Book Biography Of Rajiv Gandhi

Book Biography Of Rajiv Gandhi

Length: 1693 words (4.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Rajiv Gandhi, the eldest son of Feroze and Indira Gandhi, was born on August 20, 1944 and the youngest person to become the Prime Minister of India at the age of 40. He was India’s 9th Prime Minister and 3rd among the Gandhi family. He held his position after her mother’s death on October 31, 1984 until he resigned on December 2, 1989 after an election defeat. Though having no relationship to Mahatma Gandhi, his leadership brought substantial influence in India’s external political relationship. And even though his character was questioned in a controversial scandal which was actually served as his political downfall, he remained one of the respected Prime Minister of India.
Rajiv Gandhi belonged to one of the famous political family in India. His grandfather, Jawaharlal Nehru, was an Indian leader of independence and subsequently became the first Indian Prime Minister. Rajiv, together with his younger brother Sanjay, was raised in Delhi and Allahabad. He was educated at an exclusive school for boys at the Doon School and at the Welham Boy’s School then later sought education at a university in United Kingdom, University of London, University of Cambridge, and at the Imperial College London, but none of which had he received any degree. He met his wife, Sonia Maino at Cambridge, and though greatly opposed by Maino’s family they got married at India in 1969.
He began his career as a professional pilot for an Indian Airline even though her mother was India’s Prime Minister in 1966.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Book Biography Of Rajiv Gandhi." 09 Dec 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Rajiv Gandhi's Death Anniversary

- Wednesday, the 21st May of 2014 marks the 23rd death anniversary of the former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. Rajiv Ratna Gandhi (20 August 1944 – 21 May 1991) was the sixth Prime Minister of India, served India from 1984 to 1989. He assumed office after the assassination of his mother, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on 31st October, 1984, the very same day to become the youngest Prime minister of India. Rajiv Gandhi is from a politically influential Nehru–Gandhi family. In 1961 he went to Cambridge to pursue his higher Education and came back to India to join Indian Airlines as a professional pilot while his mother became Prime Minister in 1966....   [tags: sixth prime minister of India]

Research Papers
547 words (1.6 pages)

Film: A Biography of Mohandas Gandhi Essay

- The movie “Gandhi” begins with a very compelling scene with the foreshadowing of Gandhi’s assassination. He is walking with a crowd of people and is greeted by many. This was followed by a scene of thousands mourning his death from all around the world. Later, the movie takes a flashback to a younger Gandhi during his days in South Africa. He is seen on a train and though he is riding with a first-class ticket, he is forced to move to third-class due to him being a minority. He refuses and is thrown off of the train....   [tags: gandhi, non violence, india]

Research Papers
1182 words (3.4 pages)

Biography of Mohandas K. Gandhi Essay

- Biography of Mohandas K. Gandhi In a small, ivory-colored house in Porbandar, on the coast of Kathiawad in western India, Mohandas K. Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869. His parents were Karamchand and Putlibai Gandhi.1 He was small and dark, and looked no different from the millions of other children born in India. Yet this was no ordinary child. He was to fight and over-come a great empire and, without taking to violence, set his country free. He was to be called the "Mahatma", or the "Great Soul".2 Having led his people to freedom, he was to lay down his life for their sake....   [tags: Mohandas Gandhi Essays]

Research Papers
1583 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on Biography of Mahatma Gandhi

- Biography of Mahatma Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2nd 1869, in a town near Bombay. He was born into a family of six children and he was the youngest. His father's profession was an advisor to one of the states in Gujarat province....   [tags: Mohandas Gandhi Essays]

Free Essays
956 words (2.7 pages)

Biography of Mahatma Gandhi Essay

- Biography of Mahatma Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in 1869 in India and was murdered by a fanatic, Hindu Nathuram Godsey. Gandhi was a Hindu as well and he was born in the second cast. Hindus have the belief that everyone is born into a cast. Depending on how well you stick to the religious rules depends on what cast you are in once you get to the next life. If you are true to the faith, you will be in a higher cast. However, if you behave badly you will be dropped a cast....   [tags: Mohandas Gandhi Essays]

Free Essays
666 words (1.9 pages)

Mahandas Gandhi Essay

- The Romantic archetype centers a hero’s journey to change the world for the betterment of humanity. Romantic hero overcomes challenge to help society takes back enlightenment and shares it with society. Mahandas Gandhi is a romantic hero because he tries to change the world for the betterment of liberty. Mahandas Gandhi was born on October 2, 1896 in Porbandar, India. The Gandhis were middle-class, cultured, and deeply religious Hindus. When Gandhi was thirteen, he was married to his wife, Kasturbai....   [tags: Mohandas Gandhi Biography ]

Research Papers
787 words (2.2 pages)

