Blood Pressure Essay

Blood Pressure Essay

Length: 899 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Other studies have attempted to measure the effect of distance on blood pressure response in order to find if there is any correlation between distance and a significant blood pressure reduction. One of these studies (see Moreau et al, 2001) involved 24 sedentary post-menopausal American women (15 in the intervention group ) with high blood pressure. The results found that, after a 2-year walking programme, that there was a statistically significant drop of 13 mmHg in the systolic blood pressure of those participants who were taking anti-hypertensive drugs and of 11 mmHg in those not receiving medication, whereas there was no difference found in their diastolic blood pressure and in the blood pressure of the control group. The participants in the intervention group were instructed to walk 3 kms per day in addition to their normal daily physical activity. After the first year the reduction in blood pressure was significant: 6 mm Hg in the systolic blood pressure of the participants who were taking anti-hypertensive medication and 7mmHg in the non-medication group.
In this study , the magnitude of the reduction of systolic blood pressure as a result of a walking programme is similar to that which has been found in earlier studies in response to traditional exercise (see Seals et al,1997, and Hagberg et al, 2000).
Several studies have examined the impact of the frequency of walking per week on blood pressure in order to determine what frequency is most effective in terms of blood pressure reduction response.
A study by Gettman et al, conducted in 1976, which compared the effect of fast walking between one, three and five days per week on blood pressure response, found that the difference in frequency was no...

... middle of paper ...

...ffect on systolic blood pressure only.
Lee et al (2010) found that moderate to high intensity waking was more likely to decrease blood pressure than low intensity walking. This result supports the findings of the study conducted by Quinn in the year 2000.
Nemoto et al (2007) compared the effect of continuous walking at moderate intensity (50% of peak aerobic capacity) and interval walking at high intensity (70% of peak aerobic capacity) on reducing blood pressure. They found that blood pressure reduction was greater in the group who walked at high intensity: 9 mmHg for systolic blood pressure and 5 mmHg for diastolic.
The results of a study conducted in India by Gosh (2006) to measure the effect of walking intensity (2 Km/30min) for 20 weeks, showed that there was a significant reduction in systolic/diastolic blood pressure by approximately 10 mmHg/4 mmHg.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Effects Of Blood Pressure On The Body

- While submerged in an aqueous environment, an individual experiences apnea, or breath holding. This breath hold while diving leads to a collection of physiological reflexes termed the human dive response, one of which is bradycardia, or slowing heart rate (Gooden, 1994). Blood flow is also reduced to the appendicular extremities of the body, termed peripheral vasoconstriction (Schagatay et al., 2007). Mean arterial pressure, known as blood pressure, increases due to the peripheral vasoconstriction (Gooden, 1994)....   [tags: Blood pressure, Hypertension, Caffeine]

Better Essays
737 words (2.1 pages)

The Importance Of Exercising On Blood Pressure Essay

- Upshot of exercising on blood pressure BIOL 1612l, Section 346 Georgia perimeter college / R. SOCCI Written by: Derick Totchum Lab partners: Ryan Slack, Ashley Jackson, Jacob meadows Submitted: June 23, 2015   INTRODUCTION According to Wikipedia, (BP) or blood pressure is the “resulting pressure as blood circulates upon the walls of blood vessels”; however pulse is the “tactile palpation of the heartbeat by trained fingertips”. In adults, a blood pressure of 120/80mmHg would be considered healthy....   [tags: Blood pressure, Artery, Blood, Vein]

Better Essays
1895 words (5.4 pages)

Essay on Cause And Effect Of Blood Pressure

- In our family tradition, someone 's feelings and bodily functions are often blamed on weather. When my grandmother 's blood pressure begins to change, she will claim it is a result of shifting atmospheric conditions; when I feel down, she links it with my low blood pressure and consequently blames my feelings on weather as well. I 'm inclined to believe my mood isn 't linked with blood pressure or with what kinds of events are taking place in the sky, since I can feel low even when my blood pressure is relatively high and the weather is pleasant, but her assertions make me wonder if a correlation really does exist between these phenomena....   [tags: Blood pressure, Artery, Blood, Vein]

