Blood Transfusion : Techniques And Discoveries Essay

Blood Transfusion : Techniques And Discoveries Essay

Length: 1508 words (4.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The History of Blood Transfusion:Techniques and Discoveries that have Launched Transfusions into Modern Day
Transfusion medicine began only 200 years ago and has been perfected in the last 50 years (Ness, & Schmidt, 2006). There are still new discoveries and new technologies being made in the field of blood transfusions. Blood transfusions today are used to treat blood loss, anemia, and other hemolytic diseases. Over 200 years ago blood was believed to have many different uses. During this time period, there was no knowledge of inter-species immunity problems, any anti-coagulant, or proper functioning equipment.
Humans have always had a curiosity about blood and what exactly its purpose in the body. Blood was believed to have many mysterious properties. It was thought that it could transfer someone’s personality if put into another person. Blood was also thought to possess the ability to make the old become young again. Between AD23 and AD79, Pliny the Elder, a Roman author and philosopher, wrote that spectators would rush into the arena to drink the blood of dying gladiators. The people believed that by drinking the gladiators’ blood, they would receive their strength and bravery. Claudius Glaneus assumed that by drinking the blood of a dog, rabies could be cured. Egyptians believed that by drinking blood and applying blood to the skin it could keep someone youthful. This is where it is thought that the legend of vampirism began. Most of the early references to “blood transfusion” were not actually blood transfusions but blood ingestion (Learoyd, 2012). Pope Innocent VIII, Giovanni Battista Cibo, was said to have been repeatedly transfused with the blood of three ten year old boys between 1490 and 1492. There has been much deba...

... middle of paper ...

...e hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and syphilis. A study was conducted in China to see the percentage of donors that have a transfusion-transmissible infection and what classifications make a person more likely to have one of these infections. Some of the classifications are education, ethnicity, age, and number of donations. Donors were tested for hepatitis B antigen through a screening test before donating blood, and if they tested for hepatitis B, they were excluded from the study. The results concluded that there is a higher rate of transfusion-transmissible infections among first time donors, older donors, and donors other than the ethnicity Hans Chinese. Donors with a higher education were less likely to have a transfusion-transmissible infection (Zaller, Nelson, Ness, P., Wen, Kewir, Bai, & Shan, 2006).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Discovery Of Blood Transfusion Essay

- There have been many advancements in medicine over the centuries. Some have been very controversial, one example is the idea of human to human blood transfusions. Blood transfusions have not always been as successful as they are today. The procedure was even made illegal in some countries. The pioneer of successful human to human blood transfusions was James Blundell, born in London, 1791 (Dzik, 2007). This essay will describe the discovery of blood transfusion, also how the discovery of blood transfusion came about, the effect or importance of successful blood transfusion, and the future of blood transfusions....   [tags: Blood, Blood transfusion, Blood type, Hematology]

Better Essays
1056 words (3 pages)

Essay about Medicine And Its Impact On Medicine

- From ancient times treating disease and injuries has been a goal for mankind. Medicine is the science or practice of restoring health, treating the body against sickness, and preventing disease or injuries. The earliest practice in medical history was herbal medicine. The herbs from plants were used to make remedies that prevented and treated illnesses. The use of plants in medicine is still being practiced today because we can find it in many different remedies. The use and practice of medicine have existed for many years and is constantly growing and developing....   [tags: Blood, Immune system, Malaria, Blood transfusion]

Better Essays
1372 words (3.9 pages)

The Smallpox Vaccine, The Stethoscope, And The Blood Transfusion Essays

- Medicine is the science or practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of a disease. During the late 1700’s and the early 1800’s, doctors made discoveries that would change the practice of medicine forever. Some of these discoveries include: the smallpox vaccine, the stethoscope, and the blood transfusion. These additions to medicine allowed for doctors to research and treat diseases that were incurable at the time. Edward Jenner was an English physician and scientist that made a monumental contribution for medicine; the smallpox vaccine....   [tags: Blood, Blood transfusion, Hematology, Medicine]

Better Essays
1402 words (4 pages)

The Treatment Of Blood Transfusions Essay

- Considerable strides have been achieved in regards to cancer treatment. Yet, it instills despair and angst to those afflicted because of impending death. Worldwide, cancer of the colon is the third most common, with almost one million people diagnosed and 500,000 deaths yearly. In addition to the familiar side effects of cancer such as weight loss and fatigue, the prevalence of anemia is nearly 40% in patients with colorectal cancer (Schrijvers, 2011; Khanbhai, Shah, Cantanhede, Ilyas, & Richards, 2014)....   [tags: Blood, Red blood cell, Blood transfusion, Surgery]