Mohandas Gandhi Essay

- Mohandas Gandhi once said “When I despair, I remember that all through history the ways of truth and love have always won. There have been tyrants, and murderers, and for a time they can seem invincible, but in the end they always fall. Think of it--always.” (Manas). Gandhi was the most well-known spiritual and political leader during India’s independence movement. Born in India, Gandhi spent a large part of his life in South Africa. Taking part in civil-rights activities in South Africa, Gandhi returned to India where he took a major role in the opposition to British rule....   [tags: Mohandas Gandhi Biography ]

Research Papers
1108 words (3.2 pages)

Mohandas Gandhi Essay

- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, the youngest child of his father’s fourth wife. His father was a chief minister of Rajkot, a poor Indian state, and it was here Gandhi began his schooling. Later his father became the chief minister of a more prosperous state with a better school. The Gandhi family belonged to the Vaishya caste of Hindus. Gandhi’s mother was a deeply religious woman who divided her time between her home and the temple. Mohandas Gandhi grew up instilled with religious idea such as nonviolence, the belief that all the universe is eternal, fasting for self purification, mutual tolerance between creeds and sects, and vegetarianism....   [tags: Biography, Mahatma Gandhi Essays]

Research Papers
944 words (2.7 pages)

Mahatma Gandhi's Autobiography Essay

- Gandhi's Autobiography Gandhi's autobiography is in many ways unconventional and certainly not what I expected from such a renown figure in history. Firstly, the book does not cover a large portion if his politically active life, as Gandhi lived for approximately another twenty years after the events he describes. Gandhi wrote this book in the language of Gujarati (to promote the use of Hindi and Gujarati), it has been translated although left unedited in this edition. The subtitle of the book is very appropriate, in that this book is not a 'history' book mapping out the political and social struggles of Gandhi, but rather a self-reflection on his life, told th...   [tags: Mohandas Gandhi Essays]

Research Papers
761 words (2.2 pages)

Mahatma Gandhi Essay

- Mahatma Gandhi Mohandas Gandhi, known as Mahatma Gandhi. Also known as Mahatma the great soul, was the "father of modern India". He originally came from Western India, a city called Porbandar. He was born on 2nd October 1869. Gandhi was on of the youngest of the three sons of Karamchand Gandhi, who was a Prime Minister successively in Porbandar, Rajkot and Vankaner States. Gandhi's mother was Putlibai, Karamchand Gandhi's fourth wife. In 1876 he attended a primary school in Rajkot until the twelfth year....   [tags: Mohandas Gandhi Essays]

Research Papers
997 words (2.8 pages)