Better Essays
1102 words (3.1 pages)

Measuring and Changing Your Blood Pressure Essay

- Blood pressure is defined as the force of the blood against the artery wall. If ones blood pressure is too high or too low it may cause cardiovascular problems in the future. When blood pressure is measured, a cuff is placed on your arm, we will add pressure to this cuff to temporarily stop the blood flow. With a stethoscope we will then listen to your blood flow. By doing this we get two measurements, the first is systolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the reading when the blood is being contracted by the heart, or when the heart contracts, and diastolic pressure, measured when the heart relaxes....   [tags: Blood pressure, ]

Better Essays
575 words (1.6 pages)

Hypertension : High Blood Pressure Essay

- Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) is an illness that millions of people of all sorts are affected by. Moreover, although stress and emotional tension can temporarily increase blood pressure; but it won’t be considered as high blood pressure. Hypertension usually is there with no symptoms. It may happen and remain unseen for many years. People, until told by a medical physician generally overlook high blood pressure. People are not aware of how hypertension affects the body, how it is measured, what the symptoms are of high blood pressure, and what people/ethnic groups are affected by hypertension more than another....   [tags: Blood pressure, Hypertension]

Better Essays
1109 words (3.2 pages)

Essay about Hypertension : High Blood Pressure

- Hypertension (High-Blood Pressure) Ever since my dad reached his mid-thirties he has had to deal with his high-blood pressure. Not only does my dad have high-blood pressure, but so does my dad’s two brothers and mother. According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, “Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood. High blood pressure, sometimes called hypertension, happens when this force is too high.” Blood pressure is measured with the use of a gauge, stethoscope, and a blood pressure cuff which is the thing that wraps tight around your arm like a python....   [tags: Blood pressure, Hypertension, Artery]

Better Essays
841 words (2.4 pages)

Hypertension And High Blood Pressure Essay

- Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a common disease affecting about 70 million Americans but only about half of those affected Americans have their blood pressure under control. 1 in 3 adults are in prehypertension, which means they are in the blood pressure range that is in danger of obtaining hypertension but the numbers are not quite high enough to diagnose them with the disease. Hypertension diagnosed when a person has tension, or high pressure, in their arteries. The more blood that is pumped into a person’s arteries and the narrower the arteries become, the higher the blood pressure....   [tags: Blood pressure, Hypertension]

Better Essays
1361 words (3.9 pages)

Hypertension And High Blood Pressure Essay

- Disease Pathology Hypertension or high blood pressure has been one of those chronic diseases that have plagued the United States. Approximately, 73.6 million adults suffer from hypertension. It is estimated that 77.6% of patients are aware of their hypertension and is being treated. However, only 44% of patients have their blood pressure under control. Hypertension takes years to develop. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can increase the risk of serious health problems such as cerebrovascular, cardiovascular, and renal disease by the age of 50....   [tags: Hypertension, Blood pressure]

Better Essays
1475 words (4.2 pages)

Hypertension : High Blood Pressure Essay

- Hypertension Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force of blood moving through the vessels (Hawthorn, 2008). The harder the force the higher the pressure is against the blood vessel walls. High blood pressure can be a dangerous condition since there are usually no symptoms and there can be long term cardiovascular damage. The chance of a stroke or heart attack is much more likely. According to WebMD the number of people with high blood pressure has doubled since 1975 and every year approximately 7.5 million people die from it (Web MD, 2016)....   [tags: Blood pressure, Hypertension, Atherosclerosis]

Better Essays
1545 words (4.4 pages)

High Blood Pressure Essay

- ... A meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies reveals that increased consumption of fruit and vegetables from less than three to more than five servings/day correlates with a 17% reduction in coronary heart disease risk (He, Nowson, Lucas, & MacGregor, 2007). The hypothesis that dietary fibres protect from ischemic heart disease was introduced in 1970s (Trowell, 1972). Since then, a diet rich in fibre has been linked to the CVD risk factors (e.g. obesity, high cholesterol and hypertension) (Van Horn et al., 2008; Truswell, 2002)....   [tags: systolic, diastolic blood pressure ]

Better Essays
1575 words (4.5 pages)