Essay about Boko Haram : A Doctrine Of Uninhibited Warfare

Essay about Boko Haram : A Doctrine Of Uninhibited Warfare

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The Boko Haram was established in 2002 by one Mohammed Yusuf (Mauro, 2014). While the group is known for its moniker, which means western education is bad, the group’s official names are Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati Wal-Jihad——which means “People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet’s Teachings and Jihad.” (Mauro, 2014). The group has deep origins in Nigeria’s sociocultural and religious development spanning years back. Its goal is to build sharia states in the Muslim-dominated northern Nigeria. While twelve states in the north have included sharia law into their legal codes, Boko Haram believes that the version of sharia adopted is too lenient, and thus violates Islam doctrine. The group follows a doctrine of uninhibited warfare. It makes no difference between civilians and soldiers; or even between Muslims and non-Muslims. Boko Haram appears to have shown little enthusiasm in championing governance or implementing the economic development of its enclaves (contrary to groups such as the Hamas and the Hezbollah). The terrorist group is founded on the “fundamentalist Wahhabi theological system and opposes the Islam of the traditional northern Nigerian establishment, which is broadly tolerant” (Campbell, 2014). Boko Haram was believed to have become radicalized in 2010 as attacks became more successful and deadly (Regens, Mould, Vernon, & Montgomery, 2016).
In the past few years, the group has transformed into one of the deadliest terrorist organizations in the world. According to the 2015 Global Terrorism Index, Nigeria experienced the largest upsurge in terrorist-related deaths in the world; attacks swelled over 300 percent, leading to almost 8,000 fatalities, making Boko Haram the deadliest in the world . In...

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...e incentives and opportunity to engage in terrorism, Lee (2011), Kavanagh (2011) have separately argued that poverty rates and low social status are a negative predictor of formation of terrorist groups. Political institutions are an important explanation of terrorism precisely because different institutions provide clear strategic incentives for groups to pursue policy change (Findely & Young, 2011). Despite the copious literature on terrorism, to the best of my knowledge, there is no comprehensive research linking COTR campaigns to the internal structures of the state. Corruption has largely stymied economic development in most parts of the world, accelerated state failure, and among others, undermined bureaucratic and political reforms. Intuitively, I expect variations in corruption levels to influence COTR outcomes in institutionally incapable states like Nigeria

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