He has no interest in politics and never lived with her mother at the Prime Minister’s residence in Delhi. His first child, Rahul, was born in 1970 followed by her daughter, Priyanka in 1972. Although he never exhibit great interest in politics at that time, his brother remained a close advisor and companion to their mother.
After his brother’s death in 1980, Rajiv was pressured to enter politics by Congress politician and his mother. He and his wife relentlessly opposed the idea of entering to politics and they even announced it publicly that he would not replace the vacant seat left by his brother. But to no avail he succumbed to the pressure and accepted a candidacy for a Parliamentary seat. At that time he was criticized by the press, opposition political parties, and the public as they saw a political dynasty was at inevitable.
In February 1981, he was elected at the parliament and became a constituent of Amethi in Uttar Prades. He then became an influential and an important advisor to his mother and became the president of the party youth wing which was the Youth Congress. Being close to the Prime Minister led the people to conceive that he might replace her mother at the proper time.
But fate was not on his mother’s side. On October 31, 1984 her mother was assassinated by her two Sikh bodyguards just as when Rajiv was at the West Bengal. India’s President Zail Singh and top leaders of the Congress reluctantly urged him to become India’s next Prime Minister just within hours of her mother’s death. Her mother’s assassination was related to an involvement in a series of domestic violence involving anti-Sikh riots which was attributed to more than 5,000 deaths and in the so- called “Operation Blue Star”. When Rajiv assumed office, he requested to the President to hold new and fresh elections thereby dissolving the Parliament as his current position was nearly in its final term. As this developed, he then became the President of the Congress.
The result of the election was a landslide victory in favor of the Congress party, owing mostly to the vast sympathy in the wake of his mother’s death. The majority win was the largest marginal victory in India’s political history giving Rajiv an absolute power over the government.
His win was made convincing by the support of the youth sector and by his image projecting a non-corrupt, and machine politics background of a “Mr. Clean”. He revived and rejuvenated enthusiasm and hope amongst his fellowmen.
When Rajiv assumed the position of Prime Minister, he led a direction different from her mother’s socialism and close ties with the USSR. He improved and began bilateral ties with the United States, increased the support needed for the development and advancement of science and technology and its related industries, reduced taxes, import quotas, technological-based industries tariffs such as airlines, computers, and telecommunications. He allowed businesses and individuals to be able to purchase the needed capital, bureaucratic restrictions, and import without having red tape, and consumer goods, thus consequently reducing significantly the License Raj. He also introduced a policy regarding the modernization and expansion of the national and higher programs for education outside India and a founding father of the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya System in 1986.
Rajiv also made an extensive Army and police anti-terrorism campaign in Punjab. He reinstated a state of martial in the area, thus the tourism, civil liberties, and commerce were greatly affected. Control over the militancy was brought over the area and human rights violations by some police officials including the terrorists were addressed. Though the situation in Punjab was under control, it was alleged that the Indian government was conducting arms deal and offering trainings to the LTTE or the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam rebels in opposition to the Government of Sri Lanka. Though allegedly conducting such activities to the rebel, Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi signed the Indo-Sri Lanka peace accord together with the then Sri Lankan President J. R. Jayewardene in July 29, 1987 at Colombo. The following day, he was assaulted publicly while receiving an honor guard by a Sinhalese naval rating in the name of Vijayamunige Rohana de Silva. His government received a major setback when it failed to arbitrate the LTTE rebels and the Government of Sri Lanka. His Sri Lankan policy was considered a failure diplomatically and militarily as the IPKF or the Indian Peace Keeping Force operation cost the death of more than 1100 indian soldiers, almost 5,000 Sri Lankan Tamil lives perished and his relentless effort to force the LTTE to accept the accord was brought into a stalemate.
His good image as an honest politician was implicated by the Bofor scandal which was uncovered by his finance minister Vishwanath Pratap Singh. It pertained to the alleged political and government corruption with consent among the Congress leaders. According to Singh, it involves hundreds of millions of dollars in alleged payoffs by Bofors Swedish Arms Corporation, an Italian businessman, and a Gandhi family correspondent named Ottavio Ouattrocchi in exchange for several Indian contracts. Consequently Singh was relieved from his post and later on from his membership in the Congress. Rajiv Gandhi was also afflicted by the scandal and thorough investigation was conducted by Chitra Subramaniam and Narasimhan Ram of the Hindu newspaper. This made V.P. Singh very popular at that time and was considered as the exposer of the anomalies and corruption of the government. His fame was used by the united opposition parties to form Janata Dal coalition to fight the Congress party in the 1989 elections.
During the 1989 elections, the Congress party suffered a major blow. V.P. Singh, with the support of Indian communists, the Bharatiya Janata Party, and his own Janata Dal Party created a new government placing Rajiv Gandhi in the opposition side. He was still the president of the Congress party and the leader of the Opposition. The collapse of V.P. Singh government in 1990 was allegedly attributed from collaboration of a high- ranking official in Janata Dal party and with Rajiv’s Congress party. Though Chandra Sekhar became the next Prime Minister after the fall of Singh’s government, the support of the ruling coalition was withdrawn and fresh elections were conducted in 1991.
Rajiv Gandhi remained the Congress party president until the 1991 elections and was awarded the Bharat Ratna Posthumously. His last meeting with the public was on May 21, 1991 at the Sriperumbudur. He was assassinated by an LTTE suicide bomber named Thenmuli Rajaratnam or also known by the name of Dhanu while campaigning for a Congress candidate in Tamil Nadu. His widow, Sonia Gandhi replaces her as the Congress leader in 1998 and his son became member of the parliament.
Rajiv Gandhi’s assassination was related to a personal conflict between him and the LTTE leader Prabhakaran towards the deployment of IPKF to Sri Lanka and the alleged conflict against the Tamils. Rajiv at that time was responsible in sending peace keeping Indian troops at Sri Lanka which later turned out a conflict against the LTTE. The investigation turned out that there was no evidence of conspiracy between the Indian government and the LTTE regarding Rajiv’s death and it was proven that the accused and the conspirators of the assassination greatly desired his death though other civilians were also killed. It was concluded that the assassination was not a terrorist activity and the point when it was decided to assassinate Rajiv was not strongly established by the special investigation team, the Indian agency, and the CBI.
The term of Rajiv Gandhi as Prime Minister of India brought some changes in the Country’s external bi-lateral diplomatic relationships, dismantled the governments tariffs, quotas and permit regulations on the economics activities that paved the way for the development and modernization of the telecommunication industry, the advancement of science and technology, and the improvement of the education system. He projected a good image of a non-corrupt, clean and honest politician which revived enthusiasm and hope to his fellowmen. He is also responsible for deploying peace keeping Indian troops in Sri Lanka in an effort to preserve peace against the LTTE and the Sri Lankan government. Through his term as India’s Prime Minister, he made considerable contributions towards peace and development and though being inflicted in the Bofor scam his legacy will be seen through the lives of his fellowmen.


BBC News. Tamil Tiger Regret over Gandhi. Retrieved April 4, 2007, from the BBC News Website:
Sachi Sri Kantha; Pirabhakaran Phenomenon, Lively Comet Imprint,2005;641 pp (chapters 24
to 35, pp.207-352, cover in detail the life and assassination of Rajiv Gandhi)
Return to