Book Report on Lord Of The Flies

Book Report on Lord Of The Flies

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The novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding is divided up into three sections. The first section is when the boys arrive on the island and everything seems to be perfect. The next section of the book is when the dead parachutists lands on the island and all laws and rules do not seem to apply to the children anymore. The final section of the book is the not so happy ending. The novel starts off as if the children were in paradise, but soon the children lose all sense of what is right and end up turning to complete moral anarchy, making the novel have an unhappy ending.
The novel starts off with a bunch of boys stranded on a tropical island. This is a perfect place for a group of kids to have tons of fun. The kids have no adult supervision and do not have to worry about getting in trouble by adults. "When the little kids land they are delighted to find hat there are no grown-ups about" (Pg. 210, Forester). This shows that they do not worry about getting in trouble, which will later come back to haunt them. The young boys plan on having a fun time on the island and plan on just goofing around. Ralph shows this several time in the first chapter by swimming in a lagoon and standing on his head. "Ralph lolled in the water"(11). All the kids seem to be happy about being together on the island and plan on being rescued soon. The children in the first section of the book still follow the laws and rules that they had before. Jack "The hunter" cannot bring himself to kill a pig in the beginning of the book. "In his first confrontation with a pig, Jack fails, unable to plunge his knife into living flesh, to bear the sight of flowing blood, and unable to do so because he is not yet far enough away from the ‘taboo of the old life’" (246, Mueller). This shows that the kids still do have morals. Another example of the boys still following the laws and rules of society is when “Roger throws stones at Henry, but he throws to miss because ‘round the squatting child was the protection of parents and school and policemen and the law’”(238, Gregor).

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These rules and laws however do not apply much longer to these children. Things start to go down hill when work has to be done and they have to act more like adults to get things done, but most of them do not want to work, and all they do is bicker. This is where the first section ends. Ralph’s heyday is over. The kids had been on this romantic island having nothing but fun, but the fun comes to an end and reality sets in that they need to work but most do not want to work.
In the second section of the novel the kids no longer live by the rules and laws of their old society. This section of the novel starts when the parachutists land on the mountain (238, Gregor). Ralph cried out “If only they could send us something grown-up…a sign or something”(87). Ralph was answered and a dead parachuter landed on the top of the mountain. The kids think that the dead man is the beast they have all been talking about. The leader of the island is now Jack. Jack has all the boys wiled up about killing, he even gets Ralph carried away in the moment a few times. Jack got a lot of kudos for bringing pig food to the group. Now killing a pig is no big deal to Jack, and he no longer hesitates to do it, nor do the rest of the boys. “She squealed and bucked and the air was full of sweat and noise and blood and terror. Roger ran round the heap, prodding with his spear whenever pig flesh appeared. Jack was on top of the sow, stabbing downward with his knife. Roger found a lodgment for his point and began to push till he was leaning with his whole weight. The spear moved forward inch by inch and the terrified squealing became a high-pitched scream. Then Jack found the throat and the hot blood spouted over his hands. The sow collapsed under them and they were heavy and fulfilled upon her” (125). This shows how much Jack and the other boys have changed from when first arriving on the island. They were first afraid of killing a pig, but now they thought it was one of the most fun things to do. The boys do a reenactment of one of the pig hunts, and it gets out of control when they start beating one of the littluns. “An ominous make-believe, a mock hunt in which Robert, one of the younger boys, plays pig, the others encircling hi and jabbing with their spears. The play becomes frenzied with cries of ‘Kill the pig! Cut his throat! Kill the pig! Bash him in!’ An almost dark desire possesses the boys. The terrified Robert emerges alive, but with a wounded rump” (246, Mueller). This shows how out of control the boys are and also shows that none of the old taboo remains. Jack and his hunters really over do it when they kill Simon. “’Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood!’ The blue-white scar was constant, the noise unendurable. Simon was crying out something about a dead man on a hill. ‘Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood! Do him in’”(141). The whole group of boys were caught up in the moment and ended up killing Simon thinking he was the beast. “Simon is murdered not only without compunction but with orgiastic delight”(247, Mueller). The kids had changed greatly from when they first landed on the island. The island is not a pleasant place anymore. The kids are acting like savages killing left and right, making bruit noises and there is no real happiness on the island. This section of the book ends when the parachuter drifts out into the sea, for the parachuter is no longer needed in the story because the “fact of evil has actually been created on the island” through Simon’s death (238, Gregor).
There is not a happy ending to this book. The kids continue to act savage like until end of the book. “It is obvious that this conclusion is not a concession to readers who require a happy ending-only an idiot will suppose that the book ends happily” (231, Peter). The kids still are killing and torturing each other and no order is brought to the island until the naval officer arrives. Jack and others disassemble into their own group. Jacks group beats Ralph and his last few followers one night while asleep and they steal Piggy’s glasses. Then when they go to get Piggy’s glasses back Piggy gets murdered. “The rock struck Piggy a glancing blow from chin to knee…Piggy fell forty feet and landed on his back across that square red rock in the sea. His head opened and stuff came out and turned red” (167). The kids do not stop here; Jack is constantly having kids tortured. This shows how far away they are from their old standard and expectations in society. The boys completely over do it when they try to kill Ralph. They know he is not the beast, but a human and they still try to violently murder him. Ralph is saved when he comes into sight with the naval officer. The kids realized what had become of them when they saw the naval officer. “With the appearance of the naval officer the bloodthirsty hunters are instantly reduced to a group of painted urchins led by ‘a little boy who wore the remains of an extraordinary black cap’” (232, Peter). The boys had gone from a society with high expectations and quickly lost them after being on the island and this disappointed the naval officer. “When the destruction is complete, Mr. Golding suddenly restores ‘the external scene’ to us, not the paradise world of the marooned boys, but our world. The naval officer speaks, we realize with horror, our words, ‘the kid needed a bath, a hair-cut, a nose wipe and a good deal of ointment’” (239, Gregor). This shows how far from the societies norms the kids were. The way these kids behaved on this island was so absurd that there was no possible way for they’re to be a happy ending to this book.
The novel starts off as if the children were in paradise, but soon the children lose all sense of what is right and end up turning to complete moral anarchy. The tropical paradise that these young boys think they have does not last long. The kids gradually lose all of their former standards that they had in civilization. They end up trying to kill one of their fellow boys. Killing and torturing has turned into being the most fun game for them to play. This novel is divided into three sections. The first section is how the kids landed on a romantic island where everything is perfect. The second section is about how the kids have turned to violence and lose the ways of their former society. The third section of this book is how the kids continue to go wrong making the book not have a happy ending. This novel does a great job showing the creation of evil.
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