierarchy of slaves are long gone but the colonial mentality of disunity may still exists among African-Americans. Some of the major conflicts that remain at the core of this disunity, include: black on black crime, beauty and self-esteem, and blacks over-representation in the criminal justice system. Although there are many reasons that support these conflicts, one may wonder if the arrival of the social identity of blacks in America is the root cause for the conflicts.... [tags: racism, discrimination, prejudice]
1989 words (5.7 pages)
- Through out history education has been a topic of many concerns. Historically Black Colleges and Universities were established to try and provide freed slaves education they were not able to obtain. For African Americans in the 20th century attending school was a burden. The children had to withstand long walks to get to their designated schools, being denied classes that the white students had in their schools, outdated books and hand me down classroom materials. African Americans all across the United States fought for their kids rights to get a good education, education provided to white only schools.... [tags: African American history]
1952 words (5.6 pages)
- The issue of whether HBCU’s are still needed have been occurring constantly in today’s nation. HBCU’s have been in existence for almost two centuries now. Their principal mission is to educate African Americans, and they have. HBCU’s graduate more than 50% of “African American” professionals and public school teachers. But, HBCU’s have been facing challenges such as their decrease in diversity, financing, and graduate rates which has caused a speculation of their importance in today’s communities.... [tags: higher education for African Americans]
676 words (1.9 pages)
- In the past, Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) were able to increase the number of African Americans in science by producing as many African American scientists as the field would allow (Hines 4). These universities have continued to play a crucial role in assisting America overcome the shortage of scientist who are vital to the economic growth of the country (Suitts 205). Despite a lack of funding and a lack of public interest, these educational institutions continue to produce a large portion of U.S.... [tags: historically black colleges and universities]
4099 words (11.7 pages)
- Since the founding of Cheyney University in 1837, Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) have continually been established to give African-Americans an education as they could not attend other institutions due to segregation laws. HBCUs became more widespread in the 1960s with twenty-seven institutions being established, twenty-four of which still exist today among the 105 institutions. HBCUs play an important role in the education of African-Americans compared to other colleges and universities.... [tags: academic and social adjustment, higher education]
1354 words (3.9 pages)
- ... They historically provided a way for African-Americans to get an education that PWIs didn’t give them, they offer an environment that allows for better peer and faculty relationships, and their entrance requirements allow for African-Americans of poor backgrounds to still receive a quality education. Historically, HBCUs were the only way for African-Americans to receive an education. They The learning environment of HBCUs is important to African-American education because it provides a positive and welcoming environment that is focused on the students’ success.... [tags: segregation, scholarships, slavery]
708 words (2 pages)
- Diversity is a must have when it comes to colleges and universities. Diversity is what separates the good universities from the great universities. Universities that have diversity help out their students more than anyone could imagine. It help students get ready to open up and understand one another on a more personal level. Some students grow up in segregated towns where there is not much diversity, but with the help of diversity from colleges, students will learn to learn and accept one another.... [tags: United States, International Students, Colleges]
1082 words (3.1 pages)