The Bombing Of Pan Am Flight 103 Essay

The Bombing Of Pan Am Flight 103 Essay

Length: 1205 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Bombing of PAN AM Flight 103
PAN AM flight 103, taxied down London’s Heathrow airport at approximately 6:04 P.M., on December, 21st, 1988 en-route to New York City (Rosenburg, 2014). With 243 passengers and 16 crew members, “Clipper 103” as it was identified, had no clue they had roughly 38 minutes to live (Rosenburg, 2014). As the crew approached the oceanic portion of the flight the pilot requested permission from the tower to proceed with their journey over the Atlantic Ocean. This was the last time air traffic control would have verbal contact with the aircraft (Ushynskyi, 2009). A midair explosion sent all 259 people on board to a fiery grave. The remnants of the explosion rained down on the unsuspecting town of Lockerbie, Scotland, claiming 11 more lives, and creating a crime scene 845 square miles in area. The residents described it as producing a force similar to that of an earthquake (Federal Bureau of Investigation, n.d.).
Mass disasters, especially acts of terrorism, present unique challenges to the forensic scientist. Disaster sites always present the stress of identifying multiple (and often unrecognizable), victims, and often times encompasses massive areas of land that must be methodically searched for evidence (Federal Bureau of Investigation, n.d.). The case involving Pan Am flight 103 was no exception. The wreckage of the flight was scattered over an area of 845 square miles across Scotland. This presented logistical and jurisdictional issues for investigators. International cooperation was crucial in the successful solving of this case (Federal Bureau of Investigation, n.d.).
The Investigation
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (F.B.I.) along with law enforcement agencies from Germany, Austria,...

... middle of paper ...

...iation and the Aviation Disaster Family Assistance Act. The United States also strengthened its stance on state sponsored terrorism, bringing Libya to its knees through economic sanctions and political isolationism. Libya eventually took responsibility for the attacks and agreed to pay compensation to the families of the victims (Kash, 1994).
Unfortunately, Pan Am Airlines was also brought to justice and found guilty of failing to prevent the bomb from being smuggled onboard. They were charged with wilful misconduct (Ushynskyi, 2009). The bombing would not be the last act of terror witnessed by the world involving aircrafts. The attack on the World Trade Center in 2001, once again forced legislatures to once again form policy to deal with terror, and forensic scientists was again picking up the millions of pieces left behind from the devastation (Birkland, 2004).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Pan American Flight 103 Bombing in 1988 Essay

- Libya and the United States had endured constant tensions throughout the mid- to late-twentieth century because of their conflicting ideas on terrorism. The United States was involved in a bombing on Libya that had an effect towards the Libyan leader. These tensions built up until someone took drastic measures. On December 21, 1988, the Pan American flight 103 was bombed as a result of these long standing tensions between the United States and Libya. On this day in the month of December, the Pan Am flight 103 was bombed mid flight, during its trip from London to New York....   [tags: Libya, Terrorism]

Better Essays
903 words (2.6 pages)

1988 Terrorist Attack on Pan Am Flight 103 Essay

- It has been widely accepted from media depiction of terrorist attacks, that they normally occur in the streets of some Middle Eastern town, within a war-torn over ran village seized by a drug cartel, on a train or discotheque in Europe, or somewhere other than in the sky. As stated within The National Counterterrorism Center: Report on Terrorism (2011), traditional or well know tactics account for some 80% of all attacks, terrorist attacks directed toward airlines or air vehicles are less than 2%....   [tags: Muammar Gaddafi, Libya]

Better Essays
1320 words (3.8 pages)

The Lockerbie Air Disaster: Pan Am 103 Essay

- Terrorism – This is a word that many people are terrified of. When a terrorist attack occurs, people’s daily routines are shattered. Things change instantaneously the moment the bomb goes of. When we think about a terrorist attack that really impacted the world, we immediately think about 9/11. On that day many people were hurt directly and indirectly. People were disorientated and scared. The moment there is change, the world panics. Unfortunately, 9/11 was not the only day where people panicked....   [tags: airplane accidents, catastrophes]

Better Essays
979 words (2.8 pages)

