Body modification has had a long history (Wohlrab, Stahl, & Kappeler, 2007). These modifications are popular with various cultures all around the world for varying reasons. Although the way the body is modified varies with different geographical locations, many of the modifications have a specific meaning for their own culture. These modifications can often be part of a rite of passage which Arnold Van Gennep defined as when “we move from one status to another within the lifecycle” (Crapo, 6.4). Each culture has its own rites of passages that are handed down from generation to generation with their own significance. Piercings is an example of body modification that is popular in many cultures today and started as an initiation rite in some cultures. It is reported that in Australia as many as o...
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...Style is taking the place of fashion, and tribes or social groups are denoted more by their style and less by their cultural or religious identities.
(2011, December 24). Samoan tattoos badges of honour. Queensland Times, The (Ipswich, Queensland). p. 26.
Crapo, R. H. (2013). Cultural anthropology. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education.
Jenny, D. (2001, May 30). A rite of passage for one woman in five. Illawarra Mercury. p. 3.
Michael, K. (2007, April 1). Hawai'i by Design; From signature stores to sophisticated hotels to ancient tattoo techniques, design is everywhere in Hawai‘i, challenging who we think we are. Honolulu Magazine (HI).
Tanne, J.H. (2000). Body Art: Marks of Identity. British Medical Journal, 320(7226): 64.
Wohlrab, S., Kappeler, P.M. & Stahl, J. (2007). Modifying the body: Motivations for getting tattooed and pierced. Body Image
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