Better Essays
1444 words (4.1 pages)

Blood Transfusion as One of the Most Common Hospitals Procedures Essay

- The topic chosen is blood transfusion. Blood transfusion is one of the most common procedures that are performed in the hospital setting to save lives and help improve one’s health. People who have serious injuries may need blood transfusions to replace the lost of blood. Some of the injuries are more critical than others and require an enormous amount of blood. In addition, many people have illnesses that prevent their body from making blood properly. Blood circulates in the body providing oxygen and nutrients and collects waste so it can be eliminated by the body; therefore, it is an important factor for everyone’s lives (Lewis Medical surgical nursing)....   [tags: blood bank, rh factor, transfusion medicine]

Better Essays
1973 words (5.6 pages)

Blood Transfusions and Disease Essay

- “Blood Safety in the Age of AIDS” reflects upon the history of blood transfusions, the advancement in performing clean (disease-free) transfusions, and, specifically, the appearance of and efforts to prevent the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) virus in blood donations. The AIDS epidemic hitting the blood banks is not only examined as an urgent problem in its own right, but also as a warning to both doctors and patients who regularly or spontaneously require blood transfusions. This warning indicates that the idea of new diseases and epidemics are still a possibility despite medical and conditional advances through history and that additional measures should be researched in the eff...   [tags: Blood Transfusions, Disease, AIDS, ]

Better Essays
1503 words (4.3 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Platelet Transfusion Essay examples

- immediately before initiating transfusion, obtain Temperature, pulse, respirations and blood pressure (AABB Chapter 5 page 6). All vitals signs should be recorded and available for comparison if needed (AABB Chapter 5 page 6). The patient also should be asked about any symptom that may later be mistaken for transfusion reaction (AABB Chapter 5 page 6). If fever is present be aware this may be a cause for delaying the transfusion, it could mask a symptom of an acute reaction and may compromise the efficacy of platelet transfusion (AABB Chapter 5 page 6)....   [tags: Blood, Red blood cell, Blood transfusion]

Better Essays
1465 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on Exchange Transfusion, Newborn, And Blood Cells

- Exchange Transfusion, Newborn WHAT IS AN EXCHANGE TRANSFUSION. An exchange transfusion is a procedure that removes your baby 's blood in small amounts and replaces it with donor blood or the yellow-colored liquid part of blood (plasma). WHAT ARE SOME REASONS WHY MY BABY MIGHT NEED AN EXCHANGE TRANSFUSION. Your baby may need an exchange transfusion if he or she has: • Hemolytic disease of the newborn. Hemolytic disease happens when a mother 's disease fighting system (immune system) attacks her baby 's red blood cells....   [tags: Blood, Red blood cell, Hematology, Hemoglobin]

Better Essays
760 words (2.2 pages)

The Blood Needed For Transfusions Essay

- Much of the blood needed for transfusions in Mississippi is shipped from nearby states as people in Mississippi do not usually donate enough to supply the demand for blood with in the state. The donated blood obviously goes to a multitude of patients in Mississippi; from people in car crashes, to cancer patients, to people sickle-cell disease, and many more. Every two seconds someone needs a blood transfusion only 10% of Americans who are able to donate blood actually do donate. Keep going with this thought and explain how there are many different ways a person can donate; from a blood (aka whole blood) donation, to a double red blood cell donation, plasma, and plasma....   [tags: Blood, Blood donation, Hematology, HIV]

Better Essays
1228 words (3.5 pages)

No Blood Transfusion for Jehovah's Witnesses Essay

- ... Some of the beliefs that Jehovah’s witnesses have involve many contemporary issues; they stand strongly against abortion, homosexuality, divorce and blood transfusions. Blood transfusions and ingesting blood is prohibited and considered wrong. Bone marrow are left to the individual and his principles to decide; other types of medical treatment are permitted. (Beliefnet, 2014). Jehovah’s Witnesses do not allow blood transfusions based on several biblical passages such as “Only flesh with its soul-its blood-you must not eat” (Genesis 9:3-4) and “You must not eat the blood of any sort of flesh, because the soul of every sort of flesh is its blood....   [tags: religion, ethical, legal]

Better Essays
770 words (2.2 pages)