Terrorism - Analysis of Pan Am 103 and the Tokyo Subway Essay

- Lessons from Pan Am 103 and the Tokyo Subway      ABSTRACT: Terrorists were very active long before September 11. This essay reviews the 1988 downing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland and the March 1995 gas attack in the Tokyo subway. The results of these terrorist acts, who carried them out, how they were carried out, and what can be done in the future to prevent such incidents from happening again are all investigated.   On December 21, 1988 the world was shocked as a Boeing 747 Pan American Airlines flight from London's Heathrow Airport to New York City crashed in a fiery ball due to a terrorist-placed bomb in the forward luggage compartment....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]

Free Essays
1780 words (5.1 pages)

Essay on The Children 's Novel Peter Pan

- In the children’s novel Peter Pan by J.M. Barrie, a difficult past of the main character Peter, helped shaped the navigator of Neverland to become the face of youth in more than just a book, but in life. However, this fame came with the realization that Peter has problems that stem from his past that truly make him the eternal boy. Through this, many have related his actions to problems of children today that concern how one copes without having love. Like some children, Peter spent most of his entire life without maternal love, which was broken after seeing his mother with another child while looking through a window....   [tags: J. M. Barrie, Peter Pan, Neverland]

Better Essays
1743 words (5 pages)

Peter Pan, Belle, And Mulan Essay

- Once Upon a Time is a television series aired on ABC, a company owned by Disney’s conglomerate. With this said, it is important to acknowledge Disney’s own adaptation of Disney characters into a series. Once Upon a Time mentions various Disney characters; however, for the purpose of this assignment I will focus on three characters and their origination, to analyze and contrast to this adaptation. The characters to be analyzed are Peter Pan, Belle, and Mulan. While analyzing these characters, we’ll visualize how each character’s personality changes, as the medium of adaptation changes....   [tags: J. M. Barrie, Peter Pan, Neverland, Peter Pan]

Better Essays
1077 words (3.1 pages)

Arthur Machen’s The Great God Pan Essay

- In “The Great God Pan” (1894) Machen uses ancient Greek god Pan to serve as a symbol of spiritual reality that lies beyond human perception and knowledge. Machen’s use of this divine entity and his success in rediscovering a minor figure of the classical pantheon, yet “mostly neglected by earlier authors of English literature” (Pasi 69), provide what Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari argue to be the significant value of a minor author, “…by using a number of minority elements, by connecting, conjugating them, one invents a specific, unforeseen, autonomous becoming” (106)....   [tags: The Great God Pan Essays]

Better Essays
3409 words (9.7 pages)

The Oklahoma City Bombing Analysis Essay

- On April 19, 1995, one hundred sixty-eight people were killed including nineteen children. Three hundred twenty-four other buildings within a sixteen block radius were also severely damaged because of a lack of national security. At 9:03 a.m., a Ryder truck arrived just outside of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City. A bomb made with a deadly cocktail of agricultural fertilizer, diesel fuel, and ammonium nitrate had been planted in the back of the truck and was set to detonate in a short time....   [tags: oklahoma city, bombing, government security]

Better Essays
887 words (2.5 pages)

Flight Syndrome Essay

- Upon seeing this discussion question, the first thing that came to mind was the force continuum, which dictates the level of response in an event. This can be presented in different ways, such as a simple graph, or as a perpetual flow chart. The force continuum is broken down into six levels. Each level is designed to be flexible, as the need for force changes, and the situation develops. Starting with level one being simple officer presence, followed by verbal commands, which is level two, level three begins open hand, non-weapon to stop aggression....   [tags: Force Continuum, Flight Reflex]

Free Essays
445 words (1.3 pages)

Peter Pan Essay example

- I suddenly, and quite strangely, have found myself conflicted about Peter Pan. I thought I knew the story, believed I was familiar with it. My Mother has used the term "Peter Pan Syndrome" to describe nearly every young member of our family at one time or another. It means you never want to grow up, just like the boy in Walt Disney’s animation. Peter wants to play in Never Land forever and avoid responsibility while careening through the air amid pirates and redskins and a strange yet hopeful band of "Lost Boys." It was all so much fun, and I could never figure out why Wendy and her brothers decided to return home....   [tags: Reflective Peter Pan Analysis]

Free Essays
1243 words (3.6 